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Chapter 3: Civic Education, Social Justice and Critical Race Theory
Social studies educators often acknowledge the history of social injustices rooted in our nationhood. Two distinct paradigms in contemporary civic education and multicultural education have highlighted the issues often marginalized in American society related to race, ethnicity and class. Each of these areas theoretically and in classroom practice have marginally theorized race in the social studies and delineated strategies for societal transformation (Dewy, 1916; Banks, 1990, 1991, 1990; Bickmore, 1993; Goodman, 1992; Lynch, 1992).
At the core of both multicultural and civic education are the essential concepts of democracy, equality and civic participation. Although their tenets support an examination of social justice, the placement of social justice ...