Environmental Leadership: A Reference Handbook

Environmental Leadership: A Reference Handbook

Handbooks

Edited by: Deborah Rigling Gallagher

Abstract

Overarching themes to be considered in this volume include: taking action in the face of uncertainty (mitigating climate change impacts, adapting to climate change, protecting coastal ecosystems, protecting wetlands and estuaries, preserving forest resources, protecting critical aquifers, preventing the spread of invasive species, and identifying and conserving vital global habitats); promoting international cooperation in the face of conflicting agendas (designing and implementing climate change policy, reconciling species protection and free trade, allocating scarce resources, designing sustainable fisheries, addressing global overpopulation, preventing trade in endangered species, conserving global biodiversity, and mitigating ocean debris and pollution); addressing conflicts between economic progress and environmental protection (preserving open space, redesigning cities, promoting ecotourism, redeveloping brownfields, designing transit-oriented development, confronting impacts of factory farming, preventing non-point source agricultural pollution, confronting ...

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  • Subject Index
    • Volume 1: Perspectives on Environmental Leadership

    Part I: Motivations for the Study of Environmental Leadership

    Part II: Interpretations of Environmental Leadership

    Part III: Political and Governmental Leadership

    Part IV: Private Sector Leadership

    Part V: Nonprofit Leadership

    Part VI: Grassroots Activism

    Part VII: Environmental Leadership in Journalism, Literature, and the Arts

    Part VIII: Environmental Leadership in Education

    Part IX: Taking Action in the Face of Scientific Uncertainty

    Part X: Promoting International Cooperation in the Face of Conflicting Agendas

    Part XI: Addressing Conflicts between Economic Progress and Environmental Protection

    Part XII: Addressing Complex Management Challenges

    Part XIII: Addressing Environmental Injustices

    Part XIV: Next Generation Environmental Leaders

  • Editorial Board

    Editor

    Deborah Rigling Gallagher

    Duke University

    Consulting Editor

    Lucretia McCulley

    University of Richmond

    Associate Editors

    Richard N. L. Andrews

    University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

    Norman L. Christensen Jr.

    Duke University

    Copyright

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    Foreword

    When the editors at SAGE Publications approached me nearly 4 years ago to describe a new leadership handbook series they hoped to develop and to ask if I might be interested in serving as a series consulting editor, I was intrigued. From the viewpoint of a librarian who has worked with the Jepson School of Leadership Studies at the University of Richmond, I was familiar firsthand with the needs of both faculty researchers and undergraduate students and topics of interest and relevance. From this perspective, I collaborated with SAGE to develop a list that, over the intervening years, has evolved into a series of two-volume reference handbooks on political and civic leadership, gender and women's leadership, leadership in nonprofit organizations, leadership in science and technology, and environmental leadership.

    It is my hope that students, faculty, researchers, and reference librarians will benefit from this series by discovering the many varied ways that leadership permeates a wide variety of disciplines and interdisciplinary topics. SAGE's Encyclopedia of Leadership (2004) has been an outstanding reference tool in recent years to assist students with understanding some of the major theories and developments within leadership studies. As one of the newest interdisciplinary fields in academia in the past 20 years, leadership studies has drawn on many established resources in the social sciences, humanities, and organizational management. However, academic resources that are wholly dedicated and developed to focus on leadership as an academic study have been few and far between. The SAGE Reference Series on Leadership will provide an excellent starting place for students who want a thorough understanding of primary leadership topics within a particular discipline. The chapters in each of the handbooks will introduce them to key concepts, controversies, history, and so forth, as well as helping them become familiar with the best known scholars and authors in this emerging field of study. Not only will the handbooks be helpful in leadership studies schools and programs, they will also assist students in numerous disciplines and other interdisciplinary studies programs. The sources will also be useful for leaders and researchers in nonprofit and business organizations.

    I would like to acknowledge Jim Brace-Thompson, senior editor, and Rolf Janke, vice president and publisher at SAGE Reference for their guidance, superb organization, and enthusiasm throughout the handbook creation process. I admire both of them for their intellectual curiosity and their willingness to create new reference tools for leadership studies. I would also like to acknowledge the faculty, staff, and students of the Jepson School of Leadership Studies for the many contributions they have made to the establishment of leadership studies as an academic field. Founded in 1992, the Jepson School of Leadership Studies is the only institution of its kind in the world, with a fulltime, multidisciplinary faculty dedicated to pursuing new insights into the complexities and challenges of leadership and to teaching the subject to undergraduates. When I was assigned to serve as the liaison librarian to the new school in 1992, I had no idea of how much I would learn about leadership studies. Over the past 18 years, I have audited courses in the school, attended numerous Jepson Forums and speaker series, taught library and information research skills to Jepson students, assisted faculty and staff with various research questions, and engaged in enlightening conversations with both faculty and students. Through these many experiences, my knowledge and understanding of the field has grown tremendously, and it is has been a unique experience to observe the development of a new field of study in a very brief time. I thank my Jepson colleagues for including me on the journey.

    LucretiaMcCulley, Consulting Editor, Director, Outreach Services, Liaison Librarian for Leadership Studies, Boatwright Memorial Library, University of Richmond, Richmond, VA

    Introduction

    Environmental leaders work in both predictable locations and unusual settings. They can be found in deforested jungle fields, in lush mountain landscapes, and in ships anchored in clear blue or muddy brown waters. Environmental leaders labor in classrooms, in the halls of governments, and in businesses across the world. We can also find them behind easels, in newsrooms, on laptops, and in film studios. Today, when the uncertainty of climate change and its attendant impacts hang over Earth, environmental leaders inspire individuals to take collective action to protect Earth and are driven by caring, compassion, and a sense of urgency.

    Environmental leaders confront complicated and seemingly intractable problems. They consider the impacts of a growing world population, increased energy demand, and resource scarcity. They wrestle with misconceptions of the trade-offs between economic growth and environmental protection. Environmental leaders help us understand the environmental impacts of our actions and design the educational programs that reach out to the world's inhabitants. They observe the diminishing health of global fisheries and the increasing scarcity of fresh water and apply new knowledge to define remedial action. They are concerned that the most disadvantaged suffer disproportionately from environmental impacts, such as receding coastlines, air pollution, unhealthy water, and overflowing landfills, and seek to confront these injustices. Environmental leaders persuade, and they use scientific inquiry and political organizing skills to address critical ecological problems. They are the communicators who help us make sense of the environmental challenges we face and discover opportunities to succeed.

    This reference handbook is broadly designed to set the field of environmental leadership by exploring the work of leaders and the contexts in which they are called to serve. While other works have reflected on environmental leadership in particular settings (Steinberg, 2001), for particular audiences (Boyd, 2009; Piasecki, Fletcher, & Mendelson, 1999; Russo, 2010), and in response to specific problems (Redekop, 2010), this handbook takes a more expansive approach, with chapters from a wide variety of scholarly perspectives to examine how the concept of environmental leadership can be applied to address critical issues. In addition to offering chapters rooted in a range of academic disciplines, such as history, philosophy, natural and physical sciences, the arts, journalism, economics, management, planning and sociology, it is decidedly international in scope with perspectives on environmental leadership from the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, Spain, Italy, Sweden, Denmark, the Czech Republic, Israel, India, China, Trinidad and Tobago, Singapore, and Peru.

    Because of its range of perspectives and settings, the handbook is intended for a variety of purposes. The original intention of the handbook was to be a reference for scholars seeking to engage in formalized study of environmental leadership. However, as realized, the handbook also offers grist for those involved in providing experiential environmental education and for those seeking to mobilize action on vexing environmental issues. Authors have critically examined issues as a means of spurring classroom discussion and motivating students to dig deeper into particular problems, methods, and solutions. They also offer practical advice to government officials, business owners, and nonprofit organization team members on how to employ environmental leadership practices to address individual, country-specific, and organizational problems.

    The reference handbook is organized in two volumes. The first volume, Perspectives on Environmental Leadership, is designed to introduce readers to key approaches in the study of environmental leadership. The first three chapters provide motivations for studying this burgeoning field. In turn, they offer a new definition of environmental leadership for the 21st century, discuss the challenges of practicing environmental leadership in an academic setting, and recount its complex and compelling history. The following chapters consider topics such as environmental thought leadership, religious and spiritual leadership, political leadership, governmental leadership, private sector leadership, nonprofit leadership, grassroots activism, environmental leadership in journalism, literature and the arts, and environmental leadership in education.

    The second volume, Environmental Leadership Challenges, is designed to convey the multifaceted and demanding nature of environmental leadership by examining a wide variety of critical problems and considering how the exercise of environmental leadership would serve to create solutions. Individual chapters address specific problems in context, offering both analysis and recommendations. Themes considered in this volume include taking action in the face of uncertainty, promoting international cooperation in the face of conflicting agendas, addressing conflicts between economic progress and environmental protection, addressing complex management challenges, and addressing disproportionate impact on the poor and the weak. Finally, as a bookend to these initial chapters, the final five chapters of the second volume offer insights into the requisite skills that future environmental leaders will need to address these vexing and seemingly intractable problems. The authors provide both a modicum of optimism that future environmental leaders will emerge to address critical problems and a warning that these new leaders are likely to face an ever-growing bounty of complex and intractable issues, some as yet undiscovered.

    Contributors were recruited from colleges and universities across the globe as well as from the nonprofit and business sectors. While many were found in departments of environmental science and social science, others wrote from offices in think tanks and environmental advocacy organizations. Authors whose influential research on climate change adaptation, conflict over environmental resources, business uptake of environmental stewardship practices, participation of underrepresented groups in environmental protection activities, and development of renewable energy resources all paused to reflect on how environmental leadership could be brought to bear in addressing these troublesome issues. It is good news for the planet that there is a lively and engaged community of scholars and practitioners who spend time puzzling over issues such as how to cultivate and nurture future environmental leaders, how political leadership can be leveraged to spur collective action on global climate change, or how artists creating music and film and scientists writing blog posts can be viewed as environmental leaders.

    The diverse background of contributors, combined with the breadth of focus evident in their research, offers a redefinition of the field of environmental leadership, while highlighting the possible application of its formal concepts far beyond its bounds.

    Acknowledgments

    This reference handbook is the work of collective action, supported by the purposeful, determined, and passionate efforts of a group of scholars and environmental advocates and their supporters at universities and organizations across the globe. First and foremost, I thank the remarkable group of authors who contributed time and energy to creating works that communicate the urgent need for bringing environmental leadership to bear in order to solve the world's most vexing problems. It has been an honor and a pleasure to work with each and every one. Second, the handbook could not have been produced without the support of my colleagues at Duke University's Nicholas School of the Environment, where environmental leadership frames our core belief in research and education that helps “forge a sustainable future.” Without the sabbatical support I received, the project would not have gone forward so successfully. Blakely Blackford, a remarkable graduate student studying jointly at the Nicholas School of the Environment and the University of North Carolina's Kenan Flagler School of Business, provided exceptional moral and organizational support throughout the project. I especially thank the students of Duke's Environmental Leadership Masters of Environmental Management program and Sherri Nevius, its managing director, for their strong support of the project from the outset.

    The SAGE Publications team has been an indispensable resource. Their remarkable energy and patience was invaluable, from the first steps in creating a plan for the project through their gentle prodding, backstopping, and superb editing. I have learned much from my experience with SAGE and hope that the e-mail friendships will be longstanding. Norm Christensen and Pete Andrews, my wise editorial board members, provided excellent advice on the design for the handbook and were able to share with me their network of scholars and practitioners from around the globe. These connections were extremely valuable. I would also like to thank Dick Couto for sharing his experience as a reference handbook editor; his kind advice and support were always helpful.

    Finally, this work could not have been completed without the support of my family. John, Laird, and Siobhan, this is for you.

