Social work and welfarism evolved as societal responses to systemic social injustice and social-structural ‘ill-fare’. To understand social work and welfarism, one has, therefore, to unravel the origins, functions, and dynamics of social and global injustice and social ill-fare. To do so, this chapter examines the following:
- human needs as a frame of reference for individual and social development, well-being, and social and global justice;
- meanings of social and global justice;
- socially just communities and human nature;
- universal dimensions of social policy systems;
- emergence and spread of social injustice through coercive, undemocratic processes from local to global levels: oppression, domination, and exploitation;
- economic systems, social justice, and ...