Characterizing the ways in which legislation is made in the European Union is a complicated business. Different decision rules apply in different policy domains and the full array of legislative procedures can be bewildering for the uninitiated. The balance of power between the principal institutions varies under each legislative procedure, necessitating different strategies and imposing different bargaining requirements on the main actors. An exhaustive account of legislative politics in the European Union (EU) is beyond the scope of a single chapter; the details of the various legislative processes are admirably documented in several texts (for comprehensive accounts see Nugent 2003; Hix 2005; Wallace et al. 2005). Rather, this chapter aims to examine some of the more recent controversies that have arisen in ...