The SAGE Handbook of Cultural Analysis
Publication Year: 2008
With the ‘cultural turn’, the concept of culture has assumed enormous importance in our understanding of the interrelations between social, political, and economic structures, patterns of everyday interaction, and systems of meaning-making. In The SAGE Handbook of Cultural Analysis, the leading figures in their fields explore the implications of this paradigm shift. Addressed to academics and advanced students in all fields of the social sciences and humanities, this Handbook is at once a synthesis of advances in the field, with a comprehensive coverage of the scholarly literature, and a collection of original and provocative essays by some of the brightest intellectuals of our time.
- Front Matter
- Subject Index
Part I: Frameworks of Analysis
- Chapter 1: Anthropology and Culture
- Chapter 2: Cultural Geography: An Account
- Chapter 3: Psychology and Cultural Analysis
- Chapter 4: Sociology and Culture
- Chapter 5: Cultural History
- Chapter 6: Literary Studies
- Chapter 7: Culture and Music
- Chapter 8: Visual Analysis
- Chapter 9: Film Studies
- Chapter 10: Broadcasting
- Chapter 11: Cultural Studies
- Chapter 12: Feminism and Culture: Theoretical Perspectives
- Chapter 13: Material Culture
- Chapter 14: Culture: Science Studies and Technoscience
Part II: Current Issues
- Chapter 15: Culture and Nation
- Chapter 16: Culture and Modernities
- Chapter 17: Globalization and Cultural Flows/Networks
- Chapter 18: Colonialism and Culture
- Chapter 19: Indigenous Culture: The Politics of Vulnerability and Survival
- Chapter 20: Cultural Property
- Chapter 21: Culture and Economy
- Chapter 22: Culture, Class and Classification
- Chapter 23: Analysing Multiculturalism Today
- Chapter 24: Culture and Identity
- Chapter 25: Culture, Sex and Sexualities
- Chapter 26: Cultural and Creative Industries
- Chapter 27: Cultural Technologies
- Chapter 28: Cyberculture and New Media
Part III: Research Theory and Practice
© Editorial arrangement and introduction Tony Bennett and John Frow 2008
Chapter 26 © David Hesmondhalgh 2008
First Published 2008
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Enquiries concerning reproduction outside those terms should be sent to the publishers.
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We are particularly grateful to Chris Rojek at Sage for asking us to edit this Handbook in the first place, and for his willingness to let us stretch the envelope a little in our approach to the genre of ‘the Handbook’ by encouraging our contributors to write with a little more ‘edge’ than the genre customarily allows. We have also appreciated his patience in giving us the time both to assemble the team of contributors we wanted and then giving them the time to write to the demanding briefs we had prepared for them. We are grateful too to Mila Steele at Sage for her help through all stages, from initial contacts with authors through to the handover of the completed manuscript and the efficiency of her management of the production process. And we thank Karen Ho from the Open University for her invaluable assistance in formatting the manuscript to ensure consistency between the different chapters.
We are grateful, too, to the members of our editorial advisory panel. They were, collectively and individually, of real help to us at many stages in the process. Their advice was invaluable at the time when we were struggling to give some shape to the collection and even more so, later, when devising briefs for specific chapters where we found ourselves in territory that was relatively unfamiliar to us. We thank them too for their good service in helping persuade prospective contributors to sign up to this project.
But our greatest debt is to our contributors. We are grateful to all of them for the productive and collegial ways in which they have responded, first, to our initial briefs, and, second, to our comments on their first and subsequent drafts. It is rare in a venture of this kind to be able to say that we have not encountered any sense of authorial self-interest standing in the way of the business of shaping a collective product, but we haven't and we're grateful for it. To those contributors who finished first: our thanks for your patience in waiting for the whole to come together. To those who finished last: our thanks for pulling out all the stops when it was needed.
And, having first started work on this project in 2001, we are, finally, thankful that it is completed!
