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Quantitative Research Methods
Quantitative research methods
Introduction

The roots of sociology go back to the mid-nineteenth century and to seminal work by Auguste Comte (who invented the word ‘sociology’), Karl Marx, Max Weber and Emile Durkheim on the kind of society then newly emerging from the Industrial Revolution. Sociology has used quantitative methods and data from the beginning. Comte, who launched the discipline, was quite explicit about its grounding in statistical data. Durkheim's (1897) Le Suicide, for example, made extensive use of statistical data.

However, prior to the Second World War, the data tended to be fragmentary, often bordering on the anecdotal, and the statistical methods simple and descriptive. Camic and Yu (1994) identified Franklin H. Giddings as the father of quantitative sociology in the United States. Giddings, ...

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