    Deborah RiglingGallagher, EditorDuke University, Nicholas School of the Environment
    References
    Boyd, B. (2009). Hybrid organizations: New business models for environmental leadership. Sheffield, UK: Greenleaf.
    Piasecki, B., Fletcher, K. A., & Mendelson, F. J. (1999). Environmental management and business strategy: Leadership skills for the 21st century. New York, NY: Wiley.
    Redekop, B. R. (2010). Leadership for sustainability. New York, NY: Routledge.
    Russo, M. (2010). Jumping from the ivory tower: Weaving environmental leadership and sustainable communities. Lantham, MD: University Press of America.
    Steinberg, P. (2001). Environmental leadership in developing countries: Transnational relations and biodiversity policy in Costa Rica and Bolivia. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

    About the Editors

    Editor

    Deborah Rigling Gallagher is associate professor of the practice of environmental policy at the Nicholas School of the Environment. Dr. Gallagher also serves as executive director of the Duke Environmental Leadership program, which focuses on providing mid-career environmental professionals opportunities to gain the knowledge and skills necessary to confront critical environmental problems and to sharpen their leadership skills. This position offers Dr. Gallagher the opportunity to critically explore the challenges of engaging individual and organizational environmental leadership. Dr. Gallagher has also served as associate faculty director of Duke's Corporate Sustainability Initiative, a partnership between the Nicholas School and the Fuqua School of Business.

    Dr. Gallagher's research broadly focuses on the interaction of business and the environment, including issues of global business sustainability, urban environmental justice, and the privatization of environmental policy. She has examined how companies build and use environmental management systems and what motivates firms to adopt environmentally and socially sustainable business practices. She recently undertook a major project for the United Nations Global Compact, in which her research team developed an environmental stewardship strategy for Compact member organizations, considering critical environmental risks and opportunities related to climate change, resource consumption, water conservation, and biodiversity protection. Dr. Gallagher has also focused on public-private partnerships, especially in settings such as brownfields redevelopment, and has examined local, state, and federal public policies and implementation practices designed to promote community involvement in environmental decision making in socioeconomically disadvantaged neighborhoods.

    Dr. Gallagher's work has been published in a variety of environmental planning, management, and public policy journals and edited volumes such as Organizations and the Sustainability Mosaic (2007), The UN Millennium Development Goals, The Global Compact and the Common Good (forthcoming in 2013), and Comparative Environmental Politics (2012). She received her PhD in public policy from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, a master's degree in public policy from Harvard University's Kennedy School of Government, and a BS in chemical engineering from Northwestern University.

    Prior to her academic career, Dr. Gallagher held a series of environmental leadership positions in the public and private sector. This included developing critical state and federal Superfund legislative program initiatives with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and serving in health, safety, and environmental management positions with Fortune 100 companies. She has consulted to firms on the design and implementation of business strategies to promote sustainability and serves on boards of nonprofit organizations seeking to provide economic resources to entrepreneurs launching socially responsible businesses.

    Associate Editors

    Richard N. L. Andrews is professor of environmental policy in the Department of Public Policy and the Department of Environmental Sciences & Engineering at the University of North Carolina (UNC) at Chapel Hill. He earned his PhD from UNC at Chapel Hill in environmental policy and planning, and the AB degree from Yale University in philosophy. Andrews is author of Managing the Environment, Managing Ourselves: A History of American Environmental Policy (2nd ed., 2006), Environmental Policy and Administrative Reform: The National Environmental Policy Act (1976), and numerous journal articles. His research focuses on the effectiveness and other consequences of environmental laws and policies. He has written at length on the historical development and consequences of U.S. environmental policies and on more recent innovations such as the adoption of environmental management systems and third-party certification procedures by businesses and government agencies, as well as on comparative environmental policy. His current work focuses on decision making for mitigating and adapting to global climate change, particularly innovations in state-level policies to promote energy efficiency and renewable energy development.

    Norman L. Christensen Jr. joined the botany faculty at Duke University in 1973, after receiving his PhD at the University of California, Santa Barbara, and his BA and MS degrees from California State University, Fresno. He was chair of the Botany Department from 1990 to 1991 and in 1991 became the founding dean of Duke's Nicholas School of the Environment and Earth Sciences, a position he held through 2001. He is currently research professor of Ecology. Christensen has served on and/or chaired numerous advisory committees, including the Interagency Taskforce on the Ecological Effects of the 1988 Yellowstone Fires (chair), the National Research Council (NRC) Committee on Environmental Issues in Pacific Northwest Forest Management (chair), the Ecological Society of America Committee on the Scientific Basis for Ecosystem Management (chair), the California Spotted Owl Federal Advisory Committee (cochair), and the Sierra Nevada Ecosystem Project Team. In 1997, he was appointed by then president Bill Clinton to the Nuclear Waste Technical Review Board, and he served as ecologist on that board through 2004. He was president of the Ecological Society of America from 2006 to 2009. Christensen is a Fellow in the American Association for the Advancement of Science (1993), and he sits on the boards of directors of Environmental Defense Fund, The Conservation Fund, and The North Carolina Nature Conservancy. Christensen's research deals with patterns of disturbance (including fire and human land use) and the nature and mechanisms of change deriving from disturbance.

    About the Contributors

    Mary Lou Addor, EdD, is the interim director of the Natural Resources Leadership Institute and an organizational development specialist at North Carolina State University Cooperative Extension. Addor has extensive experience in leadership development and facilitation of multi-stakeholder processes in environmental decision making, including program planning and development. Through education, facilitation and training, consultation, and research, Addor assists communities and organizations in integrative problem solving and capacity building in North Carolina. Her research focuses on natural resource and environmental leadership and the preparation of these leaders for the 21st century. Addor earned her doctorate in adult education from North Carolina State (2010), is a recipient of the Exemplary Research-to-Practice Dissertation for the academic year titled An Interpretative Inquiry Into Natural Resources and Environmental Leadership: Understanding the Nature of a Leadership Development Experience. Addor serves on several national committees: the Policy Consensus Initiative University Network for Collaborative Governance and the eXtension Public Deliberation Community of Practice, and she serves as a practitioner on the National Roster of Environmental Conflict Resolution Practitioners of the U.S. Institute of Environmental Conflict Resolution.

    Javier Aguilera-Caracuel is a PhD in management and assistant professor in the Business and Management Department at University of Granada (Spain). He is a full member of the research group Innovation, Sustainability and Development (ISDE), and his research interests include environmental management in multinational enterprises and corporate social responsibility. He has presented his work at many international conferences, such as European Group for Organizational Studies (EGOS), European Academy of Management (EURAM), Group on Organizations and the Natural Environment (GRONEN), and the Academy of Management Conference. He works in joint projects with leading scholars at Henley Business School (University of Reading, United Kingdom), and he has been a visiting researcher there.

    Dr. Elizabeth A. Albright is a visiting assistant professor at the Nicholas School of the Environment. She received a BA in chemistry from The College of Wooster (Wooster, OH), an MPA and MSES from the School of Public and Environmental Affairs (SPEA) at Indiana University (Bloomington, Indiana), and a PhD in Environment from the Nicholas School of the Environment at Duke University (Durham, North Carolina). She has studied river basin management processes and local-level adaptation to extreme climatic events. Albright received both a Fulbright Scholarship and a grant from the National Science Foundation to support her research. She recently was awarded Best Paper by an Emerging Scholar Award at the 2010 Midwest Political Science Association Annual Conference. Prior to earning her doctorate, Albright worked as a water quality modeler developing water restoration management plans and stakeholder outreach programs for the state of North Carolina.

    Aaron S. Allen earned his BS in environmental studies and BA in music from Tulane University and his PhD in music from Harvard University. He teaches musicology at the University of North Carolina at Greensboro, where he also serves on the faculty committee for the Environmental Studies Program. Allen is cofounder and chair of the Ecocriticism Study Group of the American Musicological Society. He has published on ecomusicology, on Beethoven, and—thanks to his years as president of the Tulane Green Club, an environmental organization—on campus environmental issues.

    Karen Anderton recently completed her doctorate of philosophy with Oxford University's Transport Studies Unit. Her research was an international comparative study assessing subnational government policy processes in terms of their ability to reduce the climate impacts of transport—specifically cars. She holds a LLB (hons) in law and international politics and an MSc (with distinction) in environment and development. Karen has been a climate change policy professional for a decade working for public, private, and nonprofit organizations. Her research interests include governance, policy implementation, leadership theories, and climate change policy.

    Ann Armstrong has been an instructor at the Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto, for the past 15 years. She is the director of the Social Enterprise Initiative. In that role, she is responsible for increasing the school's involvement in the nonprofit social enterprise sectors through curriculum design, research, and community engagement. She has coauthored the first and second Canadian editions of a textbook on organization design with Dr. Richard Daft and a textbook on Canada's social economy with Drs. Jack Quarter and Laurie Mook. She has also, with Joan Condie, adapted ORGB by Nelson and Quick for a Canadian audience. She received her PhD in organizational behavior from the University of Toronto.

    Seema Arora-Jonsson is an associate professor in the Department of Urban and Rural Development, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden. At the center of Arora-Jonsson's research and teaching interests is a long-standing engagement with theories of gender, development, and environmental governance. Her doctoral research at the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, based on long-term participatory research in a village in western Sweden and research in villages in eastern India, has generated a lasting concern with questions of development and environmental management in specific contexts—but shaped by global connections. One focus is on understanding the dynamics of developmental relationships between local communities and outside interventions. In a forthcoming book, Gender, Development and Environmental Governance: Theorizing Connections, Arora-Jonsson probes the field at the confluence of development, environmental, and gender studies, thinking through how these are inseparable in the real world. Her current work concentrates on three interrelated themes: climate change and changing environmental governance, decentralization of environmental governance and development, and natural resource and development bureaucracies. A fourth theme cuts across all three: questions of approach and methodology.

    Dr. Preeta M. Banerjee is an assistant professor of strategy at the Brandeis International Business School. Her research focuses on the management of technology and innovation and the evolution of individuals, technology, the firm, and the industry in entrepreneurial endeavors. Banerjee's research has appeared in Technovation, IEEETEM, and R&D Management journals, as well as in a coedited book and numerous book chapters. She is a recent recipient of a Fulbright-Nehru award and the IBM Innovation Award for her work with serious games in the classroom. Her PhD is from the Wharton School and her BS from Carnegie Mellon University.

    Paul A. Barresi is professor of political science and environmental law at Southern New Hampshire University. He holds a BS (natural resources) from Cornell University, a JD with highest honors from the George Washington University National Law Center, a MALD from the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University, and a PhD in political science from Boston University. His research focuses on how legal and political institutions and cultures constrain the efforts of human societies to achieve sustainability goals, whether intranationally or internationally, and on the strategic implications of those constraints for both governmental and nongovernmental actors pursuing such goals.

    Corné J. Bekker graduated from the Rand Afrikaans University in Johannesburg, South Africa, with a doctorate in literature and philosophy in 2001. He currently serves as a professor of Biblical and Ecclesial Leadership at the School of Global Leadership and Entrepreneurship at Regent University in Virginia Beach, Virginia. He is the editor of the Journal of Biblical Perspectives in Leadership (JBPL), and his research focuses on ancient and religious forms of organizational leadership.

    Dr. Jeremy Benstein, the associate director of the Heschel Center for Environmental Learning and Leadership, received his doctorate in environmental anthropology from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. He directs the Heschel Center's Environmental Leadership Fellowship and has researched joint Israeli Jewish-Israeli Palestinian Arab environmental initiatives and the role of the environment in creating shared citizenship. He also writes and teaches extensively regarding cultural and religious engagements with the environment.

    Stephanie G. Berger received her BA (with honors) in geography from Queen's University (Kingston, Ontario, Canada) and spent a decade on Wall Street, in London, and in Paris facilitating initial public offerings and compliance filings in financial printing before returning to Montreal to complete her MBA at McGill University. During her MBA education, Berger specialized in Marketing and Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), and she led a research team for Christine Arena's 2007 business book on corporate health, The High-Purpose Company. Currently, Berger is working toward her doctorate in management at Concordia's John Molson School of Business (JMSB). Her research areas include corporate social responsibility and sustainable development, middle management leadership, and organizational change. Berger is also a board member for the David O'Brien Centre for Sustainable Enterprise (DOCSE) and for http://VisibleGovernment.ca. She is a career and business consultant for CSR and Sustainability, and she is an official presenter (trained by Al Gore) for the Climate Reality Project.

