- Subject index
The European Union (EU) poses quite profound questions for scholars and students of the social and political sciences. This benchmark Handbook is designed to provide an authoritative state-of-the art guide to the scope of the field suitable for both established scholars and students of the EU; reflect and contribute to the debates about the nature of the field of EU studies and EU politics in particular; and explore in detail the development of the many approaches to the study of EU politics. Divided into four sections, the Handbook focuses on theorizing European integration; the EU as polity; politics and policy making in the EU; and the EU and the international system.
Chapter 10: Judicial Politics
Scholarly interest in European Union (EU) judicial politics emerged with the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) and expanded dramatically with the Single European Act (SEA). As a supranational court, the Court of Justice of the European Communities (ECJ) attracted the attention of legal and political observers who were curious to assess the prospects for transcending sovereignty. Early accounts of the role of law were not optimistic (Scheingold 1965, 1971), however, and when the momentum of integration slowed in the 1970s, political scientists abandoned the study of the ECJ altogether. Meanwhile, legal scholarship uncovered a transformation of European law: the Treaty of Rome functioned as a constitution since it conferred rights and obligations on individuals and states alike and reigned supreme over ...