- Subject index
Representing both traditional and emerging perspectives, this multi-disiplinary and truly international volume will serve as a seminal resource for students and scholars.
Chapter 29: Health and Health Care Disparities
Health and Health Care Disparities
The chapter focuses on causes of health disparities between Blacks and Whites. Health disparities are differences in health status that are not biological in origin and thus, at least theoretically, can be prevented from occurring or eliminated once identified. Biological and largely racist explanations of differences in health status were dominant until the mid-twentieth century when socioeconomic, political, and psychological causes received increased attention. In this context, the chapter gives special attention to how stereotyping, prejudice, and discrimination affect disparities in health care. We first discuss how prejudice and discrimination might affect patient health and health-related attitudes and behavior. Then we discuss how provider bias might affect the quality of care received by Black patients. We ...