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Ian Neath & Aimée M. Surprenant

In: Handbook of Cognition

Chapter 9: Mechanisms of Memory

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Mechanisms of Memory
Mechanisms of memory
IanNeath, Aimée M.Surprenant

Memory research in the 1990s often focused on the question of whether memory is best characterized as a set of independent systems or as a set of interrelated processes (see, e.g., Foster & Jelicic, 1999). In this chapter we provide a functional analysis of memory mechanisms that allows the specification of general principles of memory. These principles, we argue, apply to all memory, regardless of the type of information, the type of processing, the hypothetical system supporting the memory, or the time scale. We critique both the multiple systems and the processing views, showing how each misses something fundamental about the psychology of memory. We end by briefly describing three models of memory that are based on the ...

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