Advisory Panel[Page vi]
Professor Roger Chartier, Department of History, University of Pennsylvania
Professor Rey Chow, Andrew W. Mellon Professor of the Humanities, Department of Modern Culture and Media, Brown University
Professor Dana Polan, Department of Cinema Studies, Tisch School of the Arts, New York University
Professor Rita Felski, English Department, University of Virginia
Professor Jonathan Spencer, Department of Social Anthropology, University of Edinburgh
Professor Nicholas Dirks, Department of Anthropology, Columbia University
Professor Meaghan Morris, Department of Cultural Studies, Lingnan University, Hong Kong; Centre for Cultural Research, University of Western Sydney
Professor Andrew Ross, American Studies, Faculty of Arts and Science, New York University Professor Nigel Thrift, Vice Chancellor, University of Warwick
Professor Margaret Wetherell, Psychology, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Open University
Notes on Contributors[Page vii]
Kay Anderson is Professor of Cultural Research at the Centre for Cultural Research, University of Western Sydney. She has a long history of engagement with issues of race, culture, nature, and colonialism in Human Geography, as signalled by her (award-winning) Vancouver's Chinatown (1991) and Race and the Crisis of Humanism (2007). She has co-edited texts on the culture concept (Inventing Places, 1991; Cultural Geographies, 1999; Handbook of Cultural Geography, 2003), and is elected Academician of the Academy of the Social Sciences (UK) and Fellow of the Academy of the Social Sciences in Australia.
Ien Ang is Distinguished Professor of Cultural Studies at the University of Western Sydney, where she was the founding director of the Centre for Cultural Research. At present she is an Australian Research Council Professorial Fellow. She is the author of a number of books, including Watching Dallas (1985), Desperately Seeking the Audience (1991), Living Room Wars (1996) and On Not Speaking Chinese (2001). She is an elected fellow of the Australian Academy of Humanities.
Mieke Bal, a well-known cultural critic and theorist, holds the position of Royal Dutch Academy of Sciences Professor (KNAW). She is also Professor of the Theory of Literature in the Faculty of Humanities at the University of Amsterdam. Her many books include A Mieke Bal Reader (The University of Chicago Press, 2006), Travelling Concepts in the Humanities: A Rough Guide (University of Toronto Press, 2002) and Narratology: Introduction to the Theory of Narrative (University of Toronto Press, 1997). She is also a video artist.
Tony Bennett is Professor of Sociology at the Open University, a Director of the Economic and Social Science Research Centre on Socio-Cultural Change (CRESC), and a Professorial Fellow in the Faculty of Arts at the University of Melbourne. Recent publications include Culture: A Reformer's Science; Pasts Beyond Memory: Evolution, Museums, Colonialism; and New Keywords: A Revised Vocabulary of Culture and Society (edited with Larry Grossberg and Meaghan Morris). He was elected to membership of the Australian Academy of the Humanities in 1998.
Lisa Blackman is a Senior Lecturer in the Department of Media and Communications, Goldsmiths College, UK. She works at the intersection of critical psychology and cultural theory, and particularly on the relationships between the body, affect and the psychological. She has published two books: L. Blackman and V. Walkerdine (2001) Mass Hysteria: Critical Psychology and Media Studies (Palgrave); and L. Blackman (2001) Hearing Voices: Embodiment and Experience (Free Association Books). She is currently completing two monographs. The first is under consideration by Duke University Press: L. Blackman (forthcoming), Feeling FINE: Affect, Relationality and the ‘Problem of Personality’. The second is a general introduction to body theory: L. Blackman (2008) The Body: The Key Concepts. London: Berg.[Page viii]
Peter Burke recently retired from his post as Professor of Cultural History, University of Cambridge, but remains a Fellow of Emmanuel College. His studies of cultural history, which have been translated into 30 languages, range from Culture and Society in Renaissance Italy (1972) to What Is Cultural History? (2004).
Gilbert Caluya is currently completing his PhD on the spatial politics of everyday fear in the Gender and Cultural Studies Department, University of Sydney, where he also lectures on feminist, postcolonial and queer theory. He was awarded the University of Sydney Medal in 2003 for his ethnography of gay Asian males in Sydney's gay scene, which also received the Australian Lesbian and Gay Archives Thesis Prize. He has work published in the Journal of Intercultural Studies and ACRAWSA e-Journal.
Lilie Chouliaraki is Professor of Media and Communications at the Department of Media and Communications at the LSE and Research Director of POLIS, LSE's think tank on media and society. Her recent publications include The Spectatorship of Suffering (Sage, 2006) and The Soft Power of War (Benjamins, 2007).
Simon Clarke is Professor of Psycho-Social Studies and Director of the Centre for Psycho-Social Studies at the University of the West of England, UK. He has published numerous articles, essays and reviews on the psychoanalytic understanding of racism, ethnic hatred and social conflict. Recent publications include: Social Theory, Psychoanalysis and Racism (2003); From Enlightenment to Risk: Social Theory and Contemporary Society (2005) and Emotion, Politics and Society (2006; with Paul Hoggett and Simon Thompson). He is currently working on a new book, Constructions of Whiteness, and is Consulting Editor (with Paul Hoggett) of a new Karnac Book series, Exploring Psycho-Social Studies. Simon is editor of the print journal Psychoanalysis, Culture & Society (Palgrave) and is currently directing a research project which forms part of the larger £4 million ESRC ‘social identities’ programme. The project looks at notions of home and identity in contemporary Britain.
