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Judicial Politics
Judicial politics

Scholarly interest in European Union (EU) judicial politics emerged with the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) and expanded dramatically with the Single European Act (SEA). As a supranational court, the Court of Justice of the European Communities (ECJ) attracted the attention of legal and political observers who were curious to assess the prospects for transcending sovereignty. Early accounts of the role of law were not optimistic (Scheingold 1965, 1971), however, and when the momentum of integration slowed in the 1970s, political scientists abandoned the study of the ECJ altogether. Meanwhile, legal scholarship uncovered a transformation of European law: the Treaty of Rome functioned as a constitution since it conferred rights and obligations on individuals and states alike and reigned supreme over ...

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