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RANDOLPH G. POTTS & RODERICK J. WATTS

In: Handbook of Racial & Ethnic Minority Psychology

Chapter 3: Conceptualization and Models: The Meaning(s) of Difference in Racial and Ethnic Minority Psychology

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Conceptualization and Models: The Meaning(s) of Difference in Racial and Ethnic Minority Psychology
Conceptualization and models: The meaning(s) of difference in racial and ethnic minority psychology

Psychology has historically provided a variety of labels and taxonomies of individual and group differences. In this discourse on difference, however, the language of psychology is not just descriptive, and it is certainly not value neutral. Several general models have been used in conceptualizing differences in racial and ethnic minority psychology. One model is “universalism” (Bourne, 1991), in which work in the field is put forth explicitly or implicitly as equally applicable to all populations, when in fact it is undergirded by a particular cultural worldview. Historically, European American psychology has favored this “main effects” view, seeing all human behavior ...

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