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Thomas A. Kochan & Greg J. Bamber

In: The SAGE Handbook of Human Resource Management

Chapter 18: Industrial Relations and Collective Bargaining

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Industrial Relations and Collective Bargaining
Industrial relations and collective bargaining

What are industrial relations (IR)? The pioneers of the field tended to use the term in a broad and interdisciplinary sense. Then, the term covered the practice and study of all aspects of work and employment. The field has been developed from the work of Fabians Sydney and Beatrice Webb (1894, 1897) in Britain and institutional economists such as John R. Commons (1909, 1934) in the USA. On both sides of the Atlantic these public intellectuals and their associates were searching for ways to understand and influence IR in ways that distinguished their normative, theoretical, and methodological approaches from Marx (1849) on the one hand and classical or neo-classical economics (Marshall, 1920) on the other.

Since those ...

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