The SAGE Handbook of Social Geographies


Edited by: Susan J. Smith, Rachel Pain, Sallie A. Marston & John Paul Jones III

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    Gavin Andrews received an undergraduate degree in human geography from Lampeter University in 1992 and a PhD in medical/health geography from University of Nottingham in 1997. Formerly a Lecturer, Senior Lecturer and Reader in Health Studies in the UK, in 2001 Gavin was appointed as Associate Professor at the Faculty of Nursing, University of Toronto and since 2006 has been Chair and Full Professor at McMaster University. His research contributes to three fields of health-geographic inquiry – ‘the geography of health care organizations and work’; ‘the geography of aging’ and ‘the geography of complementary medicine’. He recently co-edited three books: Ageing and Place: Perspectives, Policy, Practice (Routledge, 2005), Sociology of Ageing: a Reader (Rawat, 2008) and Primary Health Care: People, Practice, Place (Ashgate, 2009). He is the North American Editor for International Journal of Older People Nursing, and Associate Editor, Journal of Applied Gerontology.

    Nicola Ansell is Reader in Human Geography in the Centre for Human Geography at Brunel University. Her research has focused on the geographies of children and youth in contexts of social and cultural change in southern Africa. She is the author of Children, Youth and Development (Routledge, 2005). Her current research addresses the impacts of AIDS on young people's livelihoods and future food security in Malawi and Lesotho.

    Leela Bakshi is a volunteer trustee with Spectrum LGBT community forum in Brighton and Hove, and a volunteer researcher with the Count Me In Too project which examines contemporary LGBT lives in Brighton and Hove. This chapter is her first involvement in academic writing, and she is now contributing to writing a book exploring themes and learning from the project.

    Clive Barnett is Reader in Human Geography at The Open University, Milton Keynes, UK. His research focuses on the geographies of democracy and public life. He is author of Culture and Democracy (Edinburgh University Press, 2003), Globalizing Responsibility (with Paul Cloke, Nick Clarke, and Alice Malpass, Wiley-Blackwell, 2010), co-editor of Spaces of Democracy (with Murray Low, Sage, 2004), Geographies of Globalisation (with Jennifer Robinson and Gillian Rose, Sage, 2008), Extending Hospitality (with Mustafa Dikeç and Nigel Clark, Edinburgh University Press, 2009), and Rethinking the Public (with Nick Mahony and Janet Newman, Policy Press, 2010).

    Paul Bennett spent 9 years as Lecturer in Economic Geography at the University of Edinburgh. His research has explored the relationships between poor health and financial exclusion in the life insurance sector, including the implications of new genetic technologies, as well as the positive role insurance might play in the governance of corporate environmental standards. He is also interested in European economic and social policies, particularly in relation to the shipping sector, where he has investigated the tensions between competition law and environmental goals, between state-aid law and the provision of publicly-owned transport services, and between competitiveness and labour-standards. Paul is currently a Senior Researcher at the Scottish Government in Edinburgh.

    Kathryn Besio is an Associate Professor of Geography at the University of HawaI'i at Hilo. She is a social-cultural geographer, and is interested in how the violent and messy legacies of colonialisms manifest in material inequalities and class, gender and ethnic privilege. She has also been told that she is ‘obsessed’ with issues of representation and how that informs research practice. This has led to a number of publications on autoethnography. Currently, she is researching ‘Local’ and local food on the island of HawaI'i, and the intersections between plantation and industrial agriculture, small scale agriculture, home gardens and HawaI'i Regional Cuisine.

    Kath Browne works at the University of Brighton and has been lead researcher for the Count Me In Too research project since its inception in 2005. In 2007 Kath was awarded the Gill Memorial Award from the Royal Geographical Society recognizing geographical research in young researchers who have shown great potential. Kath co-edited the publication of Geographies of Sexualities: Theory, Practices and Politics with Jason Lim and Gavin Brown. In addition to the Count Me In Too book, she is currently working on two books, Queer Methods and Methodologies, co-edited with Catherine J. Nash (due 2010) and Queer Spiritual Spaces, with Sally Munt and Andrew Yip (due 2010). She has written over 30 academic publications and numerous community reports and is a trustee of Pride in Brighton and Hove.

