The SAGE Handbook of Organizational Institutionalism
Publication Year: 2008
"It is now three decades since the "new"institutionalism burst on the intellectual scene and a most appropriate time to take stock of missteps, accomplishments, and future directions. This theoretical thrust has revitalized many scholarly arenas across the social sciences, but none more so then organization studies. Royston Greenwood and his co-editors have assembled a stellar stable of scholars who collectively provide a comprehensive assessment if this vibrant field."—W. Richard Scott, Professor Emeritus, Stanford University"Institutional theory has become the dominant conversation in organization theory. In this volume many of its leading exponents show where it is going, what it can do and how it engages with related fields."—Stewart Clegg, Aston Business School and University of Technology, Sydney"This Handbook is "must reading" for any organization and management ...
- Front Matter
- Subject Index
- Section I: Foundational Themes
- Chapter 1: Legitimacy in Organizational Institutionalism
- Chapter 2: Isomorphism, Diffusion and Decoupling
- Chapter 3: Institutional Logics
- Chapter 4: Organizational Fields: Past, Present and Future
- Section II: Institutional Dynamics
- Chapter 5: The Work of Meanings in Institutional Processes and Thinking
- Chapter 6: Power, Institutions and Organizations
- Chapter 7: Institutional Entrepreneurship
- Chapter 8: Circulating Ideas: Imitation, Translation and Editing
- Chapter 9: Organizational Implications of Institutional Pluralism
- Chapter 10: Microfoundations of Institutional Theory
- Chapter 11: Institutions and Transnationalization
- Section III: Applications
- Chapter 12: Traditions as Institutionalized Practice: Implications for Deinstitutionalization
- Chapter 13: New Forms as Settlements
- Chapter 14: Social Movements and Failed Institutionalization: Corporate (Non) Response to the AIDS Epidemic
- Chapter 15: Institutions and Corporate Governance
- Section IV: Interfaces
- Chapter 16: Beyond Constraint: How Institutions Enable Identities
- Chapter 17: Institutionalism and the Professions
- Chapter 18: Institutionalism and Globalization Studies
- Chapter 19: Organizational Institutionalism and Sociology: A Reflection
- Chapter 20: Coalface Institutionalism
- Chapter 21: New Sociology of Knowledge: Historical Legacy and Contributions to Current Debates in Institutional Research
- Chapter 22: Systems Theory, Societal Contexts, and Organizational Heterogeneity
- Chapter 23: Charting Progress at the Nexus of Institutional Theory and Economics
- Chapter 24: Ecologists and Institutionalists: Friends or Foes?
- Chapter 25: Networks and Institutions
- Chapter 26: Institutional-Level Learning: Learning as a Source of Institutional Change
- Chapter 27: Social Movements and Institutional Analysis
- Chapter 28: Examining ‘Institutionalization’: A Critical Theoretic Perspective
- Chapter 29: Taking Social Construction Seriously: Extending the Discursive Approach in Institutional Theory
- Chapter 30: Institutional Leadership: Past, Present, and Future
- Section V: Reflections
- Chapter 31: Is the New Institutionalism a Theory?
- Chapter 32: How to Misuse Institutions and Get Away with It: Some Reflections on Institutional Theory(ies)
- Chapter 33: Been there, Done that, Moving On: Reflections on Institutional Theory's Continuing Evolution
- Chapter 34: Reflections on Institutional Theories of Organizations
© Sage Publications 2008
First published 2008
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Notes on Contributors[Page viii]
Peter Anderson is a former doctoral student in management and organization at the Ross School of Business at the University of Michigan. His research is focused on the relationship between shared leadership and members' perceptions of their value to an organization. He is currently pursuing his Masters in Education to teach social studies at the secondary level.
Stephen R. Barley is Charles M. Pigott Professor of Management Science and Engineering, Co-Director of the Center for Work, Technology and Organization at Stanford's School of Engineering and Co-Director of the Stanford/General Motors Collaborative Research Laboratory. He has previously edited the Administrative Science Quarterly, and was founding editor of the Stanford Social Innovation Review. He edited Between Craft and Science: Technical Work in the United States (Cornell University Press, 1997), and recently published (with Gideon Kunda) the book Gurus, Hired Guns and Warm Bodies: Itinerant Experts in the Knowledge Economy (Princeton University Press).
