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Jacques-Philippe Leyens & Stéphanie Demoulin

In: The SAGE Handbook of Prejudice, Stereotyping and Discrimination

Chapter 12: Ethnocentrism and Group Realities

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Ethnocentrism and Group Realities
Ethnocentrism and group realities
Abstract

Group members construct consensual beliefs – group realities – the function of which reflects more an ethnocentric than objective reality. Ingroup favoritism and outgroup derogation are key concepts in this perspective. Maintenance and reinforcement of these group realities are helped by a series of micro-processes such as expectations, selective attention, vigilance, and confirmatory bias. While advantageous, the juxtaposition of these processes does not help to create an overarching theory(ies). The Stereotype Content Model and infra-humanization are offered as attempts at formalization. Finally, it is suggested that reduction of conflicts between groups might be obtained by respecting their ethnocentric group realities rather than suppressing the group reality of the weaker side, and letting them use different strategies rather than ...

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