Diana Crane is Professor Emerita in the Department of Sociology at the University of Pennsylvania. She is a specialist in the sociology of culture, arts, media and globalization. Her books include Fashion and Its Social Agendas: Class, Gender, and Identity in Clothing (University of Chicago Press, 2000); and Global Culture: Media, Arts, Policy and Globalization (co-edited with Nobuko Kawashima and Ken'ichi Kawasaki) (Routledge, 2002), as well as numerous articles in journals and chapters in books.
Tia DeNora is Professor of Music Sociology at Exeter University. She is author of Beethoven and the Construction of Genius (California/Fayard, 1995), Music in Everyday Life (Cambridge, 2000) and After Adorno (Cambridge, 2003). She is currently doing research in collaboration with Nordoff Robbins Music Therapy Centre on music and mental health.
James F. English is Professor of English at the University of Pennsylvania. His recent work focuses on the sociology of literature and especially on its institutional and transnational dimensions. The Economy of Prestige: Prizes, Awards, and the Circulation of Cultural Value (Harvard UP) was named Best Academic Book of 2005 by New York Magazine. Also published in 2005 was the Concise Companion to Contemporary British Fiction, from Blackwell.
Johannes Fabian is Professor Emeritus of cultural anthropology at the University of Amsterdam. He did research on religious movements, language, work and popular culture in the [Page ix]Shaba/Katanga mining region of Zaire, now Congo (1966–1967, 1972–1974, 1985, 1986). In his theoretical and critical work, he addressed questions of epistemology and of the history of anthropology. His most recent publications include Out of Our Minds. Reason and Madness in the Exploration of Central Africa (2002), Anthropology with an Attitude (2001), Memory Against Culture: Arguments and Reminders. Anthropological Essays 2000–2005 (to be published in 2007 by Duke University Press).
John Frow is Professor of English Language and Literature at the University of Melbourne. He is the author of Marxism and Literary History (1986), Australian Cultural Studies: A Reader (edited with Meaghan Morris, 1993), Cultural Studies and Cultural Value (1995), Time and Commodity Culture (1997), Accounting for Tastes: Australian Everyday Cultures (1999; with Tony Bennett and Michael Emmison) and Genre (2006). There is a detailed bibliography at <http://www.english.unimelb.edu.au/about/staff/frowj.html>.
Eric Gable teaches cultural anthropology at the University of Mary Washington. He has done ethnographic research on history museums in the USA, in highland Sulawesi, Indonesia, and in rural Guinea-Bissau. His book (with Richard Handler), The New History in an Old Museum: Creating the Past at Colonial Williamsburg (1997, Durham, NC: Duke University Press), explores the politics of the production and consumption of public history.
Tom Gunning is Edwin A. and Betty L. Bergman Distinguished Service Professor of the Humanities at The University of Chicago in the Department of Art History and the Committee on Cinema and Media. He is author of two books, D. W. Griffith and the Origins of American Narrative Film (University of Illinois Press) and The Films of Fritz Lang: Allegories of Vision and Modernity (British Film Institute), as well as over a hundred articles on early cinema, the avant-garde, film genres and issues in film theory and history. His publications have appeared in a dozen languages. He is currently writing on the theory and history of motion in cinema.
Ghassan Hage is Future Generation Professor of Anthropology and Social Theory at the University of Melbourne. His research interests are in the comparative analysis of Nationalism and Racism, and in Lebanese transnational migrant cultures. He is the author of White Nation and Against Paranoid Nationalism.
Richard Handler is Professor of Anthropology at the University of Virginia. He received his BA in English Literature from Columbia University (1972) and his PhD in cultural anthropology from the University of Chicago (1979). He has written extensively on nationalism and culture theory. He conducted fieldwork in Quebec, Canada, between 1975 and 1984, which led to the publication of Nationalism and the Politics of Culture in Quebec (University Wisconsin Press, 1988). With Eric Gable, he published The New History in an Old Museum: Creating the Past at Colonial Williamsburg (Duke University Press, 1997). He is currently the editor of History of Anthropology.
