Chapter 1: Introduction: The Psychological Study of Racial and Ethnic Minority Psychology Next Chapter
Never look for a psychological explanation unless every effort to find a cultural one has been exhausted.
—Margaret Mead (1959, p. 16), quoting William Fielding Ogburn, one of her mentors at Columbia University
In her quote, the esteemed anthropologist Margaret Mead referred to the “psychological” as innate, generic characteristics of the mind, whereas the “cultural” referred to the behavior that one learned in her or his culture. The quote was in reference to cultural anthropologist William Fielding Ogburn's approach to the study of humankind that, [Page 2]in the 1920s, was lacking any formative psychological theory that could explain humankind in a holistic manner; psychoanalysis was an exception as ...