- Subject index
The SAGE Handbook of Environmental Change is an extensive survey of the interdisciplinary science of environmental change that examines the historic importance and future development of the field over two volumes. With over 40 chapters, the books situate key arguments and debates by examining a retrospective audit of the discipline, its changing nature and diversity of approaches, key theoretical paradigms, its resonances between sub-fields and other disciplines, and its relationships to theory, research and practice. Global in its coverage, scientific and theoretical in its approach, the books bring together an international set of respected editors and contributors to provide an exciting, timely addition to the literature on climate change.
Chapter 35: Environmental Change in the Arctic and Antarctic
Environmental Change in the Arctic and Antarctic
Polar environments are unique and amongst the most extreme environments on Earth. Characterized by severe conditions, their high latitudes are typified by low seasonal temperatures – the coldest temperature (−89.2°C) has been recorded at Vostok, in Antarctica. An extreme photo period transitions from the dark winter polar night to the summer period of continuous 24 hour daylight. The summer growing season is short and nutrients are usually low. Ice is present in the form of glaciers, permafrost and sea ice. Several classic texts provide in-depth accounts of these environments, including descriptions of physical geography, climate and ecological conditions. Stonehouse (1989) and Sugden (1982) compare and contrast the two poles. Born ...