Cognition is defined by Gage and Berliner (1992) as “all the ways in which people think”. As can be inferred from this definition, that terminology encompasses a broad range of constructs that affect student learning. The cognitive strategies and processes that are used to facilitate learning are critical components in the study of learner cognition (Pintrich and Garcia, 1991). In educational research literature, the term cognition is generally used interchangeably with thought processes (Peterson, 1988; Wittrock, 1986b). A wide range of thought processes and cognitive strategies have been studied in an effort to better understand how teachers and other practitioners can best structure the learning environment to facilitate student engagement in the content that will foster learning. Individuals engage in a wide ...