All education regulated by nation-states is, in one sense, education for some kind of ‘peace.’ In the liberal ‘social contract’ tradition, the purpose of any government is to protect citizens from violence, as a prerequisite for their individual pursuit of well-being (Henderson, 2006). Collectively, citizens (defense, security) serve as justification for - and (through taxation) funders of -military spending and deployment (Franklin, 2006a). Governments have had a monopoly on the legitimate use of force in order to serve as security guarantors. Further, governments since the nineteenth century have had a virtual monopoly on ‘legitimate education’ (Gellner, cited in Tawil and Harley, 2004), used to create and maintain a sense of shared national identity and social cohesion among their ...
Peace and Conflict Education
Peace and conflict education