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Intelligence
Intelligence

For centuries, persons making significant contributions to science, industry, art, politics, or even criminal pursuits were viewed as intelligent, whereas those who failed in school, at work, or as a member of society were thought to represent the lower end of the ability distribution. The ancient Chinese as well as the ancient Greeks recognized the importance of individual differences in ability for the selection of soldiers and civil servants. As part of modern Western culture, children and adults routinely test their abilities (intelligence) against peers via school grades, extracurricular activities (e.g., debate clubs), games of skill (e.g., chess), and even party games (e.g., Trivial Pursuit) and television shows (e.g., Jeopardy). Although the subjective assessment of intelligence has been going on since the dawn of ...

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