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Serge Desmarais & Christine Alksnis

In: Handbook of Work Stress

Chapter 19: Gender Issues

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Gender Issues
Gender issues

Popular stereotypes convey fundamental differences in the way men and women feel, think, act, and relate to others. These gendered differences are assumed to exist in all social spheres, including work and family life. Yet the life circumstances of most women and men have changed dramatically over the past few decades, with evidence of greater similarity (Barnett & Hyde, 2001). We can attribute much of this shift to women's increasing entry into the paid workforce (Davidson & Burke, 2000; Reskin & Padavic, 1994; see also Fielden & Cooper, 2002). For instance, data from the United States show that women's participation in the labor force has gone from approximately 18% in the late 1800s to roughly 59% in 1996 (see Stroh & Reilly, ...

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