Handbook of Party Politics
Publication Year: 2006
The Handbook of Party Politics is the first book to comprehensively map the state-of-the-art in contemporary party politics scholarship. This major new work brings together the world's leading party theorists to provide an unrivalled resource on the role of parties in the pressing contemporary problems of institutional design and democratic governance today.
- Front Matter
- Subject Index
Part 1: Definition of Party
- Chapter 2: What is a Political Party?
- Chapter 3: The Nineteenth-Century Origins of Modern Political Parties: The Unwanted Emergence of Party-Based Politics
- Chapter 4: Party Origins and Evolution in the United States
- Chapter 5: Party in Democratic Theory
- Chapter 6: Political Parties and Deliberative Democracy?
- Chapter 7: Party Systems and Party System Types
- Chapter 8: Party System Change
Part 2: Functions of Party
- Chapter 9: Political Parties as Mechanisms of Social Choice
- Chapter 10: Recruitment
- Chapter 11: Candidate Selection: Methods and Consequences
- Chapter 12: Political Parties in a Changing Campaign Environment
- Chapter 13: On the Cusp of Change: Party Finance in the United States
- Chapter 14: Political Parties, American Campaigns, and Effects on Outcomes
- Chapter 15: Parties and Government: Features of Governing in Representative Democracies
- Chapter 16: Parties into Government: Still Many Puzzles
- Chapter 17: Party Patronage and Party Colonization of the State
- Chapter 18: Exceptionalism in the United States
- Chapter 19: Party System Institutionalization and Party System Theory after the Third Wave of Democratization
- Chapter 20: Party Politics in Post-Communist Transition
- Chapter 21: Party, Ethnicity and Democratization in Africa
Part 3: Party Organization
- Chapter 22: Party Models
- Chapter 23: American Exceptionalism
- Chapter 24: Movement Parties
- Chapter 25: Political Parties as Multi-Level Organizations
- Chapter 26: Party Membership and Participation
- Chapter 27: Electoral Mobilization in the United States
- Chapter 28: Professional Staff in Political Parties
- Chapter 29: Party Crashers? The Relationship between Political Consultants and Political Parties
Part 4: Party and Society
- Chapter 30: Party and Social Structure
- Chapter 31: Cleavages
- Chapter 32: Political Parties and Social Capital, Political Parties or Social Captial
- Chapter 33: Political Parties and Social Structure in the Developing World
- Chapter 34: Political Parties and Other Organizations
- Chapter 35: Clientelism and Party Politics
- Chapter 36: Party as a Carrier of Ideas
- Chapter 37: Identifying Dimensions and Locating Parties: Methodological and Conceptual Problems
Part 5: Parties and the State
- Chapter 38: Party Law
- Chapter 39: Regulation of Party Finance
- Chapter 40: Legal Regulation and Protection of American Parties
- Chapter 41: Party States and State Parties
Part 6: Parties in the Future
Introduction © Richard S. Katz and William Crotty 2006
Chapter 2 © Susan E. Scarrow 2006
Chapter 4 © Richard S. Katz 2006
Chapter 6 © Steven B. Wolinetz 2006
Chapter 9 © Pippa Norris 2006
Chapter 11 © David M. Farrell 2006
Chapter 13 © Brian J. Brox and Daron R. Shaw 2006
Chapter 15 © Lieven De Winter and Patrick Dumont 2006
Chapter 17 © Nicol C. Rae 2006
Chapter 19 © Zsolt Enyedi 2006
Chapter 21 © Andr Krouwel 2006
Chapter 23 © Herbert Kitschelt 2006
Chapter 25 © Knut Heidar 2006
Chapter 27 © Paul Webb and Robin Kolodny 2006
Chapter 29 © Peter M. Siavelis 2006
Chapter 31 © Eric M. Uslaner 2006
Chapter 33 © Thomas Poguntke 2006
Chapter 35 © Francesca Vassallo and Clyde Wilcox 2006
Chapter 37 © Wolfgang C. Müller and Ulrich Sieberer 2006
Chapter 39 © Daniel H. Lowenstein 2006
Chapter 42 © Robert Ladrech 2006
Chapter 44 © Holli A. Semetko 2006
Chapter 1 © John Kenneth White 2006
Chapter 3 © William Crotty 2006
Chapter 5 © James Johnson 2006
Chapter 7 © Peter Mair 2006
Chapter 8 © Marjorie Randon Hershey 2006
Chapter 10 © Reuven Y. Hazan and Gideon Rahat 2006
Chapter 12 © John Green 2006
Chapter 14 © Hans Keman 2006
Chapter 16 © Wolfgang C. Mller 2006
Chapter 18 © Scott Mainwaring and Mariano Torcal 2006
Chapter 20 © Shaheen Mozaffar 2006
Chapter 22 © Alan Ware 2006
Chapter 24 © Kris Deschouwer 2006
Chapter 26 © James W. Endersby, John Petrocik and Daron R. Shaw 2006
Chapter 28 © David A. Dulio 2006
Chapter 30 © Peter Mair 2006
Chapter 32 © Vicky Randall 2006
Chapter 34 © Jonathan Hopkin 2006
Chapter 36 © Ian Budge 2006
Chapter 38 © Karl-Heinz Nassmacher 2006
Chapter 40 © Paul G. Lewis 2006
Chapter 41 © Kay Lawson 2006
Chapter 43 © William Crotty 2006
Chapter 45 © Helen Margetts 2006
First published 2006
Apart from any fair dealing for the purposes of research or private study, or criticism or review, as permitted under the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act, 1988, this publication may be reproduced, stored or transmitted in any form, or by any means, only with the prior permission in writing of the publishers, or in the case of reprographic reproduction, in accordance with the terms of licences issued by the Copyright Licensing Agency. Enquiries concerning reproduction outside those terms should be sent to the publishers.
