- Subject index
Tourist Studies developed as a sub-branch of older disciplines in the social sciences, such as anthropology, sociology and economics, and newer applied fields of study in hospitality management, civil rights and transport studies. This Handbook is a sign of the maturity of the field. It provides an essential resource for teachers and students to determine the roots, key issues, and agenda of Tourism Studies.
Chapter 38: Methodologies and Methods
Methodologies and Methods
Methodologies and methods cannot be discussed without first considering their meanings along with the related term paradigm. Why the latter term? Because paradigms serve to inform both methodologies and methods used in tourism studies (as well as broadly in the social sciences). First, the meaning of methodologies is founded on the definition of its singular form: a methodology. A methodology “is a model, which entails theoretical principles as well as a framework that provides guidelines about how research is done in the context of a particular paradigm” (Sarantakos, 1998: 32). Second, methods are defined as “the tools or instruments employed by researchers to gather empirical evidence or to analyze data” (Sarantakos, 1998: 32). Third, a paradigm is a particular view of ...