    David B. Clarke is Professor of Human Geography and Director of the Centre for Urban Theory at Swansea University/Prifysgol Abertawe. His research focuses on urbanism and social theory, poststructuralism, consumerism, the media, and film. He is the author of The Consumer Society and the Postmodern City (Routledge, 2003), editor of The Cinematic City (Routledge, 1997), and co-editor of The Consumption Reader (Routledge, 2003) and, most recently, Jean Baudrillard: Fatal Theories (Routledge, 2009).

    Joyce Davidson is Associate Professor of Geography, cross-appointed with Women's Studies, at Queen's University, Canada. Following the publication of Phobic Geographies (Ashgate, 2003), Davidson developed a research and teaching program focused around health, embodiment and emotion. She has published in sociology and philosophy as well as geography journals, and is co-author of Subjectivities, Knowledges and Feminist Geographies (Rowman and Littlefield, 2002). Davidson's current research examines virtual reality therapies for autism spectrum and anxiety disorders. Organizer of the first (Lancaster, 2002) and second (Queen's, 2006, with Laura Cameron), Interdisciplinary Conference on Emotional Geographies, Davidson has also co-edited special issues and books on this subject, including: Gender, Place and Culture (with Liz Bondi, 2004, 11:3), Social and Cultural Geography (with Christine Milligan, 2004, 5:4), Emotional Geographies (with Liz Bondi and Mick Smith, Ashgate, 2005), and Emotion, Place and Culture (with Mick Smith, Laura Cameron and Liz Bondi, Ashgate, 2009). Davidson is lead and founding editor of the new Elsevier journal, Emotion, Space and Society.

    Michael L. Dorn is Assistant Professor of Urban Education and Coordinator of the Disability Studies Program at Temple University. He is a cultural and health geographer with additional research interests in historical geography, the history of science and medicine, and disability studies. A key contributor to debates around research traditions and perspectives in medical and health geography, Mike has also encouraged the expansion of interest in disability topics beyond the focus on institutionalization and deinstitutionalization. Current research concerns the history of geographic thought in the Atlantic world, the historic and contemporary geopolitics of disability, and community-based service learning and community development in the Anglophone Caribbean. His book project examines the place of medical geographic ideas in the formation of American regional identities, linking early conjectures and projections of Ohio Valley as a region for European settlement and civilization into the larger body of scholarship on the Atlantic World.

    Nancy Ettlinger is an Associate Professor of Geography at the Ohio State University. As a critical human geographer, she is interested in the relation between individuals and larger-scale phenomena (firms, institutions, societal projects), and in developing an interconnected view of social, political, economic, and cultural processes. Specific issues of interest include: the social, political, and cultural dimensions of production and consumption, culture as a lens through which to view all industries (not just a specific subset), and how and why the ‘noneconomic’ figures in competitive dis/advantage; based on a critique of existing systems, the conditions under which competitiveness and social well being might converge; how the everyday economy figures in the urban landscape of uneven development; how we might draw insights from economic theory, while reconfiguring it, to merge economic with social and political goals; the implications of different interpretations of ‘democracy’ and how democracy/ies dis/connect with the everyday economy; how everyday citizens are governed and enrolled in societal projects (e.g. neoliberalism), the possibilities for constructive change, and the relation between subjectivity and change.

    Nicholas R. Fyfe is Professor of Human Geography at the University of Dundee and Director of the Scottish Institute for Policing Research. His main research interests are in the fields of crime, criminal justice and policing but he has also worked on issues relating to activism, ‘the shadow state’ and voluntary sector. He undertook pioneering work on witness protection arrangements for those involved in serious and organized crime investigations and has written widely on the nature and impact of witness intimidation. His current research looks at the role of activism in the delivery of community safety, the nature of civility, and the policing of wildlife crime. In addition to contributing to academic debates, he has also worked closely with the policy community and has held several public appointments, including being a Special Advisor to the Scottish Parliament's Justice Committee.