    Becca Berkey is actively interested in environmental justice struggles or, more specifically, leadership and empowerment around issues associated with social justice in the environmental field. As an environmental studies doctoral student with a background at the master's level in organizational leadership, she is currently exploring environmental justice issues for her research from the angles of participatory action research and asset based community development, reframing what has often been a grassroots, victim based model into one of social change and empowerment. Professionally, she is the Coordinator of Experiential Education at Keene State College in Keene, New Hampshire. She would like to thank her mentor Dick Couto, her advisor Tania Schusler, and her friend and colleague Jeannie Economos, the head of Pesticide Health and Safety at the Farmworker Association of Florida, for their selfless assistance in crafting her chapter and for inspiring her every day.

    Alan K. Betts of Atmospheric Research in Pittsford, Vermont, has an MA in natural sciences from the University of Cambridge, England, and a PhD in meteorology from Imperial College, London, England. He has published over 150 papers and received many awards. His research, writings, and talks deal with understanding Earth's weather and climate and with helping society understand climate change both locally and globally.

    Katja Biedenkopf is an assistant professor at the University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands. She holds a PhD from Free University Brussels, Belgium, a MA in European studies from College of Europe Bruges, Belgium, and a MA in political science from Justus-Liebig-University Gießen, Germany. Her research focuses on the external effects of European Union environmental policy and global governance especially in the areas of chemicals, electronic waste, and climate change policy.

    Holly Bik is a postdoctoral fellow at the Hubbard Center for Genome Studies at the University of New Hampshire. She received her BS in 2005 from King's College London, United Kingdom, and received her PhD in 2010 from the University of Southampton, United Kingdom, focused on molecular phylogeny and biology of deep-sea nematodes. Her research interests include high-throughput sequencing approaches to investigate the global diversity of microbial eukaryotes, scientific visualization tools, and computational biology. She is a regular contributor to Deep Sea News (blog).

    Gillian Bowser, PhD, joined Colorado State University in 2008 and is currently a research scientist at the Natural Resource Ecology Laboratory, graduate faculty member of the Graduate Degree Program in Ecology, and joint appointment faculty member with the Department of Fish, Wildlife, and Conservation Biology. She earned her bachelor's degree from Northwestern University, master's of science from the University of Vermont, and PhD from the University of Missouri, St. Louis. Bowser was a wildlife ecologist for the National Park Service for two decades, serving in eight parks including Yellowstone, Joshua Tree, Wrangell St. Elias, and Badlands National Parks. Bowser is a diplomacy American Association of the Advancement of Science (AAAS) Fellow with the U.S. Department of State, vice chair of the Applied Ecology Section of the Ecological Society of America, and the principal investigator of the Rocky Mountain Sustainability and Science Network and of the Global Women Scholars Network, both funded through the National Science Foundation.

    Robert Brinkmann is the director of Sustainability Studies at Hofstra University. He is the author of books, research articles, and book chapters on a variety of environmental issues. Most of his work has been conducted in suburban and urban settings. He is also the director of Sustainability Research at the National Center for Suburban Studies.

    Mark Brown is director of the Office for Undergraduate Research and Artistry and an assistant professor of Molecular Oncology at Colorado State University. He teaches Journal Editing, Peer Review, and Publication to undergraduates and Infectious Disease, Pharmaceutical Science, and Small Molecule Drug Development courses to both graduate and undergraduate students. His research interests outside his molecular oncology laboratory include global leadership, student networking, and engagement methods for underrepresented populations. Dr. Brown received his BS in resource management from Colorado State University, his MS in biochemistry from Georgetown University, and his PhD in molecular genetics from the University of Texas in Austin.

    Pauline Brücker is a Migration Research Fellow at the Institute for Sustainable Development and International Relations (IDDRI). Her current research focuses on the links between environment and migration from a human rights-based perspective. She obtained a master of international public management degree from the Paris School of International Affairs of Sciences Po Paris, specializing in international human rights, refugee and humanitarian law, and transitional justice in the Middle East, western Asia, and eastern Africa. Her research deals with normative protection gaps of environmentally displaced persons and refugees and migration governance gaps. She also conducts research on externalization of migration control and management of mixed migration flows. She has extensive field experience with internally displaced persons in the occupied Palestinian territories and has also examined the protracted displacement situation in the region, from Afghan to Iraqi refugees. She has also worked on environmental migration related policy and legal challenges in Bangladesh. Her dissertation will question the necessity of adopting a status for environmentally displaced persons, informed by the situation of Sudanese refugees in Egypt. She is a member of the Management Committee of the European Cooperation for Scientific and Technical research (COST) on climate change and migration until 2014.

    Timo Busch works as lecturer and senior researcher at Professor Hoffman's Chair for Sustainability and Technology, Department of Management Technology and Economics, at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) Zurich. His research centers on organizational theories and the natural environment, focusing on three areas: climate change risks and carbon management, the corporate sustainability-financial performance debate, and industrial ecology and corporate performance analysis. His doctoral thesis on strategic management under carbon constraints was awarded the Silver Medal of ETH Zurich. Before joining ETH, Busch worked at the Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment, and Energy focusing on corporate ecoefficiency, sustainable finance, and climate change. His work has been published in international journals including the Journal of Industrial Ecology, Ecological Economics, Business and Society, and the Journal of Business Ethics.

    Nicolette L. Cagle is a lecturing fellow in the Thompson Writing Program at Duke University, where she received her PhD in Ecology. She has authored a number of journal articles. Her current research interests include Environmental Education, Natural History, and Environmental Conservation.

    Flavia Cavazotte is a professor of management and leadership in the Business School of Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro (IAG-PUC). She received her PhD in business administration from Virginia Commonwealth University. She also works as a consultant in the field of leadership program development and evaluation. Her research interests are organizational leadership and justice, and corporate citizenship and leadership development through management education.

    Susan G. Clark is Joseph F. Cullman 3rd Professor (adjunct) of Wildlife Ecology and Policy Sciences in Forestry & Environmental Studies and a fellow in the Institution for Social and Policy Studies at Yale University. Her interests include interdisciplinary problem solving, decision making, governance, policy process, leadership, conservation biology, organization theory and management, natural resources policy, and the policy sciences. She has experience in the nongovernmental organization community, academia, and field, nationally, and internationally. She wrote Ensuring Greater Yellowstone's Future: Choices for Leaders and Citizens in 2008. Current work is on large carnivore conservation (e.g., polar bear–native people coexistence in Canada) and other projects.

    Timothy Collins is assistant director of the Illinois Institute for Rural Affairs at Western Illinois University. He received his PhD in rural sociology at the University of Kentucky. He was a land use educator for Penn State Cooperative Extension and is currently researching the development of sustainability indicators using the community capitals framework. He is a regular contributor to the Daily Yonder (http://dailyyonder.com) and often writes about rural environmental conditions.

    Jeffrey L. Courtright, PhD, is associate professor of communication at Illinois State University. With over 20 years in public relations education and research, he investigates the relationship between corporate reputation and message design across a variety of contexts, from environmental communication to community relations to international public relations. He studies both for-profit and nonprofit organizations and has published multiple research articles, several with Peter Smudde as coauthor. Together, they are editors of Power and Public Relations (2007).

    Richard A. Couto (PhD, University of Kentucky) is a senior scholar at the James MacGregor Burns Academy of Leadership at the University of Maryland. He has a background in practice and scholarship in community leadership. He directed the Center for Health Services at Vanderbilt University from 1975 to 1988 and has won several national awards, including a Kellogg National Fellowship for his work in support of community leadership in Appalachia and in rural, predominantly African American counties in western Tennessee. In 1991, he became a founding faculty member of the Jepson School of Leadership Studies at the University of Richmond. In 2002, he became a founding faculty member of Antioch University's PhD Program in Leadership and Change. His most recent books focus on courage for fearless thinking based on the achievements of Antioch College and reflections on leadership, which commemorates the 25th anniversary of James MacGregor Burn's book Leadership.

    Carl Dalhammar (LLM, MSc) is assistant professor at the International Institute for Industrial Environmental Economics (IIIEE) at Lund University, Sweden, where he received his PhD in 2007. His research interests include environmental governance, law and innovation, technology transfer, environmental compliance, trade and the environment, and product-oriented environmental policy. He has been involved in several projects sponsored by among others the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), industry associations, the Nordic Council of Ministers, and the European Union. He currently teaches in six European master's programs. His recent research projects include an evaluation of technology transfer options for climate change mitigation (commissioned by the Swedish EPA). He has also analyzed the potential to use public procurement as a tool to stimulate system innovation in Sweden, on behalf of the association of Swedish Engineering Industries (Teknikföretagen). He currently analyzes how the European Union's Ecodesign Directive can be extended in scope in order to drive ecodesign for improved resource efficiency.

    Steven E. Daniels is on the faculty of Utah State University, where he is a professor in the Department of Sociology, Social Work, and Anthropology and in the Department of Environment and Society. He also serves as a statewide community development specialist in cooperative extension. His PhD is from Duke University, from what was then known as the School of Forestry and Environmental Studies. Dr. Daniels has worked extensively as a consultant-trainer-coach to federal land management agencies as they developed and implemented collaborative approaches to natural resource management development.

    Fabrizio D'Aprile is a research fellow with the School of Geography and Environmental Science, Monash University. His research focus is the effects of climate change on the growth and health of silver fir in the Tuscan Apennine Alps (central Italy). He is investigating the environmental causes of butt rot in silver fir and sustainable forest management under climate change. Three years ago, D'Aprile began to present annually progressive results of his research at the General Assembly of the European Geoscience Union in Vienna, a scientific event that attracts more than 10,000 researchers, scientists, and academics worldwide. His previous work has focused on environmental impact assessments (i.e., fast train line, central Italy) on forests and water resources, sustainable forest management, forest environment indicators, forest population dynamics, and farm forestry. He has had a long-term appointment as a member of a university team (Firenze) to assess the environmental impact of the new fast train line on water resources, ecosystems, and economy. D'Aprile is also a scientific consultant with the Italian National Institute of Agricultural Economics (INEA), where he has contributed significantly to the guidelines for the management of the Italian forests under changing climate conditions.

    Elizabeth Davis is chair and associate professor of organizational sciences at the George Washington University. She teaches Strategic Management, Organizational/Management Systems, and Comparative Management courses to graduate and undergraduate students. Her research interests include Global Leadership Mindset, Strategic Leadership, and Organizational Networks and Sustainability. Dr. Davis received her BA from Columbia University and her PhD in social systems sciences from the Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania.

    Deborah de Lange is assistant professor of international business at Memorial University of Newfoundland in Canada. After many years in industry, de Lange obtained her PhD at the University of Toronto and published her doctoral dissertation as a book, titled Power and Influence: The Embeddedness of Nations. Her second book is titled Research Companion to Green International Management. She is finishing a third book about corporate governance, called Cliques and Capitalism: A Modern Networked Theory of the Firm. Her research interests include trade, foreign direct investment, diplomacy, international business and organizations, corporate governance, sustainability, and network and embeddedness theories. She has taught globalization, sustainable strategy, and high-technology strategy.

    Valentina De Marchi is a PhD graduate in the Department of Economic Science “Marco Fanno” at University of Padua, Italy. She received her PhD from the same university in 2011 with a thesis analyzing environmental innovations within a global value chain setting. Her research interests include environmental innovations, impact of sustainability on competitiveness and labor, sustainable development, and local systems of innovation and internationalization.

    Javier Delgado-Ceballos is assistant professor of international business and strategy at University of Granada (Spain). Delgado-Ceballos received his PhD from the University of Granada (Spain). His research mainly focuses on the connections between organizations and environmental management, stakeholders’ management, business strategy, business ethics, environmental nongovernmental organizations, and government policy related to sustainability. Delgado-Ceballos has held three visiting scholar appointments: at the University St. Gallen (Switzerland), the University of Cyprus (Cyprus), and the Bocconi University (Italy).