SAGE Publications Ltd
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SAGE Publications Inc.
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British Library Cataloguing in Publication data
A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library
ISBN 0 7619 4314 5
Library of Congress Control Number 2005928697
Typeset by C&M Digitals (P) Ltd, Chennai, India
Printed on paper from sustainable resources
Printed in Great Britain by Cromwell Press Ltd, Trowbridge, Wiltshire
The Handbook is designed to:
- provide an invaluable survey of the major theories and approaches in this dynamic area of study and research
- give students and researchers a concise ‘road map’ to the core literatures in all the sub-fields of party related theorizing and research
- identify the theories, approaches and topics that define the current ‘cutting edge’ of the field
The Handbook is comparative in overall approach, but also addresses some topics to be tackled in nationally or regionally specific ways. The resulting collaboration has brought together the world's leading party theorists to provide an unrivalled resource on the role of parties in the pressing contemporary problems of institutional design and democratic governance today.
Political parties are indispensable to democracy and a central subject of research and study in political science around the world. This major new Handbook is the first to comprehensively map the state-of-the-art in contemporary party politics scholarship.
‘This thoughtful and wide-ranging review of parties and party research contains contributions from many of the foremost party scholars and is a must for all library shelves’-Keele University,
‘The study of political parties has never been livelier and this genuinely international Handbook–theoretically rich, comparatively informed, and focused on important questions–defines the field. This volume is both an indispensable summary of what we know and the starting point for future research’-University of British Columbia,
‘Political parties are ubiquitous, but their forms and functions vary greatly from regime to regime, from continent to continent, and from era to era. The Handbook of Party Politics captures this variation and richness in impressive ways. The editors have assembled an excellent team, and the scope of the volume is vast and intriguing’-University of California, San Diego,
The editors would like to thank Lucy Robinson and David Mainwaring of Sage Publications, London, who sponsored this project, and who have attended with dispatch and good humor to the numerous organizational problems inherent in any book with so many contributors.
Richard S. Katz would like to thank the staff of the Political Science Department at Johns Hopkins, and would especially like to thank Judith Katz for her editorial assistance and enormous patience.
William Crotty would like to recognize the work of Ben Lampe, Amy Richey, Jenniter Hackbush and Alisa Houghton in particular, of the Center for the Study of Democracy at Northeastern University for their assistance in developing this book.
Most of all, the editors are indebted to the authors for their efforts toward what we feel is an important contribution to the understanding of institutions that have served democratic ends extraordinarily well.
List of Contributors[Page x]
Brian J. Brox is Assistant Professor of Political Science, Department of Political Science, Tulane University, USA.
Ian Budge is Research Professor at the Department of Government, University of Essex, UK.
Kris Deschouwer is Professor of Political Science at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Belgium.
Lieven De Winter is Professor and Director of the Centre de Politique Comparée at the Université Catholique de Louvain, Belgium.
David A. Dulio is Assistant Professor of Political Science, Department of Political Science, Oakland University, USA.
Patrick Dumont is Researcher at the Université du Luxembourg, Luxembourg and a member of the Centre de Politique Comparée at the Université Catholique de Louvain, Belgium.
