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BARBARA VANOSS MARÍN

In: Handbook of Racial & Ethnic Minority Psychology

Chapter 31: Challenges of HIV Prevention in Diverse Communities: Sex, Culture, and Empowerment

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Challenges of HIV Prevention in Diverse Communities: Sex, Culture, and Empowerment
Challenges of hiv prevention in diverse communities: Sex, culture, and empowerment

HIV has been a particular scourge in communities of color since the epidemic began 20 years ago (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 1995, 1999; Selik, Castro, & Pappaioanou, 1988). The CDC estimates that approximately 75% of new HIV infections in the United States are occurring in communities of color (CDC, 2000). For communities already facing marginalization, poverty, and racism, HIV is certainly an unfair addition to their multiple disadvantages. In another way, HIV can be seen as the extension or outgrowth of those circumstances.

In communities of color, the underlying causes of HIV risk take the form of disempowerment or oppression, whether that ...

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