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J. Barling, K. Rogers, E. K. Kelloway, D. T. Campbell, J. C. Stanley, M. R. Frone, M. A. Gignac, E. K. Kelloway, B. Gottlieb, R. A. Karasek, T. Theorell, R. S. Lazarus, S. Folkman, C. H. Nygard, P. Huuhtanen, K. Tuomi, R. Martikainen, L. I. Pratt, J. Barling, S. L. Sauter, L. R. Murphy, J. J. Hurrell, J. Siegrist & P. B. Warr

In: Handbook of Work Stress

Chapter 16: Editors' Overviews: Special Populations

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Editors' Overviews: Special Populations
Editors' overviews: Special populations

Efforts to understand the experience of stress in the workplace have resulted in a proliferation of theoretical models (e.g., Karasek & Theorell, 1990; Siegrist, 1996; Sauter, Murphy, & Hurrell, 1990; Warr, 1987) that vary in their “breadth” (i.e., the number of organizational conditions considered) as well as the functional relationships specified between stressors and outcomes (e.g., the specification of moderated or curvilinear relationships). Underpinning each of these models is a more generic specification that distinguishes between stressors (i.e., the objective organizational condition), stress (i.e., the reaction to the stressor), and strain (i.e., the outcomes associated with prolonged exposure to the stressor; Pratt & Barling, 1988). Following from transactional views of stress (e.g., Lazarus & Folkman, 1984), researchers recognize ...

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