David Hesmondhalgh is Professor of Media Industries at the Institute of Communications Studies and Co-Director (with Justin O'Connor) of CuMIRC, the Cultural and Media Industries Research Centre, at the University of Leeds. His publications include The Cultural Industries (2nd edition, 2007), and five edited volumes: The Media and Social Theory (with Jason Toynbee, 2008), Media Production (2006), Understanding Media: Inside Celebrity (with Jessica Evans, 2005), Popular Music Studies (with Keith Negus, 2002) and Western Music and its Others (with Georgina Born, 2000.[Page x]
Joel S. Kahn is Emeritus Professor in the Sociology and Anthropology Program at La Trobe University in Melbourne, Australia. He has been carrying out research and publishing books and articles on issues of development, globalization, modernity, race, culture, Islam and identity particularly in Southeast Asia for more than 30 years. His current research is on cosmopolitanism and the formation of translocal identities in the modern Malay World. His latest book, published in 2006 by Singapore University Press, is entitled Other Malays: Nationalism and Cosmopolitanism in the Modern Malay World.
Pepi Leistyna is an Associate Professor of Applied Linguistics Graduate Studies at the University of Massachusetts, Boston, where he coordinates the research programme and teaches courses in cultural studies, media literacy and language acquisition. His books include: Breaking Free: The Transformative Power of Critical Pedagogy; Presence of Mind: Education and the Politics of Deception; Defining and Designing Multiculturalism; Corpus Analysis: Language Structure and Language Use, and Cultural Studies: From Theory to Action. His recent documentary film is called Class Dismissed: How TV Frames the Working Class for which he is the 2007 recipient of the Studs Terkel Award for Media and Journalism. He is a research fellow for the Education Policy Research Unit and a board member of the Working-Class Studies Association and the Association for Cultural Studies.
Justin Lewis is Professor of Communication at the School of Journalism, Media and Cultural Studies at Cardiff University. He joined Cardiff in 2000, having worked for 12 years in the USA at the University of Massachusetts. He has written several books about media and politics, including Constructing Public Opinion (Columbia University Press) and Citizens or Consumers: What the Media Tell us About Political Participation (Open University Press).
Celia Lury is Professor in Sociology at Goldsmiths, University of London. She studied at the Universities of York and Manchester and has previously taught at Lancaster University, where she was co-director, with Professor Beverley Skeggs, of the Centre for Women's Studies. Her research interests are in the fields of cultural and feminist theory. She has developed these theoretical interests through a series of projects on: the culture industry with special emphasis on intellectual property (Cultural Rights, Routledge, 1993), consumer culture (Consumer Culture, Polity, 1996) and self-identity (Prosthetic Culture, 1998, Routledge). She co-edited Transformations: Thinking Through Feminism (Routledge, 2000), and Inventive Life: Towards A New Vitalism (Sage, 2006). Her most recent publication, with Professor Scott Lash, is Global Culture Industry: The Mediation of Things (Polity, 2007).
David McCrone is Professor of Sociology, and co-director of the University of Edinburgh's Institute of Governance. He is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, and a Fellow of the British Academy. He coordinated the research programme funded by The Leverhulme Trust on Constitutional Change and National Identity (1999–2004), and on National Identity, Citizenship and Social Inclusion (2006–2010). He has written extensively on the sociology and politics of Scotland, and the comparative study of nationalism. His recent books include: Has Devolution Delivered? (2006); Living in Scotland: Social and Economic Change Since 1980 (2004); Understanding Scotland: The Sociology of a Nation (2001); New Scotland, New Society? (2001); New Scotland: New Politics? (2000); and The Sociology of Nationalism: Tomorrow's Ancestors (1998).
Daniel Miller is Professor of Material Culture at the Department of Anthropology University College London. Recent books include The Comfort of Things (Polity, 2008), The Cell Phone: An Anthropology of Communication (with H. Horst Berg, 2006), Materiality (ed. Duke, 2005), [Page xi]Clothing as Material Culture (edited with S. Küchler) (Berg, 2005). He also co-founded http://materialworldblog.com. Current projects include (a) the experience of loss, (b) au pairs in London, (c) global denim and (d) the use of media by separated families.
Toby Miller works at the University of California, Riverside. He edits the journals Social Identities and Television & New Media. His latest book is Cultural Citizenship and he is the author and editor of over 20 other volumes.
Timothy Mitchell is Professor of Politics at New York University, where he has served as director of the Center for Near Eastern Studies and as program director of the International Center for Advanced Studies. His books include Colonising Egypt, Questions of Modernity, Rule of Experts, and two volumes of essays published in Arabic translation, Egypt in American Discourse and Democracy and the State in the Arab World.
Andrew Pickering is Professor of Sociology at the University of Exeter. He is the author of Constructing Quarks: A Sociological History of Particle Physics and The Mangle of Practice: Time, Agency and Science, and the editor of Science as Practice and Culture and The Mangle in Practice: Science, Society and Becoming (with Keith Guzik). His new book is Sketches of Another Future: Cybernetics in Britain, 1940–2000.
