- Subject index
Questions about the causes or sources of work stress have been the subject of considerable research, as well as public fascination, for several decades. Earlier interest in this issue focused on the question of whether some jobs are simply more inherently stressful than others. Other questions that soon emerged asked whether some individuals were more prone to stress than others. The Handbook of Work Stress focuses primarily on identifying the different sources of work stress across different contexts and individuals.
Chapter 22: Editors' Overview: Consequences of Work Stress
Editors' Overview: Consequences of Work Stress
The adverse consequences of work stress are manifold. Jex and Crossley (see Chapter 24) present a taxonomy of work stress-related outcomes by crossing two dimensions: outcome relevance (individual vs. organizational) and outcome type (psychological, physical, and behavioral). Adverse individual outcomes include poor psychological and mental health outcomes (e.g., anger, depression, anxiety, posttraumatic stress syndrome, burnout), impaired physiological processes (e.g., cardiovascular reactivity, elevated levels of various hormones, impaired immune function) and physical disease outcomes (e.g., hypertension, stroke, cancer, ulcers and gastrointestinal disorders, musculoskeletal disorders, migraine headaches), and detrimental behavioral outcomes (sleep disturbance; alcohol, tobacco, and illicit drug use; poor eating habits; intimate partner violence). Adverse organizational outcomes include poor psychological and emotional outcomes (e.g., job ...