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Edited by: Julian Barling, E. Kevin Kelloway & Michael R. Frone

In: Handbook of Work Stress

Chapter 22: Editors' Overview: Consequences of Work Stress

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Editors' Overview: Consequences of Work Stress
Editors' overview: Consequences of work stress

The adverse consequences of work stress are manifold. Jex and Crossley (see Chapter 24) present a taxonomy of work stress-related outcomes by crossing two dimensions: outcome relevance (individual vs. organizational) and outcome type (psychological, physical, and behavioral). Adverse individual outcomes include poor psychological and mental health outcomes (e.g., anger, depression, anxiety, posttraumatic stress syndrome, burnout), impaired physiological processes (e.g., cardiovascular reactivity, elevated levels of various hormones, impaired immune function) and physical disease outcomes (e.g., hypertension, stroke, cancer, ulcers and gastrointestinal disorders, musculoskeletal disorders, migraine headaches), and detrimental behavioral outcomes (sleep disturbance; alcohol, tobacco, and illicit drug use; poor eating habits; intimate partner violence). Adverse organizational outcomes include poor psychological and emotional outcomes (e.g., job ...

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