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Patrick Fougeyrollas & Line Beauregard

In: Handbook of Disability Studies

Chapter 7: Disability: An Interactive Person-Environment Social Creation

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Disability: An Interactive Person-Environment Social Creation
Disability: An interactive person-environment social creation

Not such a long time ago, disability was systematically identified as characteristic of the person. The presence of body or functional differences was considered to automatically provoke personal tragedy, exclusion, or stigmatization. Any person with a significant impairment was labeled handicapped or disabled. Even though this perspective is still widespread, this conception of disability has progressively changed since the 1960s. In fact, several people began to question this reductionist representation of disability and emphasized the role of environmental factors in the disability process, notably through the emergence of the disability rights movement.

Despite much advancement, it remains today that there is no true consensus as to these determinant factors of disability, notably with regards to ...

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