Aconsistent and continuing body of research evidence has identified stress as a major factor contributing to ill health, particularly psychological health (Cooper, Dewe, & O'Driscoll, 2001). Many workplace surveys (Cartwright & Cooper, 1997; Worrall & Cooper, 2001) have reported that stress at work significantly affects employee health and well-being and has an adverse impact on organizational productivity. In a study of changes in self-rated health among over 5,000 Danish workers over the period 1990 to 1995, Borg, Kristensen, and Burr (2000) found that health levels had deteriorated over the 5 years. A number of work-related factors, including repetitive work, high psychological job demands, and increased job insecurity, were found to be predictive of worsening health. As a consequence, many organizations ...
Individually Targeted Interventions
Individually targeted interventions