- Subject index
Questions about the causes or sources of work stress have been the subject of considerable research, as well as public fascination, for several decades. Earlier interest in this issue focused on the question of whether some jobs are simply more inherently stressful than others. Other questions that soon emerged asked whether some individuals were more prone to stress than others. The Handbook of Work Stress focuses primarily on identifying the different sources of work stress across different contexts and individuals.
Chapter 23: Work, Well-Being, and Mental Health
Work, Well-Being, and Mental Health
Most constructs can be viewed at several levels of generality. Although research in a particular field tends to become located at a single level, it is important also to view central concepts in alternative terms. The notion of stress can usefully be examined within the broader constructs of well-being and health.
Health itself is defined by the World Health Organization in terms of three forms of well-being: physical, mental, and social. Physical reactions to job conditions can include muscular strains and injuries of many kinds as well as cardiovascular disorders and other conditions that have both physical and psychological aspects. They are not always apparent as immediate bodily changes, sometimes developing only across years or decades. The ...