- Subject index
This is the first international and inter-disciplinary social science Handbook on health and medicine. Five years in the making, and building on the insights and advice of an international editorial board, the book brings together world-class figures to provide an indispensable, comprehensive resource book on social science, health and medicine. Pinpointing the focal issues of research and debate in one volume, the material is organized into three sections: social and cultural frameworks of analysis; the experience of health and illness; and health care systems and practices. Each section consists of specially commissioned chapters designed to examine the vital conceptual and methodological practice and policy issues.
Chapter 9: Socioeconomic Inequalities in Health: Integrating Individual-, Community-, and Societal-Level Theory and Research
Socioeconomic Inequalities in Health: Integrating Individual-, Community-, and Societal-Level Theory and Research
Socioeconomic inequalities in health have been observed persistently over the course of human history. These differences are manifest across individuals, communities, and societies, and recent analyses suggest that for the most part they have increased over the past century, and even in the past few decades (Marmot et al. 1987; Pappas et al. 1993; Preston and Haines 1991). The nature and size of these inequalities make them arguably the major problem of population and public health in America and many other societies for reasons that will become clearer below. Hence, socioeconomic inequalities in health have increasingly become a focus of health policy ...