    William W. Doe III is the chief executive officer of Veterans Green Jobs, a national nonprofit in Denver, Colorado, that trains and employs military veterans in green sector careers. He previously served as an administrator, faculty member, and senior environmental researcher in the Warner College of Natural Resources at Colorado State University, where he currently teaches online graduate-level environmental management courses. He served on active duty as a U.S. Army Corps of Engineers officer for 22 years, including 7 years on the Geography-Environmental Studies faculty at the U.S. Military Academy, West Point, New York. He received his Army commission and BS from West Point and earned advanced degrees from the University of New Hampshire (MS, civil engineering) and Colorado State University (PhD). Dr. Doe has over 30 years of research and publication in a wide variety of topics related to military geography and environmental geography, with an emphasis on military lands management and stewardship, military sustainability practices, and warfare ecology. He has been the principal investigator on numerous environmental and energy research projects for the Department of Defense and been an invited participant on senior military environmental panels and forums. Websites related to his work include http://www.veteransgreenjobs.org and http://www.online.colostate.edu/certificates/militarylands-management/faculty.dot.

    Gavin Edwards is strategic advisor at Greenpeace International. Edwards graduated the University of Wales in 1990 with a BS (honors) in geography and graduated with an Executive MBA at Kellogg School of Management/Hong Kong University of Science & Technology in 2011. Edwards joined Greenpeace in 1997 and has coordinated global forests, climate, and energy campaigns, with campaign successes including the protection of numerous rain forests and the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. He currently works on strategies for campaign and organizational development across Greenpeace globally, based in Hong Kong.

    Mary Emery earned her PhD from Rutgers University in sociology. Her work focuses on how communities can mobilize for change, evaluation, and rural development. She has also worked with several tribal entities to develop participatory processes to study the impact of climate change and other issues.

    Sara Espinoza, MEM, is director of the National Environmental Education Foundation's Earth Gauge program. Through Earth Gauge, she works with the American Meteorological Society and more than 200 weathercasters across the United States to incorporate environmental and climate information into the television weathercast. Her expertise is in media outreach, environmental education and communication, and community-based environmental management.

    Joshua Farley is an ecological economist and associate professor in Community Development & Applied Economics and Public Administration at the University of Vermont. Farley holds degrees in biology, international affairs, and economics. He has previously served as program director at the School for Field Studies Center for Rainforest Studies and as executive director of the University of Maryland International Institute for Ecological Economics. He also served as visiting professor at the Federal Universities of Santa Catarina (UFSC) and Bahia (UFBA) in Brazil. His broad research interests focus on the design of an economy capable of balancing what is biophysically possible with what is socially, psychologically, and ethically desirable. More specifically, his research focuses on mechanisms for allocating resources under local control and national sovereignty that generate global public goods, developing transdisciplinary case study approaches to environmental problem solving as an educational tool, ecological restoration of rain forest ecosystems, economic globalization, and the valuation and finance of restoring natural capital.

    Mehreen Faruqi is the conjoint associate professor and academic director of the Master of Business & Technology (MBT) program at the Australian Graduate School of Management (AGSM), and University of New South Wales (UNSW), Australia. She is a civil/environmental engineer and has worked in government, consulting, and academia on many complex sustainability issues such as water cycle management, waste management, and organizational change. She received her PhD from UNSW. Her teaching and research interests include sustainability planning and practice, corporate sustainability, and public participation in environmental decision making. Faruqi is coauthor of Environmental Decision-making: Exploring Complexity and Context (2009).

    Vera Ferrón-Vílchez is a PhD in management and assistant professor in the Business and Management Department at University of Granada (Spain). She is a full member of the research group ISDE, and her work is oriented toward analyzing the relationship between advanced environmental strategies and the achievement of cost leadership. She has presented her work at many international conferences, such as EGOS, EURAM, and the Academy of Management Conference. She works in joint projects with leading scholars at George Mason University, Virginia, and she has been a visiting researcher there.

    Burnell C. Fischer is a clinical professor at Indiana University, Bloomington, School of Public and Environmental Affairs. He received his PhD from Purdue University. From 1990 to 2005, Fischer served as state forester and director of the Division of Forestry, Indiana Department of Natural Resources. Fischer has authored and coauthored numerous journal articles that have appeared, most recently, in the Journal of Forestry, Society and Natural Resources Conservation, Biology, Ecology and Society, and Ecological Economics. His current research interests include forestry, particularly community and urban forest management practices, forest resources policy and state government management, and collaborative forestry.

    Cornelia Butler Flora is the Charles F. Curtiss Distinguished Professor of Sociology and Agriculture and Life Sciences at Iowa State University. A past president of the Rural Sociological Society, the Community Development Society, and the Society for Agriculture and Human Values, she developed the community capitals framework (CCF) and applied it in a variety of settings for sustainable natural resource management in Latin America and the United States. Her recent work with the World Bank shows the importance of the CCF in building advocacy coalitions for adaptation to climate change in excluded communities in five countries in Latin America.

    Matt Fox is a PhD candidate in the Fuqua School of Business at Duke University. His research is focused on the different aspects of concern for future generations. His work on the legacy motive emphasizes questions regarding which people are considered appropriate recipients of intergenerational beneficence and what types of benefits the current generation wishes to leave behind. He is particularly interested in how the desire to make a lasting positive impact can enhance the sustainability of organizations.

    Anamarija Frankic is director of the Green Boston Harbor Project (GBH), a faculty member at the University of Massachusetts, Boston, and adjunct professor at the Institute of Fisheries and Oceanography in Split, Croatia. She teaches biomimicry, coastal ecosystems management, and a unique comprehensive capstone course for seniors. Her background in ecology, limnology, and marine science informs her work in coastal ecosystems restoration and management nationally and internationally. While at the University of Massachusetts, Boston, she established the Adopt-a-Student for a Green Job program that supports most of her undergraduate and graduate students’ educational process and provides employment.

    Amy Freitag is a doctoral candidate in marine science and conservation at Duke University. Her research interests lie within the field of political ecology and more broadly within human geography, looking at how incorporating a diverse array of knowledge types into conservation research and planning might lead to scientific innovation and policy connections. She is committed to developing interdisciplinary research between the social and natural sciences, understanding the linkages between nature and culture, and creating ways for collaborative applied research to take place. She writes for Southern Fried Science (blog).

    Ambra Galeazzo is a doctoral candidate at the PhD School in Economics and Management at the University of Padua, Italy. Her research interests include environmental management, corporate social responsibility, sustainability in operations and supply chains, and lean management.

    François Gemenne is a research fellow at the Institute for Sustainable Development and International Relations (IDDRI) and a lecturer at Sciences Po Paris, the University of Paris 13, and the Free University of Brussels. His research deals with populations displaced by environmental changes and the policies of adaptation to climate change. He has conducted field studies in New Orleans, Tuvalu, China, Central Asia, the Maldives, and Mauritius. More recently, he coordinated the report Addressing Climate Change and Migration in Asia and the Pacific for the Asian Development Bank. He holds a joint doctorate in political science from Sciences Po Paris and the University of Liege (Belgium). He also holds a master's degree in development, environment, and societies from the University of Louvain, as well as a master of research in political science from the London School of Economics.

    Andrew George is an adjunct assistant professor at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, where he received his PhD in 2010 from the Curriculum for the Environment and Ecology. He was a Rosyter Society Fellow and an Interdisciplinary Research Fellow, and he won the prestigious Tanner Teaching Award for his environmental classes. Before graduate school, he worked over a decade with nonprofit environmental and media organizations, including cofounding one national and two regional groups. This experience with academia, advocacy, and activism helps provide a unique perspective from both sides of the scholarship-engagement divide.

    Elizabeth Gibson is the editor of the Environment Section of the Rutland Herald/Times Argus newspapers in Vermont. She has an MS in biology from the University of Tulsa and has worked as a scientist, technical writer, and editor for the past 35 years.

    Cristina M. Gilstrap, PhD, earned her terminal degree in organizational and interpersonal communication from Purdue University. Her scholarly interests include health communication, interpersonal communication in organizations, and entrepreneurial communication issues. Her recent research has focused on the interpersonal and organizational experiences of volunteers, nurses, and families within the hospice context. Gilstrap has published articles in Communication Reports & Communication Monographs and has presented several papers at the National Communication Association's annual conferences. She teaches undergraduate and graduate courses in organizational communication, advanced organizational research, interpersonal communication theory, communication theory, and entrepreneurial communication.

    Curt A. Gilstrap, PhD, earned his terminal degree in rhetorical studies from Purdue University. He directs the graduate program in communication at Drury University where he is an associate professor. His scholarly interests involve environmental-ecological discourse as viewed through the lenses of contemporary rhetorical theory and criticism, leadership studies, general rhetorical theory, and social media. Gilstrap has coauthored a speaking textbook and authored multiple articles, chapters, and adjudicated conference papers. He teaches courses in ethics and communication, persuasion, rhetoric, advanced public speaking, introduction to communication studies, as well as courses within his graduate program's organizational leadership and change emphasis.

    Miriam C. Goldstein is a doctoral candidate studying biological oceanography at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at University of California, San Diego. She holds an MS in marine biology from Scripps Institution of Oceanography and a BS in biology from Brown University. For her dissertation, she is researching the impact of plastic marine debris on macroinvertebrate distribution and abundance in the North Pacific Subtropical Gyre. She is a regular contributor to Deep Sea News (blog).

    Dr. Samuel Gómez-Haro is assistant professor at University of Granada (Spain). Gómez-Haro teaches courses on management in the Management and Business Department at University of Granada. His main research interests are entrepreneurship and corporate entrepreneurship, social entrepreneurship, institutional theory and entrepreneurship, and sport management.

    Laura M. Graves is associate professor of management at the Graduate School of Management at Clark University. She holds a doctorate in social psychology from the University of Connecticut. Her work focuses on creating sustainable organizations that facilitate the performance, growth, and well-being of employees. Her research examines issues related to leadership, employee motivation, work-family integration, and managing diversity. Her recent book, Women and Men in Management (3rd ed., 2003, SAGE, coauthored with Gary N. Powell), considers how gender shapes individuals’ experiences in organizations. Her research has appeared in leading academic journals, including Academy of Management Review, Journal of Applied Psychology, Journal of Management, and Personnel Psychology. Graves is a former chair of the Gender and Diversity in Organizations Division of the Academy of Management. She has served on the editorial board of Academy of Management Journal.

    Lisa Greber is a doctoral student at University of Massachusetts, Boston, and a longtime researcher and activist for holistic science more generally. Her interest is in the contemporary transformation of the role of scientific researcher from one of standing outside of nature to a remembrance of living within nature and in exploring what such a transformation might mean for our choice of research questions, research methodologies, and responsibilities to the subjects of our studies. As part of this exploration and as a member of Green Boston Harbor Project (GBH), she participates in the dialog among environmental, scientific, and religious communities seeking a common ground of environmental stewardship and holistic science.

    Katherine Hanson is the chief learning officer for the National Park Service, where she is responsible for the oversight of the leadership and employee development programs for Park Service employees. Her focus on adult leadership theories and practice was developed throughout her career as an educator, as a military officer and pilot, and as a leadership development professional in several federal agencies. Dr. Hanson received her BA from St. Andrews Presbyterian College, her MA Education from Western Carolina University, and her EdD from the University of Southern California.

    Sarah Hippensteel Hall (PhD, Antioch University) is the executive director of the Greater Dayton Partners for the Environment and the Manager of Watershed Partnerships at The Miami Conservancy District Dayton, Ohio. She works with communities to build diverse partnerships and solve water quality challenges. Her research and scholarly interests include leadership in community-based organizations, the role of citizen professionals, empowerment, and participatory action research. Using effective partnerships, she has successfully raised more than $10 million to use on water quality improvements in the watershed. She helped lead the creation of the nation's first successful water quality credit trading program. The internationally-recognized Great Miami River Watershed Water Quality Credit Trading Program is reducing thousands of tons of agricultural runoff into streams and rivers each year while saving local communities as much as $300 million over 20 years.

    Graeme Hugo is an Australian Research Council (ARC) Professorial Fellow, professor of geography, and director of the Australian Population and Migration Research Centre at the University of Adelaide. He is the author of over 300 books, articles in scholarly journals, and chapters in books, as well as a large number of conference papers and reports. He held an ARC Federation Fellowship between 2002 and 2007 and is currently chair of the Advisory Committee on Demography and Liveability of the Commonwealth Department of Sustainable Environment, Water, Population, and Communities and was appointed to the National Housing Supply Council in 2011.

    Sheila M. Huss is a doctoral student in the School of Public Affairs at the University of Colorado, Denver. She is interested in social networks and environmental movements.