    Michael Hillman is an environmental geographer and Senior Lecturer in Environmental Policy and Management at Manchester Metropolitan University in the UK. He is a Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society / Institute of British Geographers and member of the Institute of Australian Geographers. He has an academic and professional background in trade unions, community development and environmental science in Australia, based in Sydney and Newcastle. His doctoral work and subsequent publications have focused on interdisciplinary approaches to environmental management, in particular integration of the biophysical and social dimensions of river rehabilitation. His work has emphasized the application of social and environmental justice in this field.

    Peter Hopkins is a Senior Lecturer in Social Geography in the School of Geography, Politics and Sociology, Newcastle University, England, UK. He is a social geographer whose research interests focus upon a diverse range of social and spatial inequalities in contemporary Britain, including: critical perspectives on young people's geographies; urban geographies of race, racism and ethnicity; and geographies of religion. His work tends to be informed by qualitative research and draws upon debates within feminist social and urban geographies. Recent publications have appeared in Area, ACME, Children's Geographies and Progress in Human Geography. He is author of The issue of masculine identities for British Muslims after 9/11 (Edwin Mellen) and co-editor of Geographies of Muslim identities (Ashgate), Muslims in Britain (Edinburgh University Press).

    Richard Howitt is Professor of Human Geography in the Department of Environment and geography at Macquarie University, Sydney. His research is concerned with the interplay of social and environmental justice, particularly in relation to Indigenous rights. His book Rethinking Resource Management (Routledge, 2001) advocated deep integration of social, environmental and economic dimensions of justice into natural resource management systems. His teaching and applied research focuses on social impact assessment, corporate strategy, Indigenous rights, regional planning, social theory, human rights and resource and environmental policy. He received the Australian Award for University Teaching (Social Science) in 1999 and became Fellow of the Institute of Australian Geographers in 2004.

    Robin Kearns is Professor of Geography at the University of Auckland and a ministerial appointment to New Zealand's National Health Committee. He has expertise in a range of qualitative methods and has applied these over the past two decades, principally in studies of health services and health determinants. His work is informed by a social justice vantage point and he has contributed to key debates theorizing the role of place in health geography. Robin's interests are increasingly shifting from health to wellbeing and current research projects include: investigating the effects of large-scale residential developments on coastal experience; the links between neighbourhood design and physical activity (especially for children); home maintenance issues for older people; and the place of activism in influencing urban change.

    Carla C. Keirns is Assistant Professor of Preventive Medicine, Medicine and History at Stony Brook University, USA. She is a physician, historian, and health services research whose work is concerned with the contemporary and historical impact of chronic disease on individuals, communities, and societies. Her current research is concerned with the social context of asthma, hypertension and diabetes. Recent publications address changing trends in morbidity and mortality within and between societies, raising question about both overmedicalization and lack of access to health care, and the social resources fundamental to good health. Her book on the history of asthma in the United States will be published next year by the Johns Hopkins University Press.

    Sara Kindon is a social geographer at Victoria University of Wellington, Aotearoa, New Zealand, where she teaches in the human geography and development studies programmes. Sara's research focuses on questions around how research can be democratised to effect social change and she currently works with a range of youth, refugee and indigenous partners in Wellington and the central north island. She has written extensively about the role of participatory action research within social geography both individually and as part of the collectives, mrs kinpaisby and mrs c kinpaisby-hill. She is also completing her doctorate, which explores aspects of her own power, complicity and desire within a participatory video research project with a group of Maaori over the past 10 years.

    Audrey Kobayashi is Professor of Geography and Queen's Research Chair at Queen's University, Kingston. She teaches geographies of anti-racism and citizenship. Her published work spans a broad range of human rights issues including immigration, legal geographies, community activism, anti-racism, gender, and disability. She is currently involved in two major university-community research alliances, one to work with municipalities and volunteer groups to develop infrastructure for immigrant integration and anti-racism in second-tier cities; the other to work with Canadian disability organizations on disability policy development and implementation.

