• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

The European Union (EU) poses quite profound questions for scholars and students of the social and political sciences. This benchmark Handbook is designed to provide an authoritative state-of-the art guide to the scope of the field suitable for both established scholars and students of the EU; reflect and contribute to the debates about the nature of the field of EU studies and EU politics in particular; and explore in detail the development of the many approaches to the study of EU politics. Divided into four sections, the Handbook focuses on theorizing European integration; the EU as polity; politics and policy making in the EU; and the EU and the international system.

New Modes of Governance in the European Union: A Critical Survey and Analysis
New modes of governance in the European Union: A critical survey and analysis
Introduction

The emergence in the European Union of new modes of governance (NMG) such as the Open Method of Coordination (OMC) has produced a flurry of analyses concerning its nature and significance.1 This extensive literature falls into four broad categories. A theoretical approach seeks to explain why such methods emerged and locates them in existing theories of European integration, policy-making and institutional change (for instance, Magnus Johansson 1999; Ioannou and Niemann 2003; Wessels 2003; Schafer 2004). Then there is a strongly normative approach that extols the non-hierarchical, deliberative virtues of new modes of governance and ‘soft’ law and prioritizes the potential ...

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