    Inga Jacobs is a research manager for water-centered knowledge at the South African Water Research Commission (WRC). She is a political scientist by training and specializes in regional and international water governance in Africa, looking at cooperative governance in shared river basins in the South African and East African regions. Jacobs completed her PhD degree in international relations at the University of St. Andrews, Scotland, in 2010. She also holds a master of arts (MA) cum laude in international studies from the University of Stellenbosch and a bachelor of arts (BA) in international relations from Grinnell College, Iowa.

    Jill B. Jacoby is executive director of Sweetwater Alliance, a nonprofit organization with a mission to raise water literacy through the arts and science. She is an adjunct professor at the College of St. Scholastica (environmental science), Fairleigh Dickenson University (environmental studies), and the University of Wisconsin (sustainable development). Her PhD from Antioch University focused on collaborative leadership with environmental concerns.

    Paul Kaak is associate professor of leadership at Azusa Pacific University. He received his PhD in 2005 from Andrews University. Kaak's interest in agriculture, health, and food began in 2002 with a quest for ways in which the work of Wendell Berry could intersect with leadership theory and practice. Since then, Kaak and his family have been involved in multiple local food projects at home and in their community. Students in Kaak's graduate and undergraduate courses frequently learn about social change through stories about food leaders.

    Nicole Kranz is policy advisor in international water policy and infrastructure at German International Cooperation (GIZ) and research associate at the Center for Transnational Relations, Foreign and Security Policy at Freie Universität Berlin. Her academic work mainly focuses on water governance and the role of private actors with a focus on sub-Saharan Africa. She holds a PhD in political science from Freie Universität Berlin, a master's degree in environmental science and management from the University of California, and a diploma in geoecology from Carolo-Wilhelmina Technical University in Germany.

    Nancy B. Kurland, PhD (University of Pittsburgh), is an assistant professor of organizational studies in the Department of Business, Organizations, and Society at Franklin & Marshall College. She teaches and researches in the area of business and the natural environment, with a special emphasis on localism. She's published over 25 peer-reviewed articles and book chapters on topics ranging from corporate sustainability to ethics in the financial services industry.

    Andrew P. Kythreotis is currently a Cardiff Fellow at the Cardiff School of City and Regional Planning, Cardiff University, Wales. His current research includes working on the Welsh Assembly Government–funded Climate Change Consortium of Wales project, which examines climate change in new interdisciplinary and multi-institutional contexts. He has previously held positions at the University of Hull and was, until recently, an Australian Research Council (ARC) Super Science Research Fellow on the Australian Sea Level Rise Partnership at the Global Change Institute, University of Queensland, Australia. He completed his PhD in the Department of Geography, University of Hull, in 2009; his research examined the voluntary and community sector and sustainability governance. More generally, his research interests relate to the way in which power is configured and negotiated across space by state and nongovernmental stakeholders involved in the governance of sustainability, particularly climate change–related events.

    Rasmus Klocker Larsen is a research fellow with the Stockholm Environment Institute, an international and independent research institute headquartered in Stockholm. He holds MS degrees from the University of Oxford and University of Copenhagen and a PhD in innovation and communication studies from Wageningen University, Netherlands. His work focuses on fostering collaborative approaches to conflict situations in integrated natural resource management and international development. With colleagues and partners, he aims at supporting governments, civil society, and the private sector in responding to governance situations characterized by so-called resource dilemmas, that is, conflicts of interest, multiple legitimate perspectives, and high levels of uncertainty and controversy.

    Sarah E. Lashley is a Mellon Postdoctoral Fellow in Environmental Human Rights at Colby College. She holds a joint appointment with the Department of Sociology and Environmental Studies Program. She completed her doctoral work at the University of Michigan School of Natural Resources and Environment. Her research bridges studies of environmental justice with theories of collaboration and conflict management to explore processes for social change. In addition to her research in West Harlem, she has investigated cases of collaborative problem solving in Richmond, California, and Washington, D.C.

    Michael J. Lynch is a professor in the Department of Criminology at the University of South Florida (Tampa). His recent books include Environmental Law, Crime, and Justice (2008, with R. G. Burns & P. B. Stretesky), Racial Divide (2008, with E. B. Patterson & K. K. Childs), Big Prisons, Big Dreams (2007), and Primer in Radical Criminology (2006, with R. J. Michalowski). He has been engaged in research on green and radical criminology since 1990. He is currently coeditor (with P. B. Stretesky) of the book series.

    Rick MacPherson is the Conservation Programs director for the Coral Reef Alliance. A coral reef ecologist, MacPherson received his undergraduate and graduate degrees from Roger Williams University and Harvard University. His work explores the link between scientific and social analyses and the policy decision process, examines the implications of differences between biological scales and social scales in marine-protected area design, and evaluates conservation effectiveness. He is a founding investigator for the California Center for Ocean Sciences Education Excellence (COSEE), a National Science Foundation (NSF)–funded effort to improve ocean science education nationally. MacPherson developed an undergraduate and graduate course at University of California, Berkeley, Communicating Ocean Science, which is now taught at more than 20 universities nationwide. He has led efforts to utilize emerging online and social media to promote broader public understanding of ocean science and conservation. In addition to his professional presence on Twitter and Facebook, he is a regular contributor to Deep Sea News.

    Edward Maibach, MPH, PhD, is a Distinguished University Professor at George Mason University and the director of Mason's Center for Climate Change Communication (4C). A nationally recognized expert in climate change and public health communication campaigns, he is also the principal investigator on an NSF grant focused on enabling television meteorologists to serve as effective informal climate change educators. He is actively involved in public opinion polling research on climate change.

    Florence M. Margai, PhD, is a professor of geography at Binghamton University where she teaches courses that revolve around the use of geographic methodologies in the mapping and assessment of environmental hazards and poor health outcomes. Her research interests include the distribution of global environmental health hazards, emerging and re-emergent infectious diseases (ERIDs), contaminated environments and health risks, health disparities, and health challenges facing women and children in Africa. She has worked with several nonprofit organizations in the United States and Africa to assist with the geographic targeting of vulnerable population groups for disease intervention and health promotional campaigns. She has authored and coedited three books and several publications in peer-reviewed journals.

    Uri Marinov received a DVM in veterinary medicine from Iowa State University. He is a professor at the School of Sustainability in the Interdisciplinary Center (IDC) Herzlyia (Israel's first not-for-profit private university), and a private consultant. He was the founder of Israel's Environmental Protection Service, which later became Israel's Ministry of the Environment, where he served as its first director general. He later joined the Graduate Department of Natural Resource & Environ mental Management at the University of Haifa and served as its chair until his retirement as professor emeritus in 2005.

    Jan Mazurek is a senior fellow with ICF International, where she develops analyses of California's cap-and-trade program in ICF's Sacramento, California, office. California governor Arnold Schwarzenegger appointed her senior advisor to the California Air Resources Board in 2010. Dr. Mazurek also served at Duke University in 2009 and from 2010 to 2012. She was an EPA reviewer for the Obama-Biden Presidential Transition advising Administrator Jackson on Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) reform in 2008. Dr. Mazurek has worked as a researcher with such organizations as Resources for the Future, the Progressive Policy Institute, and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. She is the author of Making Microchips (1999) and coauthor with J. Clarence Davies of Pollution Control in the United States: Evaluating the System (1998).

    Sara Jane McCaffrey, an assistant professor of business, organizations, and society at Franklin & Marshall College, earned her PhD in political science from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Her research focuses on governance of global supply chains and private standard and certification schemes.

    Craig McClain is the assistant director of science for the National Evolutionary Synthesis Center, created to facilitate broadly synthetic research to address fundamental questions in evolutionary science. He has conducted deep-sea research for 11 years and published over 30 papers in the area. He has participated in dozens of expeditions taking him to the Antarctic and the most remote regions of the Pacific and Atlantic. His research focuses on the ecological and evolutionary drivers of marine invertebrate biodiversity and body size. He focuses primarily on deep-sea systems, often looking at the consequences of food limitation on biological systems. He is the founder and editor of Deep Sea News, a popular deep sea–themed blog rated the number one ocean blog on the World Wide Web and winner of numerous awards. His popular writing has been featured in Wired, Cosmos, Science Illustrated, American Scientist, and the Open Lab: The Best Science Writing on the Web.

    Mallory McDuff teaches environmental education at Warren Wilson College in Asheville, North Carolina. She received her PhD from the University of Florida in wildlife ecology and conservation, with a focus on environmental education. Her book Natural Saints: How People of Faith Are Working to Save God's Earth (2010) documents the growth of religious environmentalism in the United States.

    Chris McIntyre is a Massachusetts native from the South Shore community of Scituate. He received his undergraduate education in environmental science at Saint Anselm College in New Hampshire. Before entering graduate school at the University of Massachusetts, Boston, he worked on grassroots environmental campaigns for nonprofit public interest groups. As part of the Green Boston Harbor Project (GBH), he now works as a graduate research assistant and leads a crew of the City of Boston's Pumpout Boat, at the University of Massachusetts, Boston. His master's thesis project is monitoring marine invasive species and water quality throughout Boston Harbor.

    Jessica McManus Warnell is assistant teaching professor–professional specialist in the Department of Management/Business Ethics at the University of Notre Dame Mendoza College of Business. She teaches the undergraduate-level required business ethics course and electives in sustainable business, values-based decision making, and managing millennials. She earned her MA from the University of Chicago and her BA summa cum laude from Saint Mary's College, the Certificate in Executive Management from the Notre Dame Executive Education Program, and Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) Sustainability Reporting Certification. Her research explores principled moral reasoning and business ethics curricula, leadership and sustainability education, and managing millennials toward effective, ethical leadership.

    Claire Menck is an international award–winning chef, restaurateur, and scholar. She has been in the food service industry for over 25 years, winning awards from the International Hotel and Restaurant Association, Women Chefs and Restaurateurs, the International Food Service Editorial Council, and the James Beard Foundation, as well as a host of other professional accolades. Menck's experience covers both the front and back of the house in hospitality, as well as nearly 15 years in management. She also has nearly 10 years of consulting experience in a variety of locations and operations. Her passion for food has led her to investigate issues of sustainability in the global food system from an academic perspective. Her research in food systems focuses on how communities use food to establish and maintain meaning and cohesion in response to trauma. Her most recent work, Recipes of Resolve: Food & Meaning in Post-Diluvian New Orleans, looks at food following the twin crises of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita. She has presented this work at a variety of conferences, as well as publishing multiple articles and chapters on these topics. She has also taught extensively both online and in traditional classroom settings. Menck is also a passionate advocate for social media and has developed a secondary research agenda that investigates the role social and emerging media plays in disaster. Her research in this area has focused on how social media was used during Hurricane Katrina, during the British Petroleum, or Beyond Petroleum, oil spill, and (more recently) during the political rallies in Wisconsin following the January 2011 budget crisis. She has published numerous chapters and articles on social media and has taught courses both online and in traditional classroom settings.

    Mark Meo is professor of geography and environmental sustainability at the University of Oklahoma. His research interests include environmental policy analysis and innovation, technological innovation of energy systems, decision making, and sustainable development. Meo joined the University of Oklahoma faculty in 1985 after completing a postdoctoral fellowship at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. From 1985 to 2009, Meo held a joint appointment as professor of Civil Engineering and Environmental Science and Research Fellow in the Science and Public Policy Program, which he directed from 1995 to 2000. He was the cofounder of the Oklahoma Wind Power Initiative and recently served as president of the Oklahoma Renewable Energy Council. Professor Meo earned his PhD in ecology and environmental policy analysis from the University of California at Davis.

    Adrian Morley is a research associate and coordinator of food research at the Economic and Social Research Council's (ESRC) Centre for Business Relationships, Accountability, Sustainability & Society, Cardiff University, United Kingdom. He holds a degree in food sciences and European studies from Nottingham University, a master's degree in international agricultural food marketing from the University of Newcastle, and a PhD on innovation needs and outcomes in food micro firms at the School of City and Regional Planning, Cardiff University. His research interests encompass sustainable food supply chains, alternative food initiatives, and public procurement.