    Hille Koskela is an Academy Research Fellow in the Department of Social Policy, University of Helsinki, Finland. She is also an Adjunct Professor in urban geography. Her research interests include women's fear of violence in cities, urban security politics, culture of fear, video surveillance and the politics of control, the emotional experience of being watched, and most recently, webcams as voluntary visual representations on the Internet. Currently she is conducting a research project analyzing the connection between visual surveillance and voluntary visual representation of the self and examining how webcams expose cultural tensions surrounding conceptions of visibility, agency and power.

    Mei-Po Kwan is Distinguished Professor of Social and Behavioral Sciences at the Ohio State University (Columbus, USA), Belle van Zuylen Chair at Utrecht University (the Netherlands), and Adjunct Professor of Epidemiology and Biostatistics at Case Western Reserve University (Cleveland, USA). She is currently Editor of the Annals of the Association of American Geographers and Associate Editor of Geographical Analysis. She received the UCGIS Research Award from the University Consortium for Geographic Information Science (UCGIS) and the Edward L. Ullman Award from the Transportation Geography Specialty Group of the Association of American Geographers. Her research interests include research method; geographies of gender, race, and religion; information and communication technologies; geographic information science and systems; and feminist perspectives on geospatial technologies.

    Arthur Law is coordinator of Spectrum LGBT Community Forum in Brighton & Hove, which provides development support to local LGBT communities and facilitates and supports strategic work related to LGBT needs, bringing together stakeholders from local statutory, voluntary and community, and LGBT sectors. He has been active in a number of local LGBT groups and services and in equalities campaigns spanning 25 years. Arthur has been involved in the planning and delivery of key local LGBT research projects Critical Tolerance (1996), Project Zorro (1998), Count Me In (2000) as well as Count Me In Too (2007).

    Jennifer Lea is a human geographer with interests in bodies and practice, health and the therapeutic. Her PhD research was concerned with the practices of massage and yoga, and she is also interested in complementary and alternative medicines and their significance in contemporary culture. She is currently researching the historical and current geographies of therapeutic spaces in Scotland. She has worked at the University of Glasgow and Lancaster University. Her most recent publications are in Geoforum and Body and Society.

    Sarah de Leeuw is an assistant professor in the Northern Medical Program at the University of Northern British Columbia, the Faculty of Medicine at the University of British Columbia. She is a cultural-historical geographer whose work focuses on the sociospatial marginalization of Indigenous peoples and on historic and contemporary colonialism as a determinant of Indigenous people's health. For over a decade she has worked on issues of social justice with feminist and Indigenous organizations, including work with inmates in women's prisons and national aboriginal health organizations in Canada. Recent publications address interactions between Indigenous patients and the medical system, the linkages between governmental policies and ill-health in Aboriginal communities, and the discursivities of ‘Indianness’ in neocolonial contexts.

    Roger Lee is professor of geography at Queen Mary, University of London. He is an economic geographer who argues that there can be no such thing as economies, only economic geographies. A recent unexpected encounter with an early publication (from 1974) made him realize that he had spent more than 40 years of his career just repeating the same arguments around the ways in which the materially integrated nature of, and socially constructed, directed and assessed relations of value in economic geographies remain crucially significant to geographies of social justice and rights. His work has focused primarily on the ways in which these social relations of value are shaped within social life and on the role of money and finance within economic geographies. It has ranged from the ultra-localized to the most geographically extensive. He is managing editor of Progress in Human Geography and a former editor of Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers.

    Brian J. Marks is a PhD candidate and lecturer of Geography at the University of Arizona. A political ecologist and economic geographer, his present research project is on shrimp farming and fisheries in the Mississippi and Mekong Deltas, specifically production practices and environmental outcomes, the household economies of producers, conflict and collaboration in regional commodity chains, and the potential for international cooperation for higher prices. His research interests also encompass the application of political ecology to wetland and estuarine environments and the diffusion of crops and farming systems to the Lower Mississippi Valley through the Columbian Exchange.