Nicole Woolsey Biggart is Professor of Management and Sociology, and holds the Jerome J. and Elsie Suran Chair in Technology Management at the University of California, Davis. She is currently serving as Dean of the Graduate School of Management. Nicole is interested in the institutional structure of economic relations and has studied the direct selling industry, family firms and business groups in Asia, and microcredit lending. While her empirical interests have been varied she has largely approached analysis from a Weberian institutional perspective and grounds her work historically. She has also written extensively on institutional theory.
Emily Block is a Ph.D candidate at the University of Illinois at Champaign-Urbana. Her research focuses on how organizations actively shape institutions and promote field-level change. Her doctoral dissertation explores the process through which industry associations and non-governmental organizations facilitate and direct the emergence of self-regulatory governance institutions related to sustainable forestry practices.
Kimberly B. Boal is Rawls Professor of Management at the Rawls College of Business, Texas Tech University. He was Co-Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Management Inquiry (1997–2006). He served on the Board of Governors of the Academy of Management from 2001 to 2004, and as President of the Western Academy of Management in 1998–2000. He was twice awarded the Joan G. Dahl Presidential Award by the Western Academy of Management. His research on worker attitudes and motivation, leadership, organizational change, strategic planning, mergers and acquisitions, and corporate social responsibility has been published in Academy of Management Executive, Academy of Management Review, Administrative Science Quarterly, Journal of Management, Leadership Quarterly, and Strategic Management Journal, and books.
Eva Boxenbaum is Assistant Professor in the Department of Organization at Copenhagen Business School, where she is also a member of the Centre for Management Studies of the Building Process. The focus of her research is on the institutionalization of innovative management practices, in particular, how management practices are translated, implemented, and sometimes [Page ix]decoupled when they are brought into new national contexts. Her regional areas of expertise are Canada, Denmark, France, Quebec and the United States. Most of her empirical work is comparative in scope and spans multiple levels of analysis, the aim being to shed light on processes of institutionalization. She has published in Strategic Organization, Journal of Business Strategies, American Behavioral Scientist and in several international anthologies.
David Chandler is a Ph.D candidate in organization theory and strategy at the University of Texas at Austin. His broad area of research interest lies at the intersection between the organization and its institutional environment. Specifically, he is interested in change processes of organizational adoption, learning, and imitation. He is also interested in the strategic implications of corporate social responsibility and firm/stakeholder relations. His publications in this area include the textbook Strategic Corporate Social Responsibility (Sage, December 2005).
Jeannette A. Colyvas is an assistant professor in learning and organizational change at Northwestern University's School of Education and Social Policy. Her research interests include organizations and entrepreneurship, comparing public, private, and non-profit forms of organizing, and institutional change. Colyvas' work examines the relationship between institutions and resources, practices and their meanings, and how social and technical categories develop and become institutionalized. Her current research examines university-industry interfaces, focusing on the translation of basic science into commercial application and its ramifications for careers, identities, and public science.
David J. Cooper is the CGA Chair in Accounting at the University of Alberta and Director of the Ph.D program for the School of Business. He has written or edited seven books and over 70 articles (in journals such as Accounting, Organizations and Society, Administrative Science Quarterly, and Organization Studies). He is a joint editor of Critical Perspectives on Accounting, and serves on the editorial boards of seven other journals. His current research examines the development and implementation of strategic performance measurement systems in multinational organizations, as well as the emerging systems of global regulation of professional accountants.
Barbara Czarniawska holds a Chair in Management Studies at GRI, School of Business, Economics and Law, Göteborg University, Sweden. Her recent publications in English are A Tale of Three Cities (2002), Narratives in Social Science Research (2004) and A Theory of Organizing (2008). She edited Global Ideas (with Guje Sevón, 2005), ANT and Organizing (with Tor Hernes, 2005), Organization Theory (2006) and Management Education & Humanities (with Pasquale Gagliardi, 2006).