    Susanne C. Moser is director and principal researcher of Susanne Moser Research & Consulting, in Santa Cruz, California. She also is a Social Science Research Fellow at Stanford's Woods Institute for the Environment and a Research Associate of the Institute for Marine Sciences at the University of California, Santa Cruz. In her current research and work with local, state, and federal government agencies and nongovernmental organizations, she focuses on vulnerability, adaptation, and resilience in the face of climate change; on effective science-practice interactions and decision support; and on effective climate change communication in support of social change. In the field-defining anthology she coedited titled Creating a Climate for Change: Communicating Climate Change and Facilitating Social Change (2007), she focused on the psychological dimensions of climate change. Moser is a geographer by training (PhD 1997, Clark University).

    Luis Mundaca (BS, Dipl., MS) is assistant professor of environmental economics and policies for sustainable solutions at the International Institute for Industrial Environmental Economics (IIIEE) at Lund University, Sweden. He received his PhD from the IIIEE in 2008. His research focuses on new green economy governance, climate and energy policy evaluation, firms’ responses to market-based incentives, and induced low-carbon technology change. His recent research projects include an evaluation of technology transfer options for climate change mitigation (commissioned by the Swedish EPA). At present, Mundaca is engaged in different international scientific initiatives, such as the Global Energy Assessment and the fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.

    Estela Neves is a professor of environmental policy in the Graduate Program in Development Policies, Institutions and Management of Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and researcher in the National Institute for Sciences and Technology Development Policies, Institutions and Management (INCT-PPED). She received her doctoral degree in social sciences from Federal Rural University of Rio de Janeiro. She also works as a consultant on environmental policies and assessment. Her research interests encompass decentralized environmental policies, governance, and environmental federalism.

    Kathryn Newcomer is the director of the Trachtenberg School of Public Policy and Public Administration at the George Washington University. She teaches and conducts research on performance measurement and program evaluation, and she has designed and conducted evaluations for many U.S. federal agencies and nonprofit organizations. Dr. Newcomer has published five books including The Handbook of Practical Program Evaluation (1994, 2004, and 2010) and Transformational Leadership: Leading Change in Public and Nonprofit Agencies (2008).

    Glenn Clayton Odenbrett is program director at the National Center for Science and Civic Engagement of the Great Lakes Innovative Stewardship Through Education Network (GLISTEN), an initiative funded by the Corporation for National and Community Service in 2009 through its Learn and Serve America Program. A nationally recognized leader in the area of integrating community service with undergraduate coursework, he regularly serves as either a coordinator or campus team facilitator for conferences and training institutes in this area. In 1998, he organized and hosted a national institute on service learning in the science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) disciplines, and he has presented workshops on this topic as well as undergraduate civic engagement at previous Summer Institutes of Science Education for New Civic Engagements and Responsibilities (SENCER). During his 11-year tenure as director of the Office of Student Community Service at Case Western Reserve University, he coordinated faculty development initiatives that promoted service learning and community-based research across the undergraduate curriculum. As a SENCER Leadership Fellow, he coordinated a Great Lakes Stewardship Conference that attracted faculty, students, and community partners from seven states and Quebec. He was recently appointed by Secretary of the Interior Kenneth Salazar to the 21st Century Conservation Service Corps Advisory Committee.

    Lydia Olander directs the Duke University Nicholas Institute for Environmental Policy Solutions’ program in ecosystem services. She joined the Nicholas Institute after spending a year as an American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) Congressional Science and Technology Fellow working with Senator Joseph Lieberman on environmental and energy issues. Before moving to Washington, D.C., she was a researcher with the Carnegie Institution of Washington's Department of Global Ecology, where she studied the biogeochemical impacts of logging in the Brazilian Amazon and worked with new techniques to extrapolate impacts regionally using remote sensing. She received her doctorate from Stanford University, where she studied nutrient cycling in tropical forests, and has a master's in forest science from Yale University. She has published in professional journals, including Ecosystems, Biogeochemistry, Soil Biology and Biochemistry, Forest Ecology and Management, Earth Interactions, and Environmental Research Letters.

    Natalia Ortiz-de-Mandojana earned her PhD in management from the University of Granada (Spain). She is currently completing a postdoctoral fellowship at the Ivey Richard School of Business (University of Western Ontario). She is a member of the Spanish research group Innovation, Sustainability and Development (ISDE). Her research interests lie in the connection between corporate governance and environmental management and the role of time in shaping the financial aspects of business sustainability. She has published several works with SAGE Publications. She has presented her work at many international conferences, such as Group on Organizations and the Natural Environment (GRONEN), European Group for Organizational Studies (EGOS), European Academy of Management (EURAM), and Academy of Management (AOM) Annual Meeting. Natalia has been a visiting researcher at Cass Business School (London).

    Kate Pangbourne, a postdoctoral social scientist in the Geography and Environment Department of the University of Aberdeen (Scotland), gained a PhD in geography there in 2010, after a master's in sustainable rural development. Prior to that, she spent a decade working in a public sector natural heritage conservation organization. Her current research interests focus on governance theory, collaboration processes and facilitation, and the environmental and social sustainability of transportation.

    Raymond Paquin is an assistant professor of management at the John Molson School of Business, Concordia University. His research explores microprocesses of institutional change, interorganizational relations, and interfirm networks primarily around issues of the natural environment and sustainability. Paquin has published in Business and Society and the Journal of Industrial Ecology and contributed to several books addressing the intersection of business and society. Previously, Paquin held positions at the Lundquist College of Business, University of Oregon, and the Boston University School of Management and was a visiting professor at the Rajiv Gandhi Indian Institute of Management in Shillong. Paquin earned a DBA from Boston University School of Management, an MA from Virginia Tech, and a bachelor of music from North Carolina School of the Arts.

    Dae Young Park is a researcher at the Department of Public International Law, Ghent University, Belgium. As an acting legal consultant, he advises multinational companies on environmental, health, and safety legislation and the regulatory aspects of environmental management systems in China, Japan, Korea, Hong Kong, and Taiwan.

    M. Kathleen Perales, PhD, holds a BS in marine sciences from Texas A&M University, Galveston, an MA in natural resources management from Texas A&M University, and a PhD in park, recreation, and tourism resources from Michigan State University. She joined the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Environmental Laboratory in 1982. She is the project leader of the Natural Resources Management (NRM) Gateway initiative (http://CorpsLakes.usace.army.mil). The NRM Gateway is the repository for the policies, practices, programs, people, and partnerships for the NRM Community of Practice. She has served on the board of trustees and the executive committee of the National Recreation and Park Association, as an officer of the Armed Forces Recreation Society, on the board of directors of the National Society for Park Resources, and on the board of American Academy for Park and Recreation Administration.

    Natalie Persadie is assistant professor at the University of Trinidad and Tobago and part-time lecturer at the University of the West Indies. She holds a PhD in international relations from the University of Birmingham, United Kingdom. She has coauthored several journal articles and books. Her current research interests include international relations, law, human rights, and gender justice.

    Ann Posegate was outreach coordinator for the Earth Gauge program. In this role, she built and maintained partnerships with environmental organizations and agencies, as well as weathercasters throughout the United States. An accomplished environmental and science writer, her work has been published in the Washington Post, Weatherwise magazine, and the Yale Forum on Climate Change and the Media.

    Neil Powell holds a PhD in rural development and is a senior research fellow and coleader of the research theme transforming governance at Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI). His research, teaching, and developmental action are geared toward addressing intractable problems and resource dilemmas in the context of natural resource governance and management. The approach focuses on the inefficiencies and ambiguities of policy implementation in contexts characterized by abrupt environmental change and controversy. Just prior to joining SEI in 2006, Powell taught, supervised, and undertook research as a senior lecturer at the Swedish Agricultural University, Uppsala. He has also worked as program officer responsible for Swedish water resource development cooperation in South Africa at the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida). Powell has actively worked in numerous country contexts in Europe, South Africa, Southeast Asia, and Australia.

    Meredith C. F. Powers earned a MSW degree from the University of North Carolina and is a doctoral candidate in the College of Social Work at the University of South Carolina. She is a former staff member for Sustainable Carolina and currently teaches a course on congregational social work. Her research interests focus on environmental and social justice issues, particularly in faith-based communities.

    Tim Profeta is the founding director of the Nicholas Institute for Environmental Policy Solutions at Duke University. Prior to his arrival at Duke, Profeta served as counsel for the environment to Senator Joseph Lieberman. As Lieberman's counsel, he was a principal architect of the Lieberman-McCain Climate Stewardship Act of 2003. He also represented Lieberman in legislative negotiations pertaining to environmental and energy issues, as well as coordinating the senator's energy and environmental portfolio during his runs for national office. Since 2005, his work has included the development of a proposal with four senate offices to contain costs while maintaining environmental integrity under a cap-and-trade program. Profeta has served as visiting lecturer at Duke Law School, where he taught a weekly seminar on the evolution of environmental law and the Endangered Species Act. He has also co-taught a course on Corporate Sustainability and Climate Change with the Duke Executive Education Program. Profeta earned a law degree from Duke and an undergraduate degree from Yale University.

    Rajendra Ramlogan is senior lecturer at the University of the West Indies. He holds an LLM from the New York University School of Law and a PhD from the University of Cambridge in international environmental law. He has authored and coauthored several journal articles and books. His current research interests include international law and China.

    Benjamin W. Redekop received the PhD in history from the University of British Columbia. He is associate professor of leadership studies at Christopher Newport University in Newport News, Virginia. His books include Enlightenment and Community (2000), Power, Authority, and the Anabaptist Tradition (2001), and Leadership for Environmental Sustainability (2010). He has published articles in the Leadership Quarterly, Management Decision, The Encyclopedia of Sustainability, Building Leadership Bridges, Studies in History and Philosophy of Science, and the Journal of the History of Ideas, among others. Redekop teaches courses in leadership studies to students in the President's Leadership Program at Christopher Newport University.

    Meredith Redlin earned her PhD in sociology in 2000 from the University of Kentucky. She teaches, writes, and researches in the area of community development and rural community diversity. Specifically, her work focuses on minority rural populations as identified through race, class, gender and sexuality, and low-density community development.

    Norton Ribeiro de Freitas Jr. is a research scientist in modeling terrestrial ecosystem structure and function at the Gund Institute for Ecological Economics at the University of Vermont. He obtained a BS degree from Babson College and a PhD degree in economic development from the University of São Paulo. He was previously a postdoctoral researcher in the Center of Nuclear Energy in Agriculture, CENA. His interests include indicators of ecological change, with a particular emphasis on the characteristics of ecosystem services provided by the forests. He also works on re-establishing functional riparian zones, integrating payments for ecosystem services with agroecological production, conserving biodiversity in economic frontier areas of the Atlantic rain forest, the influence of humans on biospheric processes, land use alterations, and the consequences of those alterations into the future.

    Theresa Ricke-Kiely is the associate director of planning and development for the Nonprofit Professional Development program and concurrently professor of management at the University of Notre Dame's Mendoza College of Business. She teaches leadership at both the undergraduate and graduate levels, focusing on values and ethics in business, nonprofit, and NGO contexts. Ricke-Kiely has an EdD in organizational leadership (University of Sarasota), an MPA (Marist College), a BA (State University of New York, New Paltz), and a Global Reporting Initiative Sustainability Reporting (GRI) Certification. The focus of her research is leadership in nonprofits and nongovernmental organizations and leadership education.

    Nina S. Roberts, PhD, is an associate professor at San Francisco State University and director of the Pacific Leadership Institute. Her areas of emphasis include outdoor recreation, parks management, urban programming, and youth development. Roberts is nationally recognized for her research regarding race and ethnicity and culture and visitation to parks and public lands. Prior to her role in higher education, Roberts helped manage the Student Conservation Association's national urban and diversity programs and later worked with the National Park Service (NPS) as an education and outreach specialist. A Fulbright scholar, Roberts has been recognized for her commitment to diversity and social justice in breaking down barriers of inequality relating to park access and outdoor recreation as well as workforce enhancement. She serves on the advisory councils for GirlVentures and the Center for Diversity and the Environment. Roberts is also an advisor to the NPS Centennial Steering Committee and serves as cochair of the National Park Promotion Council Research Committee.

