- Subject index
Identity research is at the heart of many trans-disciplinary research centers around the world. No single social science discipline `owns' identity research and The SAGE Handbook of Identities draws on a global scholarship to cover in four parts its: Frameworks: presents the main theoretical and methodological perspectives in identities research.Formations: covers the major formative forces for identities such as culture, globalization, migratory patterns, biology and so on.Categories: reviews research on the core social categories which are central to identity such as ethnicity, gender, sexuality, disability and social class and intersections between these.Sites and Context: develops a series of case studies of crucial sites and contexts where identity is at stake such as social movements, relationships and family life, work-places and environments and citizenship.
Chapter 9: Biology and Identity
Biology and Identity
In the late twentieth century, we entered the era of the genome. Biomedical researchers rapidly conceptualized individual identities in terms of DNA base sequences. Racial identity has become discernable in terms of DNA markers, tiny alterations in the sequence of letters which underlie genetic structure. Geneticists rush to identify special chromosome regions affiliated with (gay male) homosexuality and new discoveries, however tentative, become part of a social and legal discourse about what it means to be gay. In an attempt to ferret out the molecules that contribute to gender identity formation, laboratories move beyond the study of hormones into the expression of gene sequences in the embryonic brain.
Yet, even as the genomic era blossoms, a post genomic period dawns. Indeed, ...