James W. Endersby is Associate Professor of Political Science, Department of Political Science, University of Missouri, USA.
Zsolt Enyedi is Associate Professor of Political Science at the Department of Political Science, Central European University, Hungary.
David M. Farrell is Professor and Head of Government, International Politics and Philosophy at the University of Manchester, UK.
John C. Green is Distinguished Professor of Political Science and Director of the Ray C. Bliss Institute of Applied Politics at the University of Akron, USA.
Reuven Y. Hazan is Senior lecturer in the Department of Political Science at The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel.[Page xi]
Knut Heidar is Professor of Political Science, Department of Political Science, University of Oslo, Norway.
Marjorie Randon Hershey is Professor of Political Science at the Department of Political Science, Indiana University, Bloomington, USA.
Jonathan Hopkin is Lecturer in Comparative Politics, Department of Government, London School of Economics and Political Science, UK.
James Johnson is Associate Professor in the Department of Political Science, University of Rochester, USA.
Hans Keman is Professor of Comparative Political Science at the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, the Netherlands, and Visiting Professor at the European University Institute, Florence, Italy.
Herbert Kitschelt is George V. Allen Professor of International Relations in the Political Science Department at Duke University, USA.
Robin Kolodny is Associate Professor at the Department of Political Science, Temple University, USA.
André Krouwel is Lecturer in Comparative Politics at the Department of Political Science, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
Robert Ladrech is Senior Lecturer in Politics at the School of Politics, International Relations and the Environment, Keele University, UK.
Kay Lawson is Professor Emerita at San Francisco State University, USA.
Paul G. Lewis is Professor of European Politics in the Faculty of Social Sciences, Open University, UK.
Daniel H. Lowenstein is Professor of Law at the University of California, Los Angeles, USA.
Scott Mainwaring is Director of the Helen Kellogg Institute for International Studies and Eugene and Helen Conley Chair in Political Science, University of Notre Dame, USA.
Peter Mair is Professor of Comparative Politics at the European University Institute, Florence, Italy, and at Leiden University, the Netherlands.[Page xii]
Helen Margetts is Professor of Society and the Internet in the Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford, UK.
Shaheen Mozaffar is Professor of Political Science in the Department of Political Science, Bridgewater State College, USA.
Wolfgang C. Müller is Professor of Comparative Government at the University of Mannheim and currently Director of the Mannheim Centre of European Social Research (MZES), Germany.
Karl-Heinz Nassmacher is Professor of Political Science at the Institute of Political Science, Carl von Ossietzky Universität Oldenburg, Germany.
Pippa Norris is the McGuire Lecturer in Comparative Politics at the John F. Kennedy School of Government and the Government Department, Harvard University, USA.
John R. Petrocik is Professor of Political Science and Chair of the Department, University of Missouri-Columbia, USA.
Thomas Poguntke is Professor of Political Science and Director of the Institute for German Studies, University of Birmingham, UK.
Nicol C. Rae is Professor of Political Science at Florida International University, Miami, USA.
Gideon Rahat is Lecturer in the Department of Political Science at The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel.
Vicky Randall is Professor in the Department of Government, University of Essex, UK.
Susan E. Scarrow is Associate Professor of Political Science, Department of Political Science, University of Houston, USA.
Holli A. Semetko is Vice Provost for International Affairs, Director of the Claus M. Halle Institute for Global Learning and Professor of Political Science at Emory University in Atlanta, USA.
Daron R. Shaw is Associate Professor of Government at the University of Texas at Austin, USA.
Peter M. Siavelis is Associate Professor of Political Science at Wake Forest University, USA.[Page xiii]
Ulrich Sieberer is Lecturer in Political Science, Department of Social Sciences, University of Mannheim, Germany.
Mariano Torcal is Professor and Chair of the Department of Political and Social Sciences of the Pompeu Fabra University, Barcelona, Spain.
Eric M. Uslaner is Professor of Government and Politics at the University of Maryland, College Park, USA.
Francesca Vassallo is Assistant Professor of Political Science, Department of Political Science, University of Southern Maine, USA.
Alan Ware is Professor and Tutor in Politics, Worcester College, Oxford University, UK.
Paul Webb is Professor of Politics, School of Social Sciences and Cultural Studies, University of Sussex, UK.
John Kenneth White is Professor of Politics at the Catholic University of America, Washington, DC, USA.
Clyde Wilcox is Professor of Government at Georgetown University, Washington, DC, USA.
Steven B. Wolinetz is Professor of Political Science at Memorial University of Newfoundland, Canada.