- Subject index
Tourist Studies developed as a sub-branch of older disciplines in the social sciences, such as anthropology, sociology and economics, and newer applied fields of study in hospitality management, civil rights and transport studies. This Handbook is a sign of the maturity of the field. It provides an essential resource for teachers and students to determine the roots, key issues, and agenda of Tourism Studies.
Chapter 33: Tourism and International Policy: Neoliberalism and Beyond
Tourism and International Policy: Neoliberalism and Beyond
International tourism policy and governance are in a process of transition. Until the early 1990s, international tourism policy was mainly a matter of national policies and bilateral agreements between nations (Edgell, 1990; Hall, 1994). States and intergovernmental organizations were the major players, and reducing government restrictions that limited transportation, travel, and currency exchange constituted their major agenda. Coordinated tourism promotion helped produce what Hall (2001) calls “international regionalism,” and tourism provisions were occasionally embedded in broader multilateral agreements such as the Helsinki Accord. Overall, however, as Edgell (1990: xi) put it in his book, International Tourism Policy, it was in its “infancy,” and focused on tourism primarily as “leisure migration” (Borocz, 1992).
Within a ...