- Subject index
Tourist Studies developed as a sub-branch of older disciplines in the social sciences, such as anthropology, sociology and economics, and newer applied fields of study in hospitality management, civil rights and transport studies. This Handbook is a sign of the maturity of the field. It provides an essential resource for teachers and students to determine the roots, key issues, and agenda of Tourism Studies.
Chapter 14: Tourism, Religion, and Spirituality
Tourism, Religion, and Spirituality
The institutions of religion and tourism have long been associated. Human migration has been linked to religion from the earliest times (Sigaux, 1966; Vukoni´c, 1996). Furthermore, religious tourism—or tourism “whose participants are motivated either in part or exclusively for religious reasons” (Rinschede, 1992: 52)—is widely considered to be one of the oldest forms of travel (Kaelber, 2006). In particular, institutionalized religious tourism in the form of pilgrimage was, during the medieval period, a widespread “social movement” (Digance, 2006) that was evident in the world's main religious traditions of Hinduism, Buddhism, Christianity and Islam. To a great extent, that social movement remains to this day, with many traditional pilgrimage centers, such as Mecca, Rome, Jerusalem, Lourdes, Santiago de Compostella, ...