Physical Activity, Exercise, and Depression

Egil W. Martinsen

In: Encyclopedia of Lifestyle Medicine & Health

Physical Activity, Exercise, and Depression

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  • The concept of depression is used to describe several psychological states, ranging from transient feelings of sadness and depressed mood, which most people experience during their lives, to mental disorders. This entry will focus on the latter and on how exercise and physical activity affects them. In modern classification systems, such as the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition (DSM-IV), depression is classified under the mood disorders. These contain 2 major subgroups.

    Bipolar disorder is rare and affects about 1% to 2% of the population during their lifetime. Periods of illness vary between manic or hypomanic periods, from elevated mood to depressive episodes. Bipolar disorder has a strong genetic component, and mood-stabilizing medication is important for the majority ...

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    • Aging
    • Behavioral Medicine
    • Cardiovascular Medicine
    • Chronic Disease, Disease Prevention, and Lifestyle Behaviors
    • Concepts in Lifestyle Medicine
    • Epidemiology and Demographics of Lifestyle-Related Health Issues
    • Exercise Physiology
    • Exercise-Related Injuries
    • Food and Nutrition
    • Health Policy, Public Health, and Health Education
    • Immunology and Infectious Diseases
    • Internal Medicine
    • Men's Health
    • Obesity and Weight Management
    • Pain Management
    • Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine
    • Physical Activity and Inactivity
    • Physical Therapy
    • Preventive Medicine
    • Substance use and Abuse
    • Women's Health
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