    Sallie A. Marston is a Professor in the Department of Geography and Regional Development at the University of Arizona. Her work is located at the intersection of socio-spatial theory and the state, particularly with respect to how identities related to the state, are made, remade and transformed in the intimate spaces of everyday life. Professor Marston's main empirical questions have attended to: who has access to certain spaces and how access is negotiated through state policies, practices and rules. Her current collaborative research project focuses on the development of a socio-spatial theoretical and methodological framework – the site ontology – which is an event-space that is a differentiated and differentiating singularity.

    Richard Mitchell is Professor of Health and Environment the department of Public Health and Health Policy, University of Glasgow. He leads the department's Social and Environmental Public Health Research theme. Originally trained as a geographer and then as an epidemiologist, Richard now blends these two perspectives in his research on the state, growth and causes of health inequalities. He is particularly interested in how social and physical environments interact to produce health and how they can improve population health and reduce inequalities. Recent publications have included attempts to find and examine areas in the UK where population health appears resilient in the face of economic adversity, a demonstration that health inequalities are narrower in areas with plenty of green space and an examination of gender inequalities in deaths from alcohol-related causes.

    Don Mitchell is a Distinguished Professor of Geography in the Maxwell School at Syracuse University. He teaches and conducts research on the geographies of labor, landscape, homelessness, public space, Marxism and theories of culture. With Lynn Staeheli he is the author of The People's Property? Power, Politics and the Public (2008) and is currently at work with Lynn on a new project on democracy and public life in the United States and United Kingdom, as well as a study of the historical geography of the post-World War II bracero ‘guest worker’ program in California, an edited collection on the globalization of homelessness (with Jurgen von Mahs), and a textbook on the cultural landscape (with Carrie Breitbach).

    Rachel Pain is a social geographer at Durham University in the UK, where she is involved in teaching, research and community engagement. Rachel's key interests lie in social justice, social inequalities and social transformations. Feminist and participatory theory and practice inform much of her research on fear, violence and community safety; emotions and geopolitics; the wellbeing and safekeeping of young refugees; gender, youth, old age and intergenerational relations; and participatory geographies, politics, theory and activism. She is co-author of Introducing Social Geographies (Arnold, 2001), and co-editor of Connecting People, Participation and Place: Participatory Action Research Approaches and Methods (Routledge, 2008) and Fear: Critical Geopolitics and Everyday Life (Ashgate, 2008).

    John Paul Jones III is Professor of Geography and Director of the School of Geography and Development at the University of Arizona. He has a longstanding interest in social and cultural theory as it pertains to geographic thought and methodology. Much of his work has examined the linkages between spatial theory and poststructuralist theories of identity and representation. His work on explanation in human geography has placed special emphasis on the concepts of contingency, scale, epistemology, and ontology. Selected substantive projects include the geographic dimensions of the feminization of poverty in the U.S., the epistemology of whiteness in the U.S. and Mexico, and the globalization of civil society organizations in Oaxaca, Mexico. He is currently collaborating on a research project that examines the spatial ontologies and epistemologies underwriting environmental and public health responses to the management of mosquitoes in southern Arizona.

    Linda Peake is Professor in the Department of Social Science and the School of Women's Studies and previous Director of the Centre for Feminist Research at York University, Toronto, Canada. She is a feminist geographer whose work spans social, political and urban geography, and the prior editor of the journal Gender, Place and Culture. She has interests in issues of transnational feminist praxis, feminist methodologies, whiteness and racism, and the formation of gendered subjectivities in the urban global south. She has worked on these and other issues for nearly two decades with the Guyanese women's organization, Red Thread, as well as conducting empirical research in Canada and the United States.

    Jeff Popke is an Associate Professor in the Department of Geography at East Carolina University. His work has explored the ways in which social theory, and in particular theories of ethics and responsibility, can contribute to geographical scholarship and also help to shed light on contemporary processes of social and spatial change. He has carried out fieldwork in South Africa, Mexico and the United States, and is currently investigating the relationships between neoliberal restructuring and transnational migration in rural Mexico and North Carolina.

