• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

The SAGE Handbook of Political Geography provides students of the sub-discipline with a highly contextualized and systematic overview of the latest thinking and research. Edited by key scholars, with international contributions from acknowledged authorities on the relevant research, The SAGE Handbook of Political Geography is divided into six sections: Scope and Development of Political Geography; Geographies of the State; Participation and Representation; Political Geographies of Difference; Geography, Policy, and Governance; and Global Political Geographies.

Spatial Analysis of Civil War Violence
Spatial analysis of civil war violence
Introduction

At the beginning of the twenty-first-century, 19 wars continue; they have caused displacement of over 20 million refugees and migrants (Moore and Shellman, 2004; SIPRI, 2004). Some conflicts are enormous in geographic scope, involving numerous countries, and many are very destructive. The wars of the Democratic Republic of the Congo between 1999 and 2004 resulted in over 3 million lives lost. Furthermore, the negative effects of conflicts persist long after the end of the fighting. Wars increase the effects of infectious diseases, such as AIDS, through shifting of government expenditures from basic needs to the military and to destruction of health-care infrastructure and traditional family coping mechanisms. Overall, the World Health Organization estimates that ...

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