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The State in Industrial Relations
The state in industrial relations

In his pioneering attempt to develop a general theory of industrial relations (IR), Dunlop (1958) defined its essence in terms of three ‘actors’ (employers and managers, workers and their representatives and governmental agencies) and three ‘contexts’ (technology, market constraints and the distribution of power in society). One might assume from this that the role of government and the impact of politics (the dynamics of power) would have figured prominently in his analysis, and that of subsequent writers who embraced his systems model. However, this was not the case. In practice the main focus of Dunlop, and most subsequent writers in the English-speaking world, was on the rules negotiated between employers and unions. Dunlop placed key explanatory ...

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