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Chapter 26: Implications for Research Training and Examination for Design PhDs
It is commonly recognized by the design research community that there is a ‘designerly’ way of knowing articulated by Nigel Cross (1982, 2006), that is distinct from other types of knowledge. Cross positions it as a third way of knowing, distinct from a Scientific or Humanities approach. He uses this simple model to highlight the various philosophical differences between the three disciplines. Cross differentiates them (1982, p. 222) by contrasting the phenomenon of study as:
- In the sciences: the natural world
- In the humanities: human experience
- In design: the man-made world
When Cross and his colleagues at the Royal College of Art proposed the idea of designerly ...