Peter A. Dacin is Kraft Professor of Marketing at the Queen's School of Business, Queen's University, Canada. His research areas include corporate reputation and identity, consumer judgment formation, and sociological approaches to understanding communication and consumption. He is currently working on several projects focused on understanding communication and coordination effects between marketing organizations and various types of consumption communities. His work has been published in a variety of academic journals, including the Journal of Marketing, Journal of Marketing Research, Journal of Consumer Research, Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, and the Journal of Business Research.
M. Tina Dacin is the E. Marie Shantz Professor of Strategy and Organizational Behavior in the Queen's School of Business, Queen's University, Canada. Her research interests include [Page x]institutional change, organizational traditions, social entrepreneurship and partner selection in alliances. She is currently working on several projects that examine the intersection between culture and institutions. Her work has been published in the Academy of Management Journal, Academy of Management Review, Accounting, Organizations, and Society, Journal of Management, Journal of World Business, Organization Science, and the Strategic Management Journal.
Robert David (Ph.D, Cornell University) is Associate Professor of Strategy & Organization and Cleghorn Faculty Scholar at the Desautels Faculty of Management of McGill University. He is also Director of the Center for Strategy Studies in Organization at McGill. He studies the evolution of industries and organizational forms from an institutional perspective. Robert has published articles in Research Policy, Strategic Management Journal, Academy of Management Journal, and Organization Science.
Gerald Davis is Wilbur K. Pierpont Collegiate Professor of Management at the Ross School of Business and Professor of Sociology, the University of Michigan. His research examines the influence of politics and social networks on the institutions of corporate governance and the effects of financial globalization on social structure and politics. Recent books include Organizations and Organizing: Rational, Natural, and Open System Perspectives (with W. Richard Scott) and Social Movements and Organization Theory (co-edited with Doug McAdam, W. Richard Scott, and Mayer Zald).
John N. Davis recently completed his Ph.D in leadership at Texas Tech University and is currently on the faculty at Coastal Carolina University. In June 2008, he will move to the Kelley College of Business at Hardin-Simmons University to become an assistant professor of management. His research examines how leaders change over time, with special emphasis on charisma.
David Deephouse is an Associate Professor in the Department of Strategic Management and Organization at the University of Alberta School of Business. He received his Ph.D from the Carlson School of Management at the University of Minnesota. His research interests include legitimacy, reputation, and organizational similarity, especially on the media's role in them.
Brian Dick is a Ph.D candidate in the Department of Sociology at the University of California, Davis. His research interests include social theory, the philosophy of the social sciences, organization studies, and science and technology studies. He is currently working on his dissertation, which consists of a historical and sociological analysis of the proliferation of superstring theory among physics departments. This work develops the concept of scientific legitimacy drawing on ideas current in organization studies and science and technology studies.
Marie-Laure Djelic is Professor at ESSEC Business School, Paris. Her research interests range from the role of professions and social networks in the transnational diffusion of rules and practices to the historical transformation of national institutions. She is the author of Exporting the American Model (Oxford University Press, 1998), which obtained the 2000 Max Weber Award from the American Sociological Association. She has edited, together with Sigrid Quack, Globalization and Institutions (Edward Elgar, 2003) and together with Kerstin Sahlin-Andersson, Transnational Governance (Cambridge University Press, 2006).
Gili S. Drori is a lecturer in Stanford University's International Relations Program and Director of the IR Honors Program. Her research interests include the comparative study of science, social progress and rationalization, globalization, and governance. Her interests on world [Page xi]culture, global health, technology entrepreneurship, and higher education have appeared in her books: Science in the Modern World Polity: Institutionalization and Globalization (2003, co-authored with John W. Meyer, Francisco O. Ramirez and Evan Schofer), Global E-litism: Digital Technology, Social Inequality, and Transnationality (2005), and World Society and the Expansion of Formal Organization (2006, co-edited with John W. Meyer and Hokyu Hwang).
Mahmoud Ezzamel is Cardiff Professorial Fellow, Cardiff University. His main research interests are in the areas of the interface between social theory and organization analysis, with particular emphasis on accounting practice. He has published papers in Administrative Science Quarterly, Academy of Management Journal, Accounting, Organizations and Society, Organization Studies, Journal of Management Studies, Organization, as well as in other leading accounting and management journals.