    Janna L. Rose is doing postdoctoral work in the CITES Laboratoire at the Grenoble Ecole de Management, 38000 Grenoble, France. Janna holds a PhD in biology from Florida International University as well as an MA in sociocultural anthropology from Tulane University. Rose is an ethnobotanist who specifically focuses on villagers’ concepts of diseases and the antibacterial properties of plants used to treat gastrointestinal infections. However, the rich relationships between people, plants, and their environments that Rose encounters in her work directly fuels her concern for conservation and sustainability efforts both locally, in schools, and worldwide. In addition to ethnobotanical and phytochemical research, Rose has written on the ethics of bioprospecting and property rights for controversial industry sectors, and she is currently conducting postdoctoral research on the everyday perceptions and transformations of biomedical technology along with the creation of value for novel biomedical products and services with biotechnology firms in France. Rose is determined to better understand how people of all ethnicities and socioeconomic classes understand and are affected by their environments and the technology that originates in environmental resources.

    T. K. Rossiter is an outdoor educator and guide. Since earning his doctoral degree (EdD) from the University of Vermont, he has been serving on the faculty of Vermont State Colleges and been working in the outdoor classroom with students from the University of Vermont, Champlain College, and Green Mountain College. Additionally, he is the owner and lead instructor of Adventure Spirit Guides, whose mission it is to “partner with individuals and groups to create experiences that foster personal growth and renewal, promote group bonds … and deepen connections with the natural world upon which these experiences depend.”

    Katherine Rowan, PhD, is a professor of communication at George Mason University and an investigator in Mason's Center for Climate Change Communication (4C). A nationally recognized expert in science communication, she is currently co-principal investigator on an NSF grant focused on enabling television meteorologists to serve as effective informal climate change educators. For that project, she is also lead investigator on a study of current climate change education best practices by television meteorologists. Her research has been published in journals such as Risk Analysis, Communication Education, and Health Communication.

    Tatyana B. Ruseva is an assistant professor at Appalachian State University, Department of Government and Justice Studies. She holds a PhD in policy analysis and environmental policy from Indiana University, Bloomington. Her research interests include environmental governance, with a particular focus on social networks, collaborative environmental management, resource conservation, and natural resource policy. Her research has been published in Ecological Economics and the Journal of Forestry.

    Abeer Abdel Hamid Salem is a doctoral candidate in sustainability education at Prescott College for the Liberal Arts, the Environment, and Social Justice in Arizona. She is an Egyptian, living in Cairo, and currently works in the field of international development. She received her bachelor's degree from Cairo University in Egypt and has held a master of arts degree in communications studies from the American University in Cairo since 1989. She has more than 20 years of professional experience that spans the business management, human development, research, teaching, and intercultural communication fields. This diverse scope of experience culminated in her current interest in environmental issues and sustainability education.

    Joseph Sarkis is a professor of management within Clark University's Graduate School of Management. He earned his PhD from the University of Buffalo. His current research and teaching interests are in operations, supply chain, and technology management. He has related these interests to the topic of environmental sustainability and business and industry. He has published widely in a variety of outlets with over 250 publications. He is currently departmental editor for IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, editor-in-chief of Management Research Review, and an editor for the Journal of Green Building. His most recent book is an edited volume titled Facilitating Sustainable Innovation Through Collaboration: A Multi-Stakeholder Perspective.

    Rian Satterwhite is lecturer in university studies and assistant director for leadership programs in the Center for Student Leadership at Kennesaw State University. He received his BA from the University of Arizona, his master's in educational leadership from the University of Wollongong, Australia, in 2007, and his master's in American studies from Kennesaw State University in 2012. Satterwhite is author of “Deep Systems Leadership: A Model for the 21st Century” in Redekop's (Ed.) Leadership for Environmental Sustainability (2010). He works to better prepare future generations for the challenges of an interdependent world in which global challenges and complexities directly inform local action. He envisions a world in which leadership, responsive to and inspired by the (eco)systems that we are all a part of, is everyone's responsibility.

    Charity Self is currently a director for the Center for Park Management (CPM), part of the National Parks Conservation Association (NPCA). In this role, she works on leadership development and human capital issues in partnership with the National Park Service (NPS). Prior to her work at CPM, Self worked as a freelance consultant and for a small boutique consulting firm in the Washington, D.C., area. Her clients included American Express, Eli Lilly, Wyeth (now part of Pfizer), and Fidelity. Self holds a master's degree from Baylor University and a bachelor's degree from Elon University.

    Timothy J. Shaffer is a doctoral candidate studying politics and education at Cornell University and is currently a research associate at the Charles F. Kettering Foundation. His research focuses on historical and contemporary examples of higher education's public purposes and work by focusing on the civic role of professionals and their public philosophies. Specifically, he is interested in questions about democracy, citizenship, expertise, and knowledge.

    Mordechai Shechter received a PhD in agricultural economics from Iowa State University. He now serves as founding dean of the School of Sustainability in the Interdisciplinary Center (IDC) Herzlyia. In 1985, he established the Natural Resource & Environmental Research Center at the University of Haifa, and in 1995, the Graduate Department of Natural Resource & Environmental Management, now part of the School of Management of the University of Haifa, and served as its chair until 2010, when he retired as professor emeritus from the university. He also served as the university's rector (provost), and president of Tel-Hai Academic College in northern Israel.

    Seth Sheldon is in his final year of the doctoral program in Environmental, Earth, and Ocean Sciences at the University of Massachusetts, Boston. In 2008, he earned his bachelor of science in earth and ocean sciences at Duke University. He currently works as a water and energy analyst at the Civil Society Institute in Newton, Massachusetts, and his primary area of interest is fresh water use by power plants. As a member of the Green Boston Harbor Project, he hopes to contribute to watershed and coastal ecosystem sustainability.

    David Shiffman is a doctoral student at the University of Miami. He received his master's in marine biology at the College of Charleston. His research interests include shark conservation and management, the ecological and economic importance of sharks, and the use of social media for science education. He writes for the Web blog Southern Fried Science.

    Mike Shriberg, PhD, is education director at the Graham Environmental Sustainability Institute and lecturer in the Program in the Environment at the University of Michigan. He leads the Graham Undergraduate Sustainability Scholars Program and Graham Sustainability Doctoral Fellows Program at Michigan, among other responsibilities. Shriberg is the North American editor of the International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education. Shriberg recently returned to academia after serving as director of Environment Michigan and policy director at the Ecology Center, leading state efforts on climate-energy and environmental health–toxics policy. Previously, he served as program director and assistant professor of environmental studies and interim director of the Rachel Carson Institute at Chatham University in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, as well as an adjunct lecturer at Carnegie Mellon University. Shriberg earned an MS and PhD in resource policy and behavior from the University of Michigan's School of Natural Resources and Environment and a BS in biology and society from Cornell University. His research focuses on organizational change and sustainability leadership, with an emphasis on higher education institutions.

    Denise R. Simmons, PhD, is a registered professional engineer and project management professional and assistant professor at South Carolina State University (SCSU), Department of Engineering. Simmons has university-, college-, and technical college–level classroom instruction experience. Her outstanding industry accomplishments include developing and facilitating training for professional and technical employees, leading project teams charged with problem investigation and implementation of corrective action plans, and supervising technical and nontechnical employees. In the summer of 2005, she served as the project director of the Summer Transportation Institute (STI) at SCSU. Since 2007, she has served as the interim director of the Savannah River Environmental Science Field Station (SRESFS), a consortium of 29 institutions. The SRESFS was founded and is managed by SCSU in collaboration with 28 other institutions located in six states. SRESFS is aimed at recruiting and retaining underrepresented groups in environ mental science and engineering and natural resources–related fields of study.

    Lee Sing Kong holds the concurrent appointments of director of the National Institute of Education, professor of biological sciences, and managing director of the National Institute of Education International, all at the Nanyang Technological University in Singapore. He received his PhD in plant biotechnology from the National University of Singapore in 1985. His research interests are in the areas of aeroponics, urban forestation, and restorative ecology. In particular, his passion in these research areas has led to several national initiatives, such as the greening of Singapore and the use of aeroponics for urban food production. He has published numerous research papers in international refereed journals. More recently, the success of his contributions in aeroponics was featured in an episode on Discovery Channel, which highlighted it as being among the top three potential green solutions to sustain a polluted and overcrowded world in the 21st century.

    Alastair Smith is a research associate at the Economic and Social Research Council's (ESRC) Centre for Business Relationships, Accountability, Sustainability & Society, Cardiff University, United Kingdom. Alastair has a first-class degree in history and politics from the University of York (UK), a master of philosophy in international development studies from the University of Oxford (UK), and a PhD on fair trade governance, public procurement, and sustainable development from Cardiff University, United Kingdom. His research interests also include sustainable business management, trade, and development.

    Peter M. Smudde, PhD, APR (Accredited in Public Relations), is associate professor of communication at Illinois State University. After a 16-year career in industry, he moved to academia in 2002 to fulfill a personal objective. His industry experience includes planning, writing, editing, and evaluating a full range of public relations, marketing, executive, and technical discourse for companies of various sizes and in many industries. He has held an executive-level position in public relations; worked in corporate, agency, and entrepreneurial enterprises; and has served numerous clients through his own consulting practice since 1998. His book, Public Relations as Dramatistic Organizing was published in 2011.

    L. Steven Smutko, professor and Spicer Chair of Col laborative Practice, University of Wyoming, conducts a research, teaching, and outreach program in policy development and public decision making in natural resources and community development. The focus of his work is on engaging with local governments, state and federal agencies, and the private and nonprofit sectors to enhance participatory decision making in environmental policy and natural resources management issues. He provides consultation, training, and leadership development in participatory decision making, negotiation, collaborative process design, public dispute resolution, and technical analysis of resources, economics, and policy. Smutko teaches graduate and undergraduate courses in negotiation analysis and environmental conflict resolution.

    Roberta Sonnino is a senior lecturer in environmental policy and planning in the School of City and Regional Planning, Cardiff University, United Kingdom. She holds a PhD in anthropology from the University of Kansas and a Laurea degree in classics from the University of Rome (Italy). Her research focuses on sustainable food, public procurement, and urban food strategies. With Kevin Morgan, she has written the book The School Food Revolution (2008).

    Shana M. Starobin is a doctoral candidate at the Nicholas School of the Environment and the 2011 Kenan Graduate Instructor in Ethics at Duke University. She received her AB magna cum laude from Harvard College in 2000, and she completed a joint master's in public policy and environmental management at Duke in 2008. Her most recent publication—“The Search for Credible Information in Social and Environmental Global Governance: The Kosher Label”—appears in the journal Business and Politics. Her current research interests include institutional design, social innovation, rural livelihoods, and food sovereignty.

    Seana Lowe Steffen, PhD, directs the Restorative Leadership Institute and served as a faculty member at the University of Colorado. Steffen brings over 20 years of experience in leadership and organizational development working in the private, not-for-profit, and public sectors serving conscious leaders and social enterprises. She has trained, consulted, and coached throughout the United States and the world in settings such as Mexico, Jamaica, and Rwanda. Her awards include ETown National Public Radio's E-chievement Award for making a lasting difference in the community and beyond, and Mortar Board's Outstanding Professor award. She also was a nominee for the Ford Foundation Leadership for a Changing World Award. She is a participatory action researcher.

    Paul B. Stretesky is an associate professor in the School of Public Affairs at the University of Colorado, Denver. His recent books include Environmental Law, Crime, and Justice (2008, with R. G. Burns & M. J. Lynch); Guns, Violence, and Criminal Behavior: The Offender's Perspective (2009, with M. R. Pogrebin & N. P. Unnithan); and Radical Criminology (2011, with M. J. Lynch). He is currently coeditor (with M. J. Lynch) of the book series Green Criminology. His current research interests include environmental justice and green crime.

    Wendy Stubbs is a senior lecturer in the School of Geography & Environmental Science at Monash University, Australia. She has a PhD in corporate sustainability from Monash University and an MBA from the Wharton Business School. Her research interests include corporate sustainability, sustainable business models, and systems sustainability. Her research explores new business models that are grounded in the principles of sustainability (environmental, social, and economic) and sustainable business practices, particularly focusing on sustainability leaders. She is the course coordinator for the Master of Corporate Environmental and Sustainability Management and has taught sustainability subjects in the Bachelor of Environmental Science and Master of Business Administration programs.

