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Chapter 17: Managing Racial/Ethnic Conflict for Community Building
Any discussion of community conflict and its management begins with a number of recognitions. First, as Coleman (1957) noted, “Controversies within communities are as old as civilization itself” (p. 2). Interestingly, the early literature on the subject (see Coleman, 1957; Laue & Cormick, 1978; Whyte, 1943) had a distinctly American flavor. Now however, modernization (Appadurai, 1996; C. E. Black, 1966) brings with it heightened patterns of social stratification and a post-Cold War rise in ethnic identity, and thus has placed community conflict on a worldwide landscape.
A second consideration is the kind of community the conflict takes place in. G. Black (1974) argued there was an over-concentration of study and emphasis on large urban areas ...