Mary L. Fennell is Professor and Chair of the Department of Sociology at Brown University. She coauthored (with Richard Warnecke) the book The Diffusion of Medical Innovation: An Applied Network Approach (Plenum, 1988). Her work has been published in Health Affairs, Health Services Research, Administrative Science Quarterly, the Journal of Health and Social Behavior, and the Academy of Management Journal. Her current research continues in areas of nursing home quality of care differences (with Vince Mor), cultural competence in nursing home care (with Melissa Clark), and studies of change over time in professional work, professional labor markets, and professional organizations (with Kevin Leicht; Professional Work, Blackwell 2001). She served Brown University as Dean of the Faculty from 2000 to 2004.
Peer C. Fiss is an assistant professor of strategy at the Marshall School of Business at the University of Southern California. His current research interests include corporate governance, framing and symbolic management, and the use of set-theoretic methods such as Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) in management and the social sciences. His articles have appeared in journals such as the Administrative Science Quarterly, American Sociological Review, Academy of Management Journal, Academy of Management Review, and the Strategic Management Journal.
Mary Ann Glynn is Professor of Organization Studies, Professor of Sociology, and Fellow and Research Director for the Winston Center for Leadership and Ethics at Boston College. She is the nationally elected Program Officer for the Academy of Management, Managerial and Organizational Cognition Division. Her research has been published in Academy of Management Journal, Academy of Management Review, Organization Science, Strategic Management Journal, Journal of Applied Psychology, Journal of Management Studies, Journal of Marketing, and Poetics: International Journal of Empirical Research on Art, Media, and Literature, and edited books.
Royston Greenwood (Ph.D, University of Birmingham, UK) is TELUS Professor of Strategic Management in the Department of Strategic Management and Organization, School of Business, University of Alberta. His research focuses upon the dynamics of institutional change, especially at the field-level of analysis. His favored empirical settings involve professional service firms. Recently, his research has explored how and why large professional service firms developed new organizational forms, with particular reference to how they are ‘theorized’ and thus legitimated. One paper from this research stream won the Academy of Management Journals 2006 Best Paper Award. His work has appeared in Administrative Science Quarterly, [Page xii]Academy of Management Journal, Academy of Management Review, Organization Science, and Organization Studies. He is a founding co-editor of Strategic Organization.
Cynthia Hardy is Professor of Management at the University of Melbourne and co-director of the International Centre for Research on Organizational Discourse, Strategy & Change. Her recent research includes a focus on institutional entrepreneurship and institutional change from a discursive perspective, and has been published in Academy of Management Journal, Academic of Management Review. She has also co-edited a special issue of Organization Studies on institutional entrepreneurship. Other research interests revolve around the study of power and politics in organizations, organizational discourse theory, and critical discourse analysis. She has published Discourse Analysis: Investigating Processes of Social Construction, as well as co-editing a special issue of Organization Studies on organizational discourse and the Sage Handbook of Organizational Discourse. In total, she has written over 60 journal articles and book chapters; and published twelve books and edited volumes.
Raimund Hasse is associate professor for Sociology, Organization and Knowledge at the University of Lucerne, Switzerland. His research interests include organization theory and new institutionalism. His book Wohlfahrtspolitik und Globalisierung (2003) deals with the interplay of organizational and political changes. Other publications have dealt with changes in the organization of work, with organizational impacts of new technologies, and with issues of innovation. Currently, Raimund Hasse is conducting a research project that investigates the formation of new organizations.
Pamela Haunschild is the Herbert D. Kelleher/MCorp Professor of Business as well as Chair of the Department of Management at the McCombs School of Business, University of Texas-Austin. Her research involves studying organizational (and inter-organizational) learning processes, especially how and under what circumstances organizations learn from their errors. She is also interested in issues related to networks and corporate governance as well as how governance decisions are affected by network information and influence. Her work has been published in several key management journals, including Administrative Science Quarterly, Organization Science, and Management Science.
