For a large part of the discipline's history, gender was invisible to geography. This does not mean that it did not exist, of course, but that it went unnoticed. The language of geographical scholarship and pedagogy focused upon the relationships between man and the environment, but this gendered language was silently universalised and naturalised to represent the diversity of humanity. While it was clearly the domain of men in its early years of exploration and empire, when women were barred from its institutions and societies and neglected as a subject of study in their own right, once into the twentieth century geography still appeared to be gender-neutral in focus and topics. This was either because of the presumed ‘factual’ nature of both regional and ...