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Karin Knorr Cetina

In: The SAGE Handbook of Sociology

Chapter 32: Science, Technology and their Implications

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Science, Technology and their Implications
Science, technology and their implications

There is a widespread consensus today that contemporary Western societies are in one sense or another ruled by scientific knowledge and expertise. Science and technology were a driving force in the transition from traditional to modern societies and they are central in explaining the great socio-economic transformations early in the industrial revolution and the later progress of industrialization. Today at the beginning of the twenty-first century many believe another new epoch is in the making, and science and technology are again deeply implicated in the changes under way. Most of the concepts that have been suggested to refer to the new system, including labels such as ‘postindustrial society’ (Bell, 1973; Hage and Powers, 1992), ‘postcapitalist’ society ...

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