- Subject index
A definitive, authoritative and up-to-date resource for anyone interested in the theories, models and assessment methods used for understanding the many factes of Human personality and individual differences. Volume 1: Personality Theories and Models deals with the major theoretical models underlying personality instruments.
Chapter 25: Motivational Traits: New Directions and Measuring Motives with the Multi-Motive Grid (MMG)
Motivational Traits: New Directions and Measuring Motives with the Multi-Motive Grid (MMG)
Traits have been conceptualized as stable habits or styles that consistently characterize a person's behavior (Maddi, 1980), as enduring dispositions that have affective, behavioral, or attitudinal aspects (Costa and McCrae, 1980), and as ‘stylistic and habitual patterns of cognition, affect, and behavior’ (Emmons, 1989: 32). To describe stylistic patterns of behavior, most trait theorists recommend the five-factor model (FFM) of personality (Tupes and Christal, 1992), which identifies the traits of neuroticism, extraversion, openness to experience, agreeableness, and conscientiousness as the general building blocks of personality (Costa and McCrae, 1992). Such traditional conceptions of traits are primarily concerned with the ‘how’ of behavior, ...