• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

The SAGE Handbook of Political Geography provides students of the sub-discipline with a highly contextualized and systematic overview of the latest thinking and research. Edited by key scholars, with international contributions from acknowledged authorities on the relevant research, The SAGE Handbook of Political Geography is divided into six sections: Scope and Development of Political Geography; Geographies of the State; Participation and Representation; Political Geographies of Difference; Geography, Policy, and Governance; and Global Political Geographies.

Democracy and Democratization
Democracy and democratization
Introduction

In December 2004, Freedom House released its annual survey of democracy in nations around the world. For this survey, Freedom House collects a wealth of information related to civil liberties and political rights associated with democracy, and combines them into summary evaluations of ‘free’, ‘partially free’, and ‘not free’. The results were in, and Russia was declared to be no longer free. News reports focused on the retrenchment of democratic institutions in Russia, and commentators pondered what this meant for democracy around the world.

In January 2005, and then again in October and December of that year, Iraqis went to the polls to elect the people who would write the country's new constitution and serve as its initial leaders. News reports ...

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