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John Raacke & Jennifer M. Bonds-Raacke

In: 21st Century Psychology: A Reference Handbook

Chapter 55: Adulthood and Aging: Perspectives on Adult Development

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Adulthood and Aging: Perspectives on Adult Development
Adulthood and aging: Perspectives on adult development

Until the beginning of the 20th century, the majority of a person's life took place during childhood and adolescence. Therefore, it is no surprise that the vast majority of thinking, philosophizing, and researching on human development centered on these two areas. With advancements in nutrition, medicine, and exercise physiology, life expectancy grew during the 20th century faster than at any other time in human history. In fact, the average human's life expectancy rose from 47 years in 1900 to 77 years in 2002.

Why the history lesson? Simple; the history of human life on this planet is important in understanding the study of human development. Even with the increase in life expectancy that ...

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