- Subject index
Identity research is at the heart of many trans-disciplinary research centers around the world. No single social science discipline `owns' identity research and The SAGE Handbook of Identities draws on a global scholarship to cover in four parts its: Frameworks: presents the main theoretical and methodological perspectives in identities research.Formations: covers the major formative forces for identities such as culture, globalization, migratory patterns, biology and so on.Categories: reviews research on the core social categories which are central to identity such as ethnicity, gender, sexuality, disability and social class and intersections between these.Sites and Context: develops a series of case studies of crucial sites and contexts where identity is at stake such as social movements, relationships and family life, work-places and environments and citizenship.
Chapter 24: Identities, Groups and Communities: The Case of Northern Ireland
Identities, Groups and Communities: The Case of Northern Ireland
Over and above the historical, political, and economic facets of ethno-political conflicts there exist distinct psychological and social components which underlie and can perpetuate intergroup tensions even after the initial causes of conflict have subsided (see Deutsch's  notion of ‘destructive conflicts’ that are likely to continue after initiating causes have become irrelevant). Central to social-psychological explanations of such conflict is the notion that people characterize their social world into ‘us’ and ‘them’ and that these group identities may afford specific meaning to individuals. Social identification processes contribute uniquely to ethno-political conflicts, in that the intractability of such conflict is often mirrored in the contested group identities, which ...