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Howard Gospel

In: The SAGE Handbook of Human Resource Management

Chapter 2: Human Resources Management: A Historical Perspective

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Human Resources Management: A Historical Perspective
Human resources management: A historical perspective
Introduction

In this chapter, the management of human resources is broadly defined to cover three broad interconnected areas – work relations, employment relations, and industrial relations. Work relations are taken to cover the way work is organised and the deployment of workers around technologies and production systems. Employment relations deal with the arrangements governing such aspects of employment as recruitment, training, job tenure, and reward systems. Industrial relations are taken to cover the voiced aspirations of workers and institutional arrangements which may arise to address them, such as joint consultation, works councils, trade unions, and collective bargaining. The focus is therefore on human resources management (lower case), which has been an eternal phenomenon in all ...

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