- Subject index
Questions about the causes or sources of work stress have been the subject of considerable research, as well as public fascination, for several decades. Earlier interest in this issue focused on the question of whether some jobs are simply more inherently stressful than others. Other questions that soon emerged asked whether some individuals were more prone to stress than others. The Handbook of Work Stress focuses primarily on identifying the different sources of work stress across different contexts and individuals.
Chapter 27: Organizational Stress Intervention
Organizational Stress Intervention
During the past 50 years, understanding of the causes of work-related illnesses and injuries has grown dramatically (Rom, 1998). In contrast, however, knowledge of how to utilize this understanding for prevention and intervention purposes remains limited (Schulte, Goldenhar, & Connally, 1996). This situation is especially troublesome when one considers not only the human toll of work-related illnesses and injuries but the massive drain on national economies that results from them. As mentioned over 30 years ago in Work in America (1973), a seminal report to the U.S. secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare, work represents an institutional tool that could be effectively used to improve the health of workers and thereby reduce the staggering costs of health care.