    Amy Ross is Associate Professor of Geography at the University of Georgia and an affiliate faculty member in Women's Studies and Latin American and Caribbean Studies. Her work focuses on human rights and wrongs; impunity and accountability; trauma and truth; institutions of truth/justice; and genocide. Dr Ross studies massive violence in local, national and international arenas in order to illuminate the inter-relationship between the production of space and power. She has conducted research in Guatemala, El Salvador, Chile, Peru, South Africa, Uganda, the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Her current research project focuses on the International Criminal Court in The Hague.

    Paul Robbins is Professor of Geography and Regional Development at the Univeristy of Arizona. His research centers on the relationships between individuals (homeowners, hunters, professional foresters), environmental actors (lawns, elk, mesquite trees), and the institutions that connect them, seeking to explain human environmental practices and knowledges, the influence non-humans have on human behavior and organization, and the implications these interactions hold for ecosystem health, local community, and social justice. Past projects have examined chemical use in the suburban United States, elk management in Montana, forest product collection in New England, and wolf conservation in India.

    Lynn A. Staeheli is Ogilvie Professor of Human Geography at the University of Edinburgh. Her work is at the intersections of urban, political, social and feminist geographies. She has contributed to theoretical debates on democracy, citizenship, justice, and care; empirical work has examined various issues related to community activism, the voluntary sector, public space, immigration, security, and the intersections between gender, race and religion. Recent publications include articles in Political Geography, Antipode, Global Networks, Society and Space, Social and Cultural Geography, and Citizenship Studies. She is co-author with Don Mitchell of The People's Property? Power, Politics, and the Public (Routledge, 2008).

    Fiona Smith is based at Brunel University where she is senior lecturer in the Centre for Human Geography and Director of the Out of School Childcare Research Unit. Fiona is a social geographer with a particular interest in gender, childcare services and children's geographies. Over the last 15 years she has carried out a large number of externally funded research projects, aimed at both academics and policy makers/practitioners. She is currently carrying out research for two UK Government Departments, exploring children's views of paid work, parental employment and living on benefits and mapping the ways young people spend their time out of school. This work will ensure the views of young people are presented to policy makers currently working on the Extended Schools Agenda in the UK.

    Susan J. Smith is Mistress of Girton College, Cambridge. She was previously Professor of Geography and a Director of the Institute of Advanced Studies at Durham University, and before that held the Ogilvie Chair of Geography at the University of Edinburgh. She is a social geographer whose work is concerned with injustice and inequality of all kinds. In a career spanning more than twenty years, she has contributed to debates on citizenship and social policy, the problems of racism and gender inequality, the indignity of victimization and fear of crime, and the intractable link between housing and health. Her current research is concerned with the cultural economy and material geographies of the housing economy. Recent publications address the interplay of home prices, mortgage debt and financial risk, profiling in particular the uneasy encounter between markets dynamics and an ethic of care.

    Marv Waterstone is a faculty member in the Department of Geography and Regional Development at the University of Arizona, and most of his work (research, writing, and teaching) is aimed at understanding and promoting progressive social change. Much of his work has been focused on these matters for 25 years. He is currently in the process of working through a number of grounded cases that examine the construction, maintenance, and sometimes, subversion of the common sense in several facets of everyday life. One recent example of this work is a new book, Geographic Thought: A Praxis Perspective, which he co-edited with a George Henderson from the University of Minnesota, published by Routledge in October 2008.

    Katie D. Willis is Reader in Development Geography at Royal Holloway, University of London. Her research interests lie in the areas of transnationalism, migration, gender and health, with a particular focus on East Asia and Latin America. She has published widely on these issues, including the edited volumes State/Nation/Transnation: Perspectives on Transnationalism in the Asia-Pacific (Routledge, 2004 with Brenda Yeoh) and Gender and Migration (Edward Elgar, 2000, edited with Brenda Yeoh). She is editor of Geoforum and International Development Planning Review.

    Keith Woodward is Assistant Professor of Geography at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. His research explores intersections of affect, politics and ontology as means for developing new understandings of social movements, political change, direct action and autonomous organization. He is also the co-author of a series of papers devoted to ‘site ontology’ that, among other things, reconsider the relation between scale, space and politics in human geography.

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