Sarah Pink is Reader in Social Anthropology in the Department of Social Sciences at Loughborough University. Her publications include The Future Of Visual Anthropology (2005), Working Images (co-edited in 2004), Doing Visual Ethnography (2007 ), and Visual Interventions (forthcoming in 2007). Her current research involves a sensory ethnography of the Cittaslow movement in the UK.
Christopher Pinney is Professor of Anthropology and Visual Culture at University College London and Visiting Crowe Chair in Art History at Northwestern University. He has held visiting positions at the University of Chicago, Australian National University, University of Cape Town and Jawarharlal Nehru University in New Delhi. His most recent book is Photos of the Gods (2004). The Coming of Photography in India, based on the 2006 Panizzi Lectures, is forthcoming.
Griselda Pollock is Professor of Social and Critical Histories of Art and Director of the Centre for Cultural Analysis, Theory and History at the University of Leeds. Committed to feminist studies and author of over 20 books, she is currently focusing on psychoanalysis and aesthetics, and issues of trauma, art and catastrophe. Recent books include edited collections Psychoanalysis and the Image (2006), Encountering Eva Hesse (2006) and Museums after Modernism (2007). Forthcoming are monographs Encounters in the Virtual Feminist Museum: Time, Space and the Archive (2007) and Theatre of Memory: Charlotte Salomon's Leben? oder Theater? (2007), as well as articles on the death of Anne Frank in Mortality and on Charlotte Salomon in Art History.
Elspeth Probyn is the Professor of Gender and Cultural Studies at the University of Sydney. She has published several books in the area of cultural research, including Sexing the Self (Routledge, 1993), Outside Belongings (Routledge, 1996), Carnal Appetites: FoodSexIdentities (Routledge, 2000), Sexy Bodies (co-edited with Elizabeth Grosz, Routledge, 1995), and Blush: Faces of Shame (University of Minnesota Press, and UNSW Press, 2005).
Vincent de Rooij is an assistant professor in the Department of Sociology and Anthropology of the University of Amsterdam. He holds an MA in Anthropology and a PhD in Linguistics, both from the University of Amsterdam. His current research interests include: youth vernaculars [Page xii]in The Netherlands, social and cultural dimensions of language contact, and the impact of new media on behaviour and cognition. Together with Johannes Fabian, he is the editor of the Language and Popular Culture in Africa (LPCA) web site (http://www2.fmg.uva.nl/lpca/).
Tim Rowse is in the History Program, Research School of Social Sciences, the Australian National University. Since the early 1980s, his primary research and teaching interest has been in Australian Indigenous Studies, in particular: the colonial history of Central Australia; post-World War II public policies towards Indigenous Australians; and Indigenous autobiography as a medium for Indigenous historical consciousness. His latest book (co-author Murray Goot) is Divided Nation? Indigenous Affairs and the Imagined Public (Melbourne University Publishing, 2007) – a study of public opinion polls and their place in the political process.
Mike Savage is Professor of Sociology at the University of Manchester, where he is convening Director of the ESRC Centre for Research on Socio-Cultural Change (CRESC). His interests lie in the intersections between studies in stratification and inequality, historical sociology, urban studies and cultural sociology. His recent books include Globalization and Belonging (with Gaynor Bagnall and Brian Longhurst, Sage, 2005), and Rethinking Class: Culture, Identities and Lifestyles (edited with Fiona Devine, Rosemary Crompton and John Scott, Macmillan, 2004). His book Discovering English Society 1950–2000: Popular Identities in the Social Science Imagination will be published by Clarendon during 2008.
Tiziana Terranova is Associate Professor in the Sociology of Cultural Processes at the Università degli Studi di Napoli, ‘L'Orientale’ under the sponsorship of the Italian Ministry of University and the Research Programme ‘Rientro Cervelli’. She is the author of Corpi nella Rete (Costa and Nolan, 2006) and Network Culture: Politics for the Information Age (Pluto Press, 2004) and numerous essays on the cultural politics of new media.
Valerie Walkerdine is Professor of Psychology in the interdisciplinary social sciences in the School of Social Sciences in Cardiff University. She has worked on issues of subjectivity for many years, bringing together cultural and social theory with critical psychology and psychoanalysis. Her latest book is Children, Gender, Videogames: Towards a Relational Approach to Multimedia (Palgrave, 2007). She is currently working on theoretical issues in connection with subjectivity and relationality, attempting to bring into dialogue notions of affect taken from social theory and object relations psychoanalysis.