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Chapter 8: Affective Processes
Emotional or affective reactions are frequently part of people's reactions to disliked groups, contributing to discrimination. This chapter reviews research on three main topics. First, affect, even if it occurs for irrelevant reasons, can influence cognitive processes that are relevant to prejudice and discrimination, such as people's tendency to use stereotypes. Second, emotions (such as anxiety) frequently arise when individuals encounter outgroup members, and contribute to discomfort and unpleasantness in the interaction. Third, people can experience emotions when they think of themselves as members of social groups, for example, when political party members feel joy or disappointment at their party's electoral outcomes. These group-based emotions also have implications for feelings and behaviors toward outgroups.
Prejudice and discrimination very often involve strong feelings ...