- Subject index
The SAGE Handbook of Political Geography provides students of the sub-discipline with a highly contextualized and systematic overview of the latest thinking and research. Edited by key scholars, with international contributions from acknowledged authorities on the relevant research, The SAGE Handbook of Political Geography is divided into six sections: Scope and Development of Political Geography; Geographies of the State; Participation and Representation; Political Geographies of Difference; Geography, Policy, and Governance; and Global Political Geographies.
Chapter 34: ‘Development’ in Question
‘Development’ in Question
The 1980s and early 1990s were a turbulent period in the world of development. Gustavo Esteva's pithy declaration, You must be either very dumb or very rich if you fail to notice that development stinks’ (1987: 135), was a clarion call that drew many radical academics and activists into the charge against development. The Development Dictionary (1992), edited by Wolfgang Sachs, unleashed a powerful set of indictments that deconstructed the edifice of development and revealed its exercise of knowledge as power. Radical critics claimed that development was not simply an instrument of economic control over much of the non-Western world, but an invention and strategy produced by the First World’ about the underdevelopment’ of the Third World’. It needed to ...