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Self-regulation has been extensively investigated as a means for changing implicit as well as explicit prejudicial biases. We first discuss motivational factors influencing regulatory inclinations, and then turn to two regulatory strategies. The first strategy involves the suppression of prejudicial biases a strategy that often backfires. The second strategy involves conflict monitoring and the exertion of regulatory control through processes described in the Self-Regulation of Prejudice (SRP) model. Empirical findings are reviewed related to the central features of the SRP model, with attention to recent advances made possible by social neuroscientific investigations. Individual difference and situational factors that can facilitate or interfere with the self-regulation of prejudice are then discussed. We conclude by highlighting critical directions for future research.