    R. Subramaniam is an associate professor at the National Institute of Education in Nanyang Technological University in Singapore as well as honorary secretary of the Singapore National Academy of Science. He received his PhD in physical chemistry from the University of Salford in the United Kingdom in 1987. His principal research interests are in the areas of science education and science communication. In relation to the latter, he is particularly interested in, among other things, science and technology developments in Singapore. He has published several research papers in international refereed journals.

    Leo Tan Wee Hin holds the concurrent appointments of president of the Singapore National Academy of Science, professor of biological sciences at the National University of Singapore, and director of special projects at the Faculty of Science in the National University of Singapore. He was formerly director of the National Institute of Education, director of the Singapore Science Centre, and chairman of the National Parks Board. He received his PhD in marine biology from the University of Singapore in 1974. His principal research interests are in the areas of marine biology, science education, and science communication. In relation to the latter, he is particularly interested in, among other things, science and technology developments in Singapore. He has published numerous research papers in international refereed journals.

    Professor Nigel Tapper holds a personal chair in environmental science at Monash University where over the past 12 years he has variously served as head of the School of Geography and Environmental Science, foundation director of the Monash Sustainability Institute (a key university research institute responsible for facilitating and coordinating Monash-wide research across the key themes of climate, water, energy, biodiversity and transport), and joint coordinator of the Monash Atmospheric Science Program. Tapper has an active research program in surface-atmosphere interaction, climate change adaptation and mitigation, and climate impacts, especially as they relate to urban environments, human health, dust, and fire. Tapper also has strong teaching and research interests in Europe where he teaches a Monash class, Cultural Landscape, Environment and Sustainability, in the Cinque Terre, Italy, and where he has recently established collaborations with a number of institutions to investigate climate change impacts on agriculture and forestry. In October 2007, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) was jointly awarded the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize (shared with former U.S. vice president Al Gore). Tapper, along with many other scientists contributed to the work of the IPCC that led to the award of that prize.

    André C. Taylor is an environmental and social scientist who is based in New South Wales, Australia. He received his bachelor of science with honors (first class) in 1990 from the University of Tasmania and his master of environmental management in 1995 from the University of Queensland. In 2010, he completed his PhD at Monash University. His PhD research examined particular types of leaders (“champions”) who are instrumental in promoting more sustainable water management practices in Australia. This research also involved the design, delivery, and evaluation of a customized leadership development program for such leaders.

    Andrew David Thaler is a doctoral candidate at the Duke University Marine Lab. His research includes population and conservation genetics of deep sea communities and understanding the behavior and robustness of molecular markers for inferring ecological processes from genetic data. His popular writing can be found in Open Lab: The Best Science Writing on the Web 2009 and Open Lab: The Best Science Writing on the Web 2010, and he has been featured in several regional newspapers. He is the founder and chief editor of Southern Fried Science.

    Valerie Thatcher is an assistant instructor and doctoral candidate in Rhetoric and Language in the Department of Communication Studies at the University of Texas at Austin; she is also an instructor in the Department of Communication at St. Edward's University. Thatcher's chapter within this volume is a preliminary research paper for her dissertation on the rhetorical strategies of local coal plant resistance campaigns. Her scholarship focuses on two areas, visual rhetoric and environmental communication. She has presented a number of scholarly papers in these specialties at the National Communication Association annual and the Conference on Communication and the Environment biennial conferences. She is a founding member of the International Environmental Communication Association.

    Alessandra Tognazzo is a doctoral candidate at the School in Economics and Management at the University of Padua, Italy. Her research interests include entrepreneurship, group dynamics, leadership, creativity, and innovation.

    José Manuel de la Torre-Ruiz is a PhD in management and assistant professor in the Business and Management Department at University of Granada (Spain). He is a full member of the research group ISDE, and his primary research interests are human resource management and organizational behavior. He is currently studying team design and newcomer adjustment and their consequences for the performance of teams. He has also oriented his work toward environmental management, focusing mainly on the impact of environmental management systems on firms’ performance.

    Sarah F. Trainor is research assistant professor in geography at the University of Alaska, Fairbanks. She is principal investigator and director of the Alaska Center for Climate Assessment and Policy (http://www.accap.uaf.edu) and the Alaska Fire Science Consortium (http://akfireconsortium.uaf.edu). She also serves as stakeholder liaison for the Scenarios Network for Alaska and Arctic Planning (http://www.snap.uaf.edu). Trainor earned her PhD and MA in energy and resources at the University of California, Berkeley, and her BA in environmental studies from Mount Holyoke College. Her work focuses on climate change adaptation and vulnerability assessment in Alaska with special focus on the coproduction of knowledge and bridging climate science and decision making.

    Sharon Turnbull is an independent academic and visiting professor at the University of Gloucestershire Business School and the University of Worcester Business School; she is also senior research fellow at Lancaster University Management School and teaching fellow at Durham Business School. Turnbull was director of the Centre for Applied Leadership Research at The Leadership Trust Foundation in Ross-on-Wye, United Kingdom, until January 2011. She has published two books: Your MBA With Distinction—A Systematic Approach to Success in Your Business Degree (published in 2002 in the United Kingdom) by C. Gatrell and S. Turnbull and Critical Thinking in Human Resource Development (2005, edited by C. Elliott & S. Turnbull). Her current research interests are global and world leadership, responsible leadership, and leadership development. Her latest book is Worldly Leadership: Alternative Wisdoms for a Complex World.

    María Dolores Vidal-Salazar is assistant professor in the Business and Management Department at University of Granada (Spain). She holds a PhD in management, University of Granada. Her current research interests include the relationship between several human resources management practices (i.e., personnel training and development) and the implementation of advanced environmental strategies. She has a broad practical background in several Spanish regional Chambers of Commerce.

    Gregg B. Walker is professor of communication, adjunct professor of forest ecology and society, adjunct professor of oceanic and atmospheric sciences, adjunct professor of geosciences, and a member of the environmental science faculty at Oregon State University in Corvallis. On campus, he teaches courses in conflict management, bargaining and negotiation, mediation, international negotiation, natural resources decision making, environmental conflict resolution, and argumentation. Off campus, he conducts training programs on collaborative conflict resolution, designs collaborative public participation processes, facilitates collaborative learning community workshops about natural resource and environmental policy issues, and researches community-level collaboration efforts. He has authored a variety of articles and papers on environmental communication and conflict resolution and is coauthor (with Steve Daniels) of Working Through Environmental Conflict: The Collaborative Learning Approach (2001). In Spring 2010, he served as an Erasmus Mundus scholar in the Department of Forest and Landscape at the University of Copenhagen. One of his current projects features the analysis of United Nations climate change negotiations. He holds PhD and MA degrees in communication studies from the University of Kansas and BA and BS degrees in speech communication, sociology, and history from the University of Minnesota.

    Richard L. Wallace is an associate professor of environmental studies at Ursinus College, where he teaches courses on interdisciplinary problem solving, land and wildlife conservation, and food systems. He received his BA from the University of Vermont and a master's and PhD from Yale University; all three degrees are in environmental studies. He currently maintains two research programs: a long-term assessment of marine mammal conservation under the U.S. Endangered Species Act and Marine Mammal Protection Act and an appraisal of the history and prospects of interdisciplinarity in the field of environmental studies. His work has been published in Conservation Biology, Policy Sciences, Environmental Management, the Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences, and many other forums.

    Julianne Lutz Warren is the author of Aldo Leopold's Odyssey (2006) and other scholarly and creative writings about relationships. She teaches at New York University, where she is challenged to be as fiercely active on the streets as she is in the library, classroom, home, and mountains she loves.

    Christian Webersik is associate professor at the Department for Development Studies at the University of Agder (UiA). His general research interests are the role of natural resources in armed conflict, climate change and security, natural hazards and development, and postconflict economic recovery. Before joining UiA, he was a Japan Society for the Promotion of Science–United Nations University Postdoctoral Fellow at United Nations University's Institute of Advanced Studies. Webersik briefly worked as report writer for United Nations Development Programme's (UNDP) Bureau of Crisis Prevention and Recovery. Before that, he worked at the Earth Institute at Columbia University where he was hosted by the Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN). Following his doctorate, he was assistant professor of political science at Asmara University, Eritrea. He is holds a doctorate of philosophy from Oxford University in political science and international relations where he studied the political economy of war and the role of natural resources in conflict in Somalia. In the past, Webersik worked in a number of conflict situations with the UNDP, the UN High Commission on Refugees, and the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). He worked for the UN Climate Change Secretariat in Bonn (UN Framework Convention on Climate Change).

    David Whiteman is a member of the Coordinating Council of Sustainable Carolina and director of the Green Quad Learning Center at the University of South Carolina. He is also a faculty member in the Department of Political Science, where he teaches courses on green politics and political communication. His primary research interest is the role of documentary film in contemporary green activism, and he is currently completing a book titled Unleashing the Power of Social-Issue Documentaries: Outreach Strategies for Political Impact.

    Sue Williams, MS, PhD, Chartered Member of the Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development (MCIPD), master's of health (MHEA), Professional Graduate Certificate in Education (Further, Adult and Higher Education), has a background in both public and private sector organizations as a trainer and developer of employees, managers, and leaders. Her teaching covers these areas as well as organization development in undergraduate, postgraduate, and professional programs. She was the program leader of Leading Change, a 2-year work-based master's course specializing in supporting leaders through change projects. Williams has written a number of articles on reflective practice and maintains her research interests in this area, in management learning, and in collaborative working, such as action learning. She has been involved in a number of consultancy projects involving action learning and management competency development. Her PhD was gained from the University of Wolverhampton in 2001, and she has worked at the University of Gloucestershire since 1999. The University of Gloucestershire has a very strong profile in the higher education sector for its commitment and achievements in the area of sustainability in its environmental policies, its engagement with the global community on these issues, and in its curriculum design. The development of leaders is a further strand in this research and practice.

    Kristopher Wilson, PhD, is currently head of Broadcast News in the School of Journalism at the University of Texas at Austin. He spent a decade working in television as a news director, executive producer, anchor, reporter, and weather anchor. He holds a doctorate in geography from the University of Colorado at Boulder, specializing in climatology and climate change, and a master's degree from Ohio State University, where he was a Kiplinger Fellow and specialized in environmental journalism. He is considered an international expert in the communication of climate science, and his research has been published in Science Communication, Mass Communication Review, The Journal of Geography, Public Understanding of Science, National Weather Digest, the Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, and in the book Environmental Risks and the Media.

    Kristin Wintersteen received her PhD in history at Duke University in 2011. Wintersteen's dissertation explored the post–World War II industrialization of fisheries in the southeastern Pacific, particularly the production of fish meal and the shifting political economies of marine resource use. She holds the 2012 to 2013 Zemurray-Stone Postdoctoral Teaching Fellowship at Tulane University.

    Wendy Young is a master's degree student in community development matriculating at Iowa State University. Young's research focuses on Alaska rural communities as they face the combined threat of climate change and assimilation into Western society. She is currently working on a case study documenting the adaptation and resilience of an Inupiaq village as it faces the environmental hazards of climate change.

    Deone Zell, PhD, is a professor of management at California State University, Northridge, where she teaches classes in management and organizational behavior, organization theory and change, and innovation. She received her PhD at University of California, Los Angeles. She has coauthored numerous articles and three books on topics of organizational and industry change, networks, and innovation. Her research interests include social networks, the diffusion of innovations, technology evolution, and the transition to an environmentally sustainable economy.

    Kevin A. Zelnio is an independent scientist, freelance science writer, and communication specialist. He received an MS from Pennsylvania State University, studying the ecology of deep sea hydrothermal vents. Zelnio is the assistant editor for the Web blog Deep Sea News, blogs for Scientific American, and has contributed several scholarly and popular science articles.

    Xiaoquan Zhao, PhD, is an assistant professor of communication at George Mason University and an investigator in Mason's Center for Climate Change Communication. A nationally recognized expert in media campaign effects, he is currently a co-investigator on the NSF grant focused on enabling television meteorologists to serve as effective informal climate change educators.


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