- Subject index
`This is a wide-ranging and authoritative analysis of sociology's 'state-of-the-art'. It will set the terms of debate for the next decade' - John Urry, Lancaster University, U.K.`The profession of sociology was blessed by abundance of excellent handbooks. The one edited by Craig Calhoun, Christ Rojek and Bryan Turner was preceded by outstanding sociology handbooks, the most eminent ones by Robert Farris and E Lee published in 1964 and a more recent one by Neil Smelser in1988. The volume by Farris and Lee not only served as an introductory text to the discipline, but contained many innovative papers, which re-oriented social research for years to come. Smelser brought together the best possible and most polished overview of the contributions professional sociology at his time. The Calhoun-Rojek-Turner ...
Chapter 2: Quantitative Research Methods
Quantitative Research Methods
The roots of sociology go back to the mid-nineteenth century and to seminal work by Auguste Comte (who invented the word ‘sociology’), Karl Marx, Max Weber and Emile Durkheim on the kind of society then newly emerging from the Industrial Revolution. Sociology has used quantitative methods and data from the beginning. Comte, who launched the discipline, was quite explicit about its grounding in statistical data. Durkheim's (1897) Le Suicide, for example, made extensive use of statistical data.
However, prior to the Second World War, the data tended to be fragmentary, often bordering on the anecdotal, and the statistical methods simple and descriptive. Camic and Yu (1994) identified Franklin H. Giddings as the father of quantitative sociology in the United States. Giddings, ...