Across generations, families have always ensured that young children have access to important cultural practices, and one way of doing so has been through formal classes. Such classes have been particularly crucial to the lives of new immigrant families who are anxious both to preserve the language, literacy, and religion of their heritage and to give young children extra tuition in the language and literacy of the new country. Out-of-school schooling thus encompasses a range of different ‘community’ classes: religious or liturgical, mother-tongue language and literacy classes and Saturday classes in the host language, often covering a range of subjects across the curriculum. This chapter assesses the value of such classes, in terms of ...
The Out-of-School Schooling of Literacy
The out-of-school schooling of literacy