Heather A. Haveman is Professor of Sociology and Organizational Behavior at the University of California, Berkeley. Her research investigates organizations' responses to shifting internal and external conditions, the impact of organizational change on performance and survival, and the consequences of organizational structures and dynamics for employees' careers and the composition of organizations' work forces. She has published in Administrative Science Quarterly, the American Sociological Review, the American Journal of Sociology, the Academy of Management Journal, and Organization Science.
Bob Hinings is Professor Emeritus in the Department of Strategic Management and Organization and Senior Research Fellow in the Center for Entrepreneurship and Family Enterprise, School of Business, University of Alberta. He is currently carrying out research into health care organization. He is also involved in research into the organization of the Canadian wine industry. All of his research is concerned with organizational change.
Paul Hirsch is the Allen Professor of Strategy and Organization at Northwestern University's Kellogg School of Management. He has received the “Distinguished Scholar” award from the [Page xiii]Academy of Management's Division of Organization and Management Theory. He has also served as Chair of this division, and on the boards of the American Sociological Association's Sections on Economic Sociology, and Organizations, Occupations and Work. His early study of “Organizational Effectiveness and the Institutional Environment” helped expand the field's traditional focus on firms, to include industries and organizational fields, political economy and regulation. He remains interested in the changes wrought by deregulation and similar institutional failures as the collapse of the Savings and Loan industry and, more recently, the large-scale losses suffered by lenders and borrowers connected to the wide-spread failure of subprime mortgage loans.
Andrew (Andy) Hoffman is Holcim (US) Professor of Sustainable Enterprise at the University of Michigan. He has published five books and over fifty articles and book chapters on environmental and social issues as they relate to business. He recently published the report Getting Ahead of the Curve: Corporate Strategies that Address Climate Change with the Pew Center on Global Climate Change. His book From Heresy to Dogma was awarded the 2001 Rachel Carson Prize. He serves on the editorial board of Organization & Environment. His research deals with the nature and dynamics of change within institutional and cultural systems and he applies that research towards understanding the cultural and managerial implications of environmental protection and sustainability for industry.
Stefan Jonsson is currently a researcher at Uppsala University, Sweden. His research centers on the interaction of norms, the spread of ideas and market structures. His earlier work centers on norms that guide competitive behavior across firms and how these can lead to a systematic undervaluation of the use of some new practices. More recently, he has focused on the role that media plays in the structuring of markets and the spread of bad reputation.
Martin Kenney is a professor in the Department of Human and Community Development at the University of California, Davis, and a senior project director at the Berkeley Roundtable on the International Economy. He has been interested in the processes by which entrepreneurs commercialize new technical developments, and through this process, enact new industries. Of particular interest to him are the mechanisms by which regions develop institutions to support entrepreneurial activity and the geography and dynamics of these support networks. His recent research is in three areas: the evolution of the venture capital industry in the U.S. and globally, the entrepreneurial support networks and genealogies of entrepreneurship in regions, and the emergence of India as a leader in offshore service provision.
Matt Kraatz (Ph.D, Northwestern University) is an associate professor in the Department of Business Administration at the University of Illinois. His scholarly interests include organizational adaptation, governance, identity, leadership, and other institutional processes. His research has been published in the Academy of Management Journal, the Strategic Management Journal, Organization Science, and the American Sociological Review.
Georg Krücken (Ph.D, Bielefeld University, Germany) is professor of Science Organization, Higher Education and Science Management at the German University of Administrative Sciences in Speyer. After studying sociology, philosophy, and political sciences at Bielefeld University and the University of Bologna, he worked as an associate professor at Bielefeld until 2006. From 1999 to 2001 he was a visiting scholar at the Department of Sociology at Stanford University. He taught as a guest professor at the Institute for Science Studies, University of Vienna, and at the Centre de Sociologie des Organisations, Sciences Po, Paris. His research interests include [Page xiv]science studies, organizational studies, the management of higher education, and neo-institutional theory.
Thomas B. Lawrence (Ph.D, University of Alberta) is Weyerhaeuser Professor of Change Management, and Director of the CMA Center for Strategic Change and Performance Measurement at Simon Fraser University in Vancouver, Canada. After receiving his doctorate in 1993 he was on the faculty of the University of Victoria until 2002. His research focuses on the dynamics of power, change and institutions in organizations and organizational fields.
Kevin T. Leicht is Professor of Sociology, Director of the Social Science Research Center, and co-Director of the Institute for Inequality Studies at The University of Iowa. He is editor of Research in Social Stratification and Mobility. His research examines the relationship between globalization and economic development, and their relationship to the production of social inequality. His work has appeared in The American Sociological Review, American Journal of Sociology, Social Forces, and The Academy of Management Journal.
Michael Lounsbury is Associate Professor of Strategic Management and Organization at the University of Alberta School of Business and the National Institute of Nanotechnology. His research focuses on the relationship between organizational and institutional change, entrepreneurial dynamics, and the emergence of new industries and practices. He has published research on topics such as social movement activism and the construction of the recycling industry, and the professionalization of money managers in the mutual fund industry. He is currently investigating the co-evolution of nanoscience and nanotechnology. Professor Lounsbury serves on a number of editorial boards and his work has been published in Administrative Science Quarterly, Academy of Management Journal, Academy of Management Review, Strategic Management Journal, and Organization Studies. In addition, he is the series editor of Research in the Sociology of Organizations, and co-editor in-chief of Journal of Management Inquiry.
Steve Maguire is Associate Professor of Strategy and Organization in the Desautels Faculty of Management at McGill University. His research focuses on institutional and technological change resulting when commercial, scientific and political struggles intersect around social or environmental issues. His doctoral dissertation draws lessons from society's experience with the insecticide DDT and was awarded the Academy of Management's ‘Organization and Natural Environment (ONE)’ Best Doctoral Dissertation Award in 2001. He has also studied the pharmaceutical industry, analysing the impact of the empowerment of people living with HIV/AIDS on the commercialization, availability and accessibility of HIV/AIDS treatments.
Namrata Malhotra is on faculty in the Tanaka Business School, Imperial College, London, UK. Her research is focused on understanding processes of organizational change, especially in professional service organizations. She has been involved in projects investigating change processes in Australian, British, and Canadian law firms. Currently, she is pursuing research examining institutional change processes in law firms.
John W. Meyer is Professor of Sociology, emeritus, at Stanford. He has contributed to organizational theory, comparative education, and the sociology of education, developing lines of thought now called sociological institutional theory. Recently, he completed a collaborative study of worldwide science and its impact on national societies (Drori, et al., Science in the[Page xv]Modern World Polity, Stanford, 2003). Another collaborative project, on the impact of globalization on organizational structures, has just been published (Drori et al., eds., Globalization and Organization, Oxford 2006). He now studies the rise and impact of the world human rights regime, world curricula of mass and higher education, and the global expansion of higher education.
Renate E. Meyer is Professor for Public Management at Wirtschaftsuniversität Wien, Austria. Her research interests include the communicative construction of institutions and related framing processes, the role of meaning in processes of institutional maintenance and change, and the conceptualization of time. Her recent work addresses translations and alignments of global management concepts to local opportunity structures, social identities, and the development of communicative institutions. Renate is particularly interested in combining qualitative and quantitative research. She is currently co-editing a volume on institutions and ideology.
William Ocasio is the John L. and Helen Kellogg Distinguished Professor of Management and Organizations at the Kellogg Graduate School of Management, Northwestern University. His research integrates institutional, cognitive, and political perspectives to explain organizational decision making and organizational change. Current research projects include examining the role of vocabularies of organizing in shaping decision making, and developing a political capital perspective on power in organizations.
Christine Oliver is the Henry J. Knowles Chair of Organizational Strategy in the Schulich School of Business at York University, Toronto. Her work has appeared in Administrative Science Quarterly, Academy of Management Review, Organization Studies, Academy of Management Journal, Advances in Strategic Management, Journal of Management Studies, Strategic Management Journal, and American Sociological Review. Christine is on the editorial board of the Journal of Management Studies, and is a past Representative-At-Large on the Academy of Management Board of Governors. Christine is past Associate Editor (1993–1996) and Editor (1996–2003) of the Administrative Science Quarterly.
Jason Owen-Smith is Assistant Professor of Sociology and Organizational Studies at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor. He is interested in institutional and organizational change, innovation, the dynamics of complex social and economic networks and the commercialization of academic research. His current project focuses on the intersection of science, technology, and commerce in academe with particular emphasis on the ramifications of patenting, licensing, and university-industry collaborations.
Donald Palmer is Professor of Organizational Behavior and Associate Dean for Research in the Graduate School of Management at the University of California, Davis. He is also Editor of Administrative Science Quarterly. He has conducted quantitative empirical studies on corporate strategy, structure, and inter-organizational relations. And he is currently embarked on a series of qualitative empirical studies of organizational wrongdoing, the first of which appeared in Management Inquiry and the second of which is in press at Research in Organizational Behavior.
Nelson Phillips is Professor of Strategy and Organizational Behaviour at Tanaka Business School, Imperial College London. His research interests include knowledge management, technology strategy, institutional theory, social entrepreneurship, management in cultural industries, and international management. He has published over 60 academic articles and book [Page xvi]chapters, including articles in the Academy of Management Journal, Academy of Management Review, Management Science, Sloan Management Review, Organization Science, Journal of Management Studies, Journal of Business Ethics, and Organization Studies. He has also written two books: one with Cynthia Hardy, Discourse Analysis (2002) and a second with Stewart Clegg and David Courpasson, Power and Organizations (2006).
Walter W. Powell is professor of education and affiliated professor of sociology, organizational behavior, management science and engineering, and communication at Stanford University. He is also an external faculty member at the Santa Fe Institute. He works in the areas of organization theory, social networks, and economic sociology. He is particularly interested in the processes through which knowledge is transferred across organizations, and the role of networks in facilitating and hindering innovation processes. With Jeannette Colyvas, he is studying the origins of organizational practices that eventually become codified and institutionalized. With Hokyu Hwang, he is studying the consequences of increased professionalization in the nonprofit sector, and its impact on civil society organizations. With Jason Owen-Smith, he is studying the evolving network and institutional structures of the life sciences field and the reshaping of the boundaries of public and private science.
Sigrid Quack is a research fellow at the Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies in Cologne. Her books include National Capitalisms, Global Competition and Economic Performance, which she edited together with Glenn Morgan and Richard Whitley, Globalization and Institutions, edited with Marie-Laure Djelic and Grenzüberschreitungen-Grenzziehungen (Edition Sigma 2006, edited in German with Ariane Berthoin Antal). She has also published articles in Cambridge Journal of Economics, Environment and Planning, International Journal of Human Resource Management, Organization, Organization Studies and Theory and Society.
Hayagreeva Rao is the Atholl McBean Professor of Organizational Behavior at the Graduate School of Business, Stanford University. He studies the social and cultural causes of organizational change.
Peter Roberts' primary research interests relate to how the behavior and performance of organizations evolve over time. He has studied these issues in diverse settings, including the pharmaceutical industry, the retail banking industry, the hotel industry, and the global wine industry. His research has been published in Academy of Management Review, American Journal of Sociology, Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, Organization Science, and Strategic Management Journal. Peter has also served on the faculties of Columbia University, Carnegie Mellon University, and the Australian Graduate School of Management.
Kerstin Sahlin is professor of management at Uppsala University. Her research interests include transnational governance, transformed public-private relations, governance of health care and universities, and the travels of management ideas. She recently edited Transnational Governance: Institutional Dynamics of Regulation (Cambridge University Press, 2006, with Marie-Laure Djelic) and The Expansion of Management Knowledge: Carriers, Flows and Sources (Stanford University Press, 2002, with Lars Engwall). She is currently the Deputy Vice-Chancellor of Uppsala University
Marc Schneiberg is the John C. Pock Professor of Sociology at Reed College. He researches variety and change in economic organization, with particular emphasis on collective and public alternatives to for-profit corporations in the American economy. He is currently completing an [Page xvii]NSF-funded study of private, public, and cooperative enterprise. His research on alternatives, organizational form, and social movements appears in Politics and Society, American Journal of Sociology, American Sociological Review, Research in the Sociology of Organizations, and Socio-Economic Review.
Mark Suchman is professor of Sociology at Brown University. His research interests center on the relationship between law and organizations, particularly the role of legal institutions in formally and informally legitimating innovation and entrepreneurship in the information technology, nanotechnology, and healthcare sectors. In addition to his work on legitimacy, he has also written on inter-organizational disputing, on the “internalization” of law within corporate bureaucracies, and on contracts as social artifacts.
Roy Suddaby is an associate professor at the Alberta School of Business. His theoretical focus is on processes of institutional change. His research has been published in Administrative Science Quarterly, Academy of Management Journal, Journal of Organizational Behavior, Accounting, Organizations and Society and Human Relations. Roy serves on the editorial boards of Administrative Science Quarterly, Academy of Management Review, Academy of Management Journal, Organization Studies, Journal of Management Studies and the Scandinavian Journal of Management. He is currently studying corporate art collections.
Patricia H. Thornton is Associate Professor of Management at Duke University Fuqua School of Business and Visiting Associate Professor at Stanford University Department of Sociology. Her interests are in organization theory, economic sociology, and entrepreneurship. Her book Markets from Culture: Institutional Logics and Organizational Decisions (2004) shows how institutional logics influence executives' discovery and development of market opportunities. She has authored reviews of entrepreneurship literature in the Annual Review of Sociology and the Handbook of Entrepreneurship Research. Currently, she is researching on how institutional logics affect innovation discovery and the strategic decision to use network relations in product development and distribution and also is comparing the long-term survival rates of internal corporate ventures with ventures founded independently.
Pamela S. Tolbert is a professor and chair of the Department of Organizational Behavior in the ILR School at Cornell University. Her research is broadly focused on processes of organizational change, the role of organizations in social stratification, and the impact of occupations on organizational structures. She has served on the editorial boards of Administrative Science Quarterly, American Sociological Review, Organization Science, Journal of Engineering and Technology Management and Sociological Forum, as the book review editor for Administrative Science Quarterly, and as an associate editor for Management Science and the Academy of Management Review.
Marvin Washington is an Associate Professor of Physical Education and Recreation with a joint appointment with the Faculty of Business at the University of Alberta. His research interest focuses on the creation and evolution of institutions and organizational fields. He has recently examined the creation and evolution of U.S. collegiate athletics and this work has been published in Academy of Management Journal, Organization Science, Organization Studies, and Journal of Sport Management.
Linda Wedlin is assistant professor and lecturer at the Department of Business Studies, Uppsala University. Her current research includes a project on transnational regulatory reform in higher education and research, a study on local academic governance in practice, and a study [Page xviii]on the restructuring of interest representation in public rule-making. Recent publications include a book, Ranking Business Schools (Edward Elgar, 2006), analyzing the role of ranking practices, as new means of evaluation and monitoring, in the structuring of the international management education field.
Hugh Willmott is Research Professor, Cardiff Business School. He has previously held full professorial appointments at the Universities of Cambridge and Manchester and visiting appointments at the Universities of Copenhagen, Lund and Cranfield. His books include
Making Quality Critical, The Re-engineering Revolution, Managing Knowledge, Management Lives, Studying Management Critically and Fragmenting Work. He is interested in developing critical analyses of diverse aspects of management and has published widely in social science and management journals. He currently is a member of the editorial boards of the Academy of Management Review, Organization Studies and Journal of Management Studies. Further details can be found on his homepage: http://dspace.dial.pipex.com/town/close/hr22/hcwhome.
Melissa Wooten is assistant professor in Sociology at the University of Massachusetts Amherst. She received her doctorate in Management and Organization from the University of Michigan in 2006. Her dissertation research focuses on change in historically black colleges after the American Civil Rights Movement. She uses institutional theory to investigate the processes leading to homogenization among historically black colleges, private Northeastern liberal art colleges, and public universities located in the American South.
Tammar B. Zilber is a lecturer in Organization Theory at the School of Business Administration, the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel. She is interested in cultural worlds within and without organizations. Using qualitative methods like ethnography, narrative analysis and discourse analysis, she explores symbolic aspects of institutional processes. Among the issues she examined in recent years were the translation of institutional meanings over time and across social spheres; the role of stories in institutional entrepreneurship